The whole blood and plasma viscosity changes in course of acute myocardial infarction
The whole blood and plasma viscosity changes in course of acute myocardial infarction were examined. The examination were performed at the beginning of acute phase of myocardial infarction (period 1), at second to third day (period 2) and after about 10 days of infarction episode (period 3). 77 patients (mean age 56.8 +/- 9.8 years) suffered from myocardial infarction were examined. The whole blood viscosity at following shear rates [s-1]: 0.116; 1.0; 4.59; 150 and plasma viscosity were performed. Besides the viscometric examinations the total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose and fibrinogen as well as blood morphology and ESR were determined. All rheological measurements were carried out at the temperature of 37 degrees C immediately after blood drawing. The control group consisted of 110 healthy persons (aged 56.6 +/- 10 years). Some persons of control group have got risk factors of atherosclerosis as: obesity, artery hypertension and cigarette smoking. The following additional parameters were investigated: hematocrit, the artery pressure, the body mass index, total cholesterol concentration, serum LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, fibrinogen and blood morphology. The corrected whole blood viscosity was adjusted to 45% of hematocrit. It was stated that the native whole blood viscosity was disturbed at all periods of disease. The corrected whole-blood viscosity in all periods of acute myocardial infarction comparing with controls increased. The greatest rise of corrected whole blood viscosity was especially observed in second period of acute myocardial infarction. Plasma viscosity in patients with acute myocardial infarction is increased in all periods. The greatest rise of plasma viscosity was in second period of disease. The rheological blood and plasma disturbances were connected with increase of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and fibrinogen. These disturbances of blood and plasma viscosity may play a role in promoting myocardial infarction factors.
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