Endoscopic, Deep Mural Implantation of Enteryx for the Treatment of GERD: 6-Month Follow-up of a Multicenter Trial

ArticleinThe American Journal of Gastroenterology 98(2):250-8 · February 2003with6 Reads
Impact Factor: 10.76 · DOI: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2003.07291.x · Source: PubMed


    This prospective, multicenter, single-arm study evaluated the safety and efficacy of the endoscopic implantation of Enteryx, a biocompatible, non-biodegradable liquid polymer for the treatment of GERD.
    Eighty-five patients with heartburn symptoms responsive to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use were enrolled. Inclusion requirements were HRQL score < or = 11 on PPI and > or = 20 off PPI, and 24-hour PH probe with > or = 5% total time at PH < or = 4. Patients with a hiatus hernia > 3 cm, grade 3 or 4 esophagitis, or esophageal motility disorder were excluded. Using a 4-mm needle tipped catheter during standard endoscopy, implants were made in 3-4 quadrants deep into the wall of the cardia. Use of PPI medications, pH-metry, manometry, GERD symptoms, and patient quality of life were assessed over a 6-month follow-up period.
    At 6 months, PPI use was eliminated in 74% and reduced by > 50% in 10% of patients. The median HRQL score improved from 24.0 pre-implant (baseline off PPIs) to 4.0 at 6 months (p < 0.001). Mean total esophageal acid exposure time was 9.5% pretherapy and 6.7% at 6 months (p < 0.001). Mean LES length increased from 2.0 cm at baseline to 3.0 cm posttherapy (p = 0.003). There were no clinically serious adverse events. Transient mild-to-moderate chest pain commonly occurred after implantation.
    The endoscopic implantation of Enteryx is a safe and effective therapy for eliminating or decreasing the need for PPI medications, improving GERD symptoms and patient quality of life, and decreasing esophageal acid exposure among patients suffering from GERD.