Article

The Psychological Bases of Ideology and Prejudice: Testing a Dual Process Model

Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (Impact Factor: 5.08). 08/2002; 83(1):75-93. DOI: 10.1037//0022-3514.83.1.75
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The issue of personality and prejudice has been largely investigated in terms of authoritarianism and social dominance orientation. However, these seem more appropriately conceptualized as ideological attitudes than as personality dimensions. The authors describe a causal model linking dual dimensions of personality, social world view, ideological attitudes, and intergroup attitudes. Structural equation modeling with data from American and White Afrikaner students supported the model, suggesting that social conformity and belief in a dangerous world influence authoritarian attitudes, whereas toughmindedness and belief in a competitive jungle world influence social dominance attitudes, and these two ideological attitude dimensions influence intergroup attitudes. The model implies that dual motivational and cognitive processes, which may be activated by different kinds of situational and intergroup dynamics, may underlie 2 distinct dimensions of prejudice.

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Available from: John Duckitt, Jul 23, 2014
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    • "Nevertheless, those who are motivated to maintain ingroup cohesion and collective security (i.e., Right-Wing Authoritarians) and those who are motivated to maintain group-based dominance and social hierarchy (i.e., those high in Social Dominance Orientation) should typically endorse both Dark Duo ideologies. Consistent with this thesis, Social Dominance Orientation and Right-Wing Authoritarianism tend to be positively correlated because the sociostructural conditions that generate these two motives (competition and danger) also tend to co-occur in society (Duckitt, 2001;Duckitt et al., 2002). To the extent that levels of competition and danger correspond in contemporary post-colonial societies, people's endorsement of Symbolic Exclusion should closely covary with their support for Historical Negation. "

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    • "Bajo este estereotipo negativo las personas con VIH/ SIDA están asociadas con la homosexualidad y son concebidas como individuos peligrosos para la salud pública, pues se vinculan con el consumo de drogas, con comportamientos sexualmente promiscuos o asociados con la prostitución. Todo esto los convierte en un grupo amenazante y de muy bajo estatus, lo que promovería el desprecio hacia ellos por parte de los individuos con mayor tendencia hacia la dominancia social (Duckitt et al., 2002). Si se observan los resultados de manera general, se puede proponer que mientras el RWA juega un rol fundamental en el rechazo hacia la homoparentalidad debido a que esta supone un rompimiento de instituciones, normas y convenciones muy tradicionales, la SDO juega un rol central en el prejuicio hacia las personas con VIH / SIDA, debido a que estas personas son percibidas como un grupo con un estatus social muy bajo. "

    Preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    • "RWA is mostly predicted by a belief that the world is a dangerous place to live in, which in turn is predicted by the personality dimension of social conformity (Duckitt et al., 2002). SDO is mainly predicted by the belief that the world is a competitive jungle, which in turn is predicted by the personality dimension of tough mindedness (Duckitt et al., 2002). "
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    ABSTRACT: The relationships between social value orientation, socio-political attitudes and prejudice was investigated in three studies (total N = 1069). Participants filled in questionnaires containing measures of social value orientation, left–right political orientation, social worldviews (i.e. dangerous world and competitive jungle), right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), social dominance orientation (SDO) and prejudice towards immigrants. Study 1 showed that a proself orientation was associated to right-wing political orientation through the mediation of RWA and SDO. Study 2 revealed that social worldviews mediated the relationships of a proself orientation with RWA and SDO. Finally, Study 3 indicated that a proself orientation was related to prejudice through the intervention of social worldviews, RWA and SDO. Overall, these findings provided robust evidence about the elevant role of interpersonal orientation underpinning socio-political attitudes and prejudice.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Personality and Individual Differences
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