Pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism
Three factors are related with the pathogenesis of venous thrombosis: (1) blood stasis, (2) hypercoagulability, and (3) vessel damage. Local and systemic factors are implicated in blood stasis. Remarkable advances have been recently achieved regarding the understanding of the concept of hypercoagulability, with special emphasis to thrombophilic molecular abnormalities. Increased thromboembolic risk has been described in patients with antithrombin III, protein C, or protein S deficiencies as well as factor V Leiden, prothrombin mutation G20210A, or hyperhomocystinemia. Vessel wall has a remarkable role in protecting against and in promoting thrombosis. The role of inflammation on venous thrombosis is under investigation.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.