A Single Amino Acid Exchange Inverts Susceptibility of Related Receptor Tyrosine Kinases for the ATP Site Inhibitor STI-571
The tyrosine kinase inhibitor STI-571 potently blocks BCR-Abl, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) alpha- and beta-receptors, and c-Kit kinase activity. Flt3, a receptor tyrosine kinase closely related to PDGF receptors and c-Kit is, however, not inhibited by STI-571. Sequence alignments of different kinases and indications from the crystal structure of the STI-571 Abl kinase complex revealed amino acid residues that are probably crucial for this activity profile. It was predicted that Flt3 Phe-691 in the beta5 strand may sterically prevent interaction with STI-571. The point mutants Flt3 F691T and PDGFbeta-receptor T681F were constructed, and kinase assays showed that the Flt3 mutant but not the PDGFbeta-receptor mutant is inhibited by STI-571. Docking of STI-571 into computer models of the PDGFbeta-receptor and Flt3 kinase domains and comparison with the crystal structure of the STI-571 Abl kinase complex indicated very similar binding sites among the three nonphosphorylated kinases, suggesting corresponding courses of their Asp-Phe-Gly motifs and activation loops. Accordingly, we observed reduced sensitivity of preactivated compared with nonactivated PDGFR-beta for the inhibition by STI-571. Courses of the activation loop that collide with STI-571 binding explain its inactivity at other kinases as the insulin receptor. The binding site models of PDGFR-beta and Flt3 were applied to predict structural approaches for more selective PDGFbeta-receptor inhibitors.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.