Effects of TCDD upon IκB and IKK subunits localized in microsomes by proteomics

Proteomics Group, National Center for Toxicogenomics, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics (Impact Factor: 3.02). 11/2002; 406(2):153-64. DOI: 10.1016/S0003-9861(02)00452-6
Source: PubMed


Biochemical studies have shown that microsomes represent an important subcellular fraction for determining 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) effects. Proteomic analysis by two-dimensional gel-mass spectrometry of liver microsomes was undertaken to gain new insight into the actions of TCDD in male and female rats. Proteomic analysis showed TCDD induced several xenobiotic metabolism enzymes as well as a protein at 90kDa identified by mass spectrometry as IkappaB kinase beta/IKK2. This observation led to the discovery of other NF-kappaB binding proteins and kinases in microsomes and effects by TCDD. Western blotting for IKK and IkappaB family members in microsomes showed a distinct pattern from cytosol. IKK1 and IKK2 were both present in microsomes and were catalytically active although, unlike cytosol, IKKgamma/NEMO was not detectable. TCDD exposure produced an elevation in cytosolic and microsomal IKK activity of both genders. The NF-kappaB binding proteins IkappaBbeta and IkappaBgamma were prevalent in microsomes, while IkappaBalpha and IkappaB epsilon proteins were absent. TCDD treatment produced hyperphosphorylation of microsomal IkappaBbeta in both sexes with females being most sensitive. In cytosol, IkappaBalpha, IkappaBbeta, and IkappaB epsilon, but not IkappaBgamma, were clearly observed but were not changed by TCDD. Overall, proteomic analysis indicated the presence of NF-kappaB pathway members in microsomes, selectively altered by dioxin, which may influence immune and inflammatory responses within the liver.

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