Frontal cerebral blood flow is impaired in patients with heart transplantation

Gastroenterology Section, Department of Surgical and Gastroenterological Sciences, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 2, Italy.
Transplant International (Impact Factor: 2.6). 11/2002; 15(9-10):459-62. DOI: 10.1007/s00147-002-0448-3
Source: PubMed


Patients with cardiovascular disease have cognitive function disturbances that are still evident after heart transplantation (HT). The aim of this study was to evaluate cerebral function in transplant patients and to assess whether cyclosporine therapy was responsible for cerebral abnormalities 1 year after transplantation. Six HT patients, eight liver transplant (LT) patients, and ten age-matched healthy controls underwent regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) assessment by the (99m)Tc-hexamethyl-propylene-amineoxime ((99m)Tc-HM-PAO) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) technique. The rCBF was correlated with cyclosporine blood levels. rCBF in HT and LT patients was similar to that of controls in all regions assayed, except for the frontal inferior region of HT patients, where it was significantly lower than in controls. No correlations between rCBF and cyclosporine blood levels were found in either HT or LT patients. In conclusion, the cerebral abnormalities seen in patients after HT but not after LT may be due to long-standing cerebral hypoperfusion resulting from severe heart disease, whereas cyclosporine does not account for such functional alterations.

Download full-text


Available from: Ugolino Livi, Oct 16, 2014
  • Source
    • "In addition, a reduction in gray matter volume is seen in areas such as the parahippocampal gyrus, cingulate gyrus, and frontal cortex (Woo, Macey, Fonarow, Hamilton, & Harper, 2003). HF patients also exhibit functional brain changes, demonstrating a 19–30% decrease in cerebral perfusion (Choi et al., 2006; Gruhn, et al., 2001), with notable reductions seen in the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes (Alves, et al., 2005; Burra et al., 2002; Vogels, et al., 2008). In addition, there is evidence to suggest that even transient periods of reduced cerebral blood flow can have a negative effect on cognition. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cognitive impairment is common among individuals with heart failure (HF), but the exact nature of these impairments remains unclear. The current study examined 140 older adults with heart failure and sought to determine whether there are distinct cognitive profiles using a cluster analytic approach. Results indicated three unique profiles comprising individuals who were cognitively intact, memory impaired, and globally impaired. Clusters differed on several important demographic and clinical characteristics. These findings suggest that cognitive impairment in persons with HF is more heterogeneous than commonly believed and has important implications for treatment recommendations.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neurologic complications are common after solid organ transplantation and are associated with significant morbidity. Approximately one-third of transplant recipients experiences neurologic alterations with incidence ranging from 10% to 59%. The complications can be divided into such of those common to all types of transplant and others of those specific to transplanted organ. The most common complication seen with all types of transplanted organ is neurotoxicity attributable to immunosuppressive drugs, followed by seizures, opportunistic central nervous system (CNS) infections, cardiovascular events, encephalopathy and de novo CNS neoplasms. Amongst immunosuppressants, calcineurin inhibitors are the main drugs involved in neurotoxicity, leading to complications which ranges from mild symptoms, such as tremors and paresthesia to severe symptoms, such as disabling pain syndrome and leukoencephalopathy. Neurologic complications of liver transplantation are more common than that of other solid organ transplants (13-47%); encephalopathy is the most common CNS complication, followed by seizures; however, central pontine myelinolysis can appear in 1-8% of the patients leading to permanent disabilities or death. In kidney transplanted patients, stroke is the most common neurologic complication, whereas cerebral infarction and bleeding are more typical after heart transplantation. Metabolic, electrolyte and infectious anomalies represent common risk factors; however, identification of specific causes and early diagnosis are still difficult, because of patient's poor clinical status and concomitant systemic and metabolic disorders, which may obscure symptoms.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2009 · Transplant International
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and particularly heart failure (HF) have been associated with cognitive impairment in cross-sectional studies, but it is unclear how cognitive impairment progresses over time in older adults with these conditions. The aim of this study was to prospectively examine cognitive function in patients with HF versus other forms of CVD. Seventy-five older adults (aged 53-84 years) with CVD underwent Doppler echocardiogram to evaluate cardiac status and 2 administrations of the Dementia Rating Scale (DRS), a test of global cognitive functioning, 12 months apart. Although DRS performance did not statistically differ between groups at either administration, a significant between-group difference in the rate of cognitive change emerged (lambda = 0.87; F = 10.50; P = .002; omega 2 = 0.11). Follow-up analyses revealed that patients with HF improved significantly on global DRS performance, whereas patients with other forms of CVD remained stable. More specifically, patients with HF showed improvement on subscales of attention, initiation/perseveration, and conceptualization. Exploratory analyses indicated that higher diastolic blood pressure at baseline was associated with improved DRS performance in patients with HF (r = 0.38; P = .02). Patients with HF exhibited modest cognitive improvements during 12 months, particularly in attention and executive functioning. Higher diastolic blood pressure at baseline was associated with improvement. These results suggest that cognitive impairment in patients with HF may be modifiable and that improved blood pressure control may be an important contributor to improved function. Further prospective studies are needed to replicate results and determine underlying mechanisms.
    Full-text · Article · May 2009 · The Journal of cardiovascular nursing
Show more