Balanced urbanization, regional integration and development planning in Asia

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    • "There is, by now, a long line of studies strongly linking urbanization and development (e.g., see Preston, 1979; Bairoch 1988; London 1987; Henderson 2002). This is especially salient in the developing world, where economic growth and modernization goes hand-in-hand with rapid urbanization (Alonso, 1980; Rondinelli, 1980; Becker and Morrison, 1988; Kasarda and Crenshaw, 1991). "
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    ABSTRACT: Urbanization-led development brings not just demographic, technological, and economic change, but profound institutional transition, as well. The scale and pace of China’s urbanization project have generated a crisis for millions living in rural–urban peripheries. We will utilize a model of institutional fit to conduct a critical analysis of China’s urbanization program and its implementation problems. Utilizing a semi-structured interview format, we analyze the experiences of the so-called “land-lost” residents in Changsha, China, vis-à-vis this ongoing institutional transition. The analysis provides a rich account of the myriad ways the transition to a privatized property market runs counter to the collective nature of peri-urban Chinese communities.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · World Development
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    ABSTRACT: Various aspects of urbanization – including the rapid growth of urban, especially metropolitan populations, increasing levels of urban primacy, rural-urban migration and the infrastructure needs generated by these trends – have exercised the minds of Asian-Pacific planners for decades. The policy responses have varied, but, apart from a lack of unanimity on appropriate policy goals, there has been a general failure to recognize that broad macro-economic or sectoral policies may have greater spatial impact than measures, often rather feeble, adopted for their direct spatial effects. The paper reviews urbanization trends in the Asian-Pacific region, and discusses the causes of urbanization. It then briefly reviews the public policy responses recommended in the literature or actually practised in the region. A series of issues in urban policy and planning are then discussed.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1991 · Asian-Pacific Economic Literature