Diagnosis and management of unexplained infertility: An update

The Egyptian IVF-ET Center, 3 Street 161, Hadayek El-Maadi, Maadi, Cairo 11431, Egypt.
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Impact Factor: 1.36). 03/2003; 267(4):177-88. DOI: 10.1007/s00404-002-0300-0
Source: PubMed


Unexplained infertility constitutes around 15% of patients presenting with infertility. A lack of agreement exists among infertility specialists with regard to the diagnostic tests to be performed and their prognostic value as well as criteria of normality. It seems that serum progesterone for detection of ovulation, hysterosalpingography and or laparoscopy for tubal patency and semen analysis are the basic tests for diagnosis of unexplained infertility. Expectant treatment is the option of choice for young patients with short period of infertility. The spontaneous pregnancy rate is very high in this group of patients. The world literature have shown that controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and intrauterine insemination (COH and IUI) is an effective treatment of unexplained infertility. According to the available data, this procedure could be limited to three trials. There is evidence that both COH and IUI are important independent positive factors in achieving better pregnancy rate in unexplained infertility. If the above measures fail to achieve pregnancy, GIFT or IVF/ICSI could be performed as it yields a high pregnancy rate.

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