Pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism

ArticleinCurrent opinion in pulmonary medicine 8(5):360-4 · October 2002with8 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.76 · DOI: 10.1097/00063198-200209000-00003 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Three factors are related with the pathogenesis of venous thrombosis: (1) blood stasis, (2) hypercoagulability, and (3) vessel damage. Local and systemic factors are implicated in blood stasis. Remarkable advances have been recently achieved regarding the understanding of the concept of hypercoagulability, with special emphasis to thrombophilic molecular abnormalities. Increased thromboembolic risk has been described in patients with antithrombin III, protein C, or protein S deficiencies as well as factor V Leiden, prothrombin mutation G20210A, or hyperhomocystinemia. Vessel wall has a remarkable role in protecting against and in promoting thrombosis. The role of inflammation on venous thrombosis is under investigation.