[Physiological and pathologic implications for zero-stress state of the esophagus].

    Abstract

    The zero-stress state of the esophagus is the state in which the esophagus is stress-free. It is in close correlation with physiology and pathology of the esophagus. The purpose of the review is to describe briefly the basic theory of zero-stress state and its physiological and pathologic implications in the esophagus.