Article

Characterization and validation studies of PowerPlex™ 2.1, a nine-locus short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex system and Penta D monoplex

North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation, Raleigh 27603, USA.
Journal of Forensic Sciences (Impact Factor: 1.16). 08/2002; 47(4):757-72.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

In order to increase the power of discrimination for human identification purposes, a nine-locus short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex, the GenePrint PowerPlex 2.1 system (PowerPlex 2.1) developed by Promega Corporation and a separate pentanucleotide-repeat locus, Penta D, were tested. This megaplex system includes the highly polymorphic loci FGA, TPOX, D8S1179, vWA, Penta E, D18S51, D21S11, TH01, and D3S1358 and may be used in combination with the eight-locus STR multiplex, the GenePrint PowerPlex 1.1 system (PowerPlex 1.1) that has been previously developed. Three of the loci, TPOX, TH01 and vWA, have been included in both systems for quality control purposes. As with PowerPlex 1.1, PowerPlex 2.1 is also based on a two-color detection of fluorescent-labeled DNA products amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and provides a valuable tool for accurate and rapid allele determination. The primer sequences used in the PowerPlex 2.1/Penta D system are also presented in this report. To meet the "Quality Assurance Standards for Forensic DNA Testing Laboratories" (FBI), we tested the efficiency and reproducibility of the PowerPlex 2.1/PentaD system by several validation studies that were conducted as a joint project among seven laboratories. Validation tests included concordance studies, sensitivity, and species specificity determination, as well as performance in forensic and environmentally impacted samples. The results produced from these tests demonstrated the consistency and reliability of the PowerPlex 2.1/Penta D system.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Suzanna Ryan, Apr 01, 2014
  • Source

    Full-text · Article · Jul 2003 · Analytical Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Validation studies were carried out using the commercially available PCR multiplex system genRESMPX-2. In addition to amelogenin, this system comprises the complete set of eight STR systems which are components of the German DNA database established in 1998 by the Federal Criminal Office of Germany (BKA). The minimum amount of template DNA which gave a complete DNA pattern ranged between 100 pg and 200 pg. Mixed samples could clearly be assigned from ratios between 1:5 (ACTBP2) and 1:20 (VWA, FGA). Experimental investigations with different forensic materials, environmental studies, reproducibility and precision data as well as practical casework analysis revealed that the genRESMPX-2 kit can be regarded as a sensitive, reliable and robust multiplex system even in the case of samples containing limited amounts or degraded DNA.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Deutsche Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Gerichtliche Medizin
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte transplantation has been proposed as a technique for bridging patients to whole-organ transplantation, for providing metabolic support during liver failure, and for replacing whole-organ transplantation in certain metabolic liver diseases. Assessment of hepatocyte engraftment has been difficult to measure, and the degree of engraftment needed to correct various liver disorders is still unknown. A sensitive, simple, and specific method of monitoring engraftment of transplanted hepatocytes for the purpose of bridging human liver failure to native regeneration using short tandem repeats (STRs) was evaluated. The analytical sensitivity of the test was evaluated using DNA mixing curves and established as 0.5% (percentage of donor DNA/ recipient DNA). Sex-matched and mismatched cases were included during the validation. The clinical evaluation of the assay was performed using liver samples from two patients who underwent hepatocyte transplantation. We concluded from this study that the AmpFLSTR Profiler Plus PCR Amplification Kit, a well-established technique in forensic medicine, is specific, sensitive, and a reproducible assay for measurement of engraftment after hepatocyte transplantation in both sex-matched and sex-mismatched cases.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2004 · Cell Transplantation
Show more