A Synthesis of Perceptions About Physical Activity Among Older African American and American Indian Women

Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA.
American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 4.55). 03/2003; 93(2):313-7. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.93.2.313
Source: PubMed


In this review of qualitative data from the Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study (CAPS), we synthesize the major findings of studies designed to identify minority women's perceptions of physical activity.
We interviewed 30 African American and 26 American Indian women with constant comparison techniques. We analyzed the data with a coding system developed from the data.
The women led active, busy lives. Most perceived physical activity as being good for them, identified constraints to time and space for physical activity, and wanted social support for physical activity. Sociocultural issues also were related to physical activity.
Both personal and cultural values influenced the women's physical activity behaviors.

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Available from: Karla A Henderson, Dec 18, 2013
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    • "Several studies focused on understanding the mechanisms involved in the aging process have demonstrated the importance of an active lifestyle at all stages of life. The adoption of physical exercise in the daily lives of elderly people has mainly focused on health promotion (Araujo and Ceolim, 2007; Häkkinen et al., 2010; Harris et al., 2009; Henderson and Ainsworth, 2003). The recommendation of exercise programs for seniors should seek to improve their neuromuscular fitness, with a focus on the prevention of falls and improvement of balance, posture, and cardiorespiratory fitness. "
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    ABSTRACT: The current study aimed to compare the effects of two exercise programs (Strength Training and Hydro Gymnastics) on the functional and cardiorespiratory abilities of Portuguese postmenopausal women. The study population consisted of 38 volunteers (age: 66.9 ± 6.1 years, body mass: 73.70 ± 10.38 kg, and body height: 1.55 ± 0.10 m). Subjects were randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group: one group performed 24 weeks of strength training (GST; n = 14), another performed 24 weeks of hydro gymnastics (GH; n = 17) and a control group (CG; n = 7), where the subjects continued with their regular daily activities without involvement in any physical exercise program. Three assessments were performed: before the beginning of the program, 12 weeks after the start of the training program and 24 weeks after the start of the program. To assess the functional ability of the participants, several tests proposed by Jones and Rikli (2002) were performed. To evaluate the cardiorespiratory ability of the participants, a modified treadmill Bruce test was applied. Significant differences (p<0.05) were found between the two training methods in the tests, which primarily demanded muscular strength. Body mass and the body mass index showed significant differences during the three stages of assessment in the GST group (p<0.05). With respect to the values that represent the variables of cardiorespiratory ability, positive and significant changes were observed in the two experimental groups. It was concluded that both exercise programs promoted improvements in some indicators of the functional and cardiorespiratory abilities of Portuguese postmenopausal women.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Journal of Human Kinetics
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    • "Intrapersonal constraints were examined in different investigations. Most of them showed that women's ethic of caring family and relatives (Bialeschki, Michener, 1994; Henderson, Ainsworth, 2001; Herridge, Shaw and Mannel, 2003; Arab-Moghadam, Henderson and Sheikholeslami; 2007, the selfesteem , embarrassment, social attitude, and fear of violence are very important factors that constraint women's participation in leisure activities, especially sports (Lafrance et al., 2000; Wiley et al., 2000; Carr, 2000). Few studies have focused on factors that could be considered interpersonal constraints on women's leisure. "
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research is to examine the constraints that prohibit Iranian women who live in Tehran to participate in sport activities during their leisure time. The three-dimensional leisure constraints based on the Jackson, Crawford and Godbey's (1993) Leisure Constraints Model, was used as the theoretical frame work for the study. The sample consisted of 1263 women who lived in Tehran city. The instrument of this research was a questionnaire which was designed to measure three types of constraints to sport participation: 1) structural, 2) interpersonal and 3) intrapersonal. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire was approved. The results suggested that the subjects were constrained most by structural factors and this result is very different from what the original model claimed about the intrapersonal factors as being at the first place in the hierarchical model.
    Full-text · Dataset · Jul 2013
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    • "A detailed interviewer-administered, semi-quantitative questionnaire adapted from the Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study [15,16] was used to collect physical activity, including leisure, household, work, and transportation activities at baseline. The questionnaire was developed using extensive qualitative research [17] and physical activity records [15]. For each type of activity queried, participants were asked (a) whether they engaged in an activity during a typical week in the past month and (b) how many days per week and hours/minutes per day they did the activity. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Due to the inconsistent findings of prior studies, we explored the association of perceived safety and police-recorded crime measures with physical activity. Methods The study included 818 Chicago participants of the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis 45 to 84 years of age. Questionnaire-assessed physical activity included a) transport walking; b) leisure walking; and c) non-walking leisure activities. Perceived safety was assessed through an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Police-recorded crime was assessed through 2-year counts of selected crimes (total and outdoor incivilities, criminal offenses, homicides) per 1000 population. Associations were examined using generalized estimating equation logistic regression models. Results Perceiving a safer neighborhood was positively associated with transport walking and perceiving lower violence was associated with leisure walking. Those in the lowest tertile of total or outdoor incivilities were more likely to report transport walking. Models with both perceived safety and police-recorded measures of crime as independent variables had superior fit for both transport walking and leisure walking outcomes. Neither perceived safety nor police-recorded measures of crime were associated with non-walking leisure activity. Conclusions Perceived and police-recorded measures had independent associations with walking and both should be considered in assessing the impact of neighborhood crime on physical activity.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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