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Available from: Antonio Bode, Apr 04, 2014
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    • "Reviews of recent oil spills (Serret et al. 2003; Chiau 2005; Chapman et al. 2007; Cheong 2010), show that (implementation of) supportive tools still need to be improved. For example, in the incident with the oil tanker Natuna Sea, causing a spill estimated at 7000 tons of highly viscous crude oil in the Singapore Straits in 2000, dispersant was applied to thick oil patches around the stricken vessel without the knowledge that the oil was not amenable to chemical dispersion (Chapman et al. 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: Oil spills, for example those due to tanker collisions and groundings or platform accidents, can have huge adverse impacts on marine systems. The impact of an oil spill at sea depends on a number of factors, such as spill volume, type of oil spilled, weather conditions, and proximity to environmentally, economically, or socially sensitive areas. Oil spilled at sea threatens marine organisms, whole ecosystems, and economic resources in the immediate vicinity, such as fisheries, aquaculture, recreation, and tourism. Adequate response to any oil spill to minimize damage is therefore of great importance. The common response to an oil spill is to remove all visible oil from the water surface, either mechanically or by using chemicals to disperse the oil into the water column to biodegrade. This is not always the most suitable response to an oil spill, as the chemical application itself may also have adverse effects, or no response may be needed. In this article we discuss advantages and disadvantages of using chemical treatments to reduce the impact of an oil spill in relation to the conditions of the spill. The main characteristics of chemical treatment agents are discussed and presented within the context of a basic decision support scheme.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2012 · Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
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    • "There were further massive oil spills associated with the wreck, but only the fuel spilled during the first days entered the Bay of Biscay (Figure 1; García-Soto, 2004; Balseiro et al., 2003), to impact over more than 1000 km of shoreline on the Cantabrian Coast during 5– 6 December 2003. Wind forcing, in combination with the Iberian Poleward Current (IPC, sometimes also referred to as 'Navidad': García-Soto et al., 2002; Llope et al., 2006), were soon blamed as dispersal vectors by many scientists within the Spanish marine science community on the basis of accumulated oceanographic knowledge (Serret et al., 2003; see also Fernández, 2003). When present, the IPC flows along the continental slope, northward along the west Iberian coast (Portugal and Galicia) and then eastward along the northern Spanish coast (Frouin et al., 1990; Haynes & Barton, 1991; Figure 1). "
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    ABSTRACT: Following the accident of the oil tanker ‘Prestige’, we surveyed the large scale fuel deposition patterns on the Cantabrian shore (northern Spain) covering three regions (from west to east): (i) Asturias, west of Cape Peñas (24 segments surveyed); (ii) Asturias, east of Cape Peñas (33 segments surveyed); and (iii) Cantabria (also east of Cape Peñas, 256 segments surveyed). Fuel arrived to the Cantabrian Coast as a single oil wave which was more intense to the east than to the west of Cape Peñas. The mean percentage of coast length affected was 25, 41 and 15% in western Asturias, eastern Asturias and Cantabria, respectively. However, less than 10% of the substrate was covered by fuel in oiled patches, thus the impact was moderate. We conclude that these patterns are consistent with fuel transport by the Iberian Poleward Current, a hydrographic feature typical of this region during winter.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2008 · Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK
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    • "This website was later ''institutionalised'' by the University of Vigo itself, curiously, when the need for it and its relevance had declined. Moreover, 422 Spanish marine scientists from all types of institutions published a letter in the journal Science [9] "
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    ABSTRACT: The role of the Spanish scientific community in the initial assessment of the environmental and socioeconomic damages caused by the Prestige oil spill is analysed. A discussion of the reasons for the failures in the response of the scientific community is presented, highlighting that despite the existence of adequate human capital and infrastructures, failures were related to the weakness of the structures and organisational capacity of the scientific institutions and the public administration. Some developments for an effective response to future catastrophes are proposed: (1) oceanographic and ecological models, including scientific and local knowledge; (2) management systems for scientific information; (3) organisational and incentive systems to allow the creation of temporary, large and well-organised multidisciplinary teams; (4) protocols for rapid, "real-time", damage assessments; and (5) participation of different social groups (NGOs, fishers' organisations, aquaculture industry or volunteer groups) in plans for the assessment and management of crises.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2006 · Marine Policy
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