Solitary fibrous tumors in the central nervous system: A clinicopathologic review of 18 cases and comparison to meningeal hemangiopericytomas
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the central nervous system are rare neoplasms that usually present as dura-based masses and clinically resemble meningiomas. Histologically, they can be similar to fibrous meningioma or hemangiopericytoma (HPC). In particular, densely cellular regions seen in some SFTs can be indistinguishable from HPC. Little is known about the biological behavior of SFTs, although most seem amenable to total resection.
To define the clinicopathologic spectrum of SFTs in the central nervous system and to outline their differences from HPC and meningioma.
We present the clinicopathologic features of 18 patients with SFT and compare them with those of an age- and sex-matched cohort of HPCs.
Eleven SFTs were supratentorial, 3 were infratentorial, and 4 were intraspinal. Four of the 18 tumors were intra-axial (2 in the lateral ventricles and 2 within the spinal cord). Histologically, SFTs were similar to their soft tissue counterparts. Six tumors (6/18) had densely cellular regions, and 1 tumor showed frankly anaplastic features. All but 3 patients underwent gross total resection, and there were no metastases or tumor-related mortalities during the median follow-up of 40 months. In contrast, there were 15 local recurrences (83%), 5 extracranial metastases (27%), and 4 tumor-related deaths (22%) in the HPC cohort.
Our study presents the clinicopathologic features of SFT as a distinct entity from both meningioma and HPC. We also present unusual examples of anaplastic, intraventricular, and intramedullary spinal SFTs that expand the clinicopathologic spectrum of these uncommon and sometimes diagnostically difficult neoplasms.
Available from: Prof. Dr. Giovanni Tuccari
- "SFT, HPC and meningioma show overlapping radiological aspects . In addition, both SFT and meningioma present in the same age group and show a strong female predominance  . "
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ABSTRACT: A number of meningeal neoplastic lesions may radiologically and clinically simulate meningioma. In the present paper, we review meningeal non-meningothelial tumors which may also mimic different histotypes of meningioma at the histological examination. Awareness that these lesions exist may facilitate their recognition and correct diagnosis, which is of fundamental importance for prognosis and an appropriate therapeutic approach. Histological and immunohistochemical clues for the differential diagnosis are discussed.
Available from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
- "Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) were originally described in pleura and subsequently in soft tissue and many other organs including the central nervous system. SFTs of the central nervous system are rare entities, usually presenting as dura-based masses predominantly in the posterior fossa and spinal region . SFTs are composed of spindle cells in a collagenized stroma with characteristic immunohistochemical features: diffuse and strong reactivity to CD34, positive for vimentin, and often immunoreactive to CD99 and Bcl-2 . "
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ABSTRACT: Solitary fibrous tumors of the central nervous system usually present as dura-based masses and clinically resemble meningiomas. There are very few reported cases of intra-ventricular solitary fibrous tumors, particularly in the fourth ventricle.
Our patient was a 52-year-old African-American man, who presented to our facility with a two-month history of progressive weakness and numbness in all extremities. A computed tomography scan and brain magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a homogeneous, avidly enhancing 4.5 × 3.7 × 2.7cm fourth ventricular mass, with compression of adjacent medulla and cerebellum and extension into the foramen of Luschka. Our patient underwent a suboccipital craniotomy and resection of the tumor. A histological examination showed a spindle cell neoplasm with prominent collagenized stroma. The neoplastic cells were strongly and diffusely positive for CD34, vimentin and Bcl-2, and negative for S-100, CD99 and epithelial membrane antigen. The molecular immunology Borstel-1 (MIB-1) proliferation index was low (1%). CD31 immunostain highlighted the endothelial cells but the spindle cells were negative. Reticulin stain demonstrated a moderate reticulin network but individual cells were not invested by reticulin fibers. The histological features and immunoprofile was consistent with a solitary fibrous tumor.
In the central nervous system, solitary fibrous tumors are usually indolent tumors, with only rare examples showing hypercellularity and increased mitotic activity; features that were absent in our patient's case. We present an uncommon central nervous system neoplasm in a rare location. Although uncommon, solitary fibrous tumors should be included in the differential diagnosis of intra-ventricular tumors in adults.
Available from: Michael Benoit
- "Therefore, the most important prognostic marker of SFTs is the extent of surgical resection rather than histologic appearance. Local recurrences have been reported, but only when an incomplete resection was achieved. From this perspective, complete surgical treatment seems to be sufficient in most cases, and it would seem that there is no need for post-surgery adjuvant treatments such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy in the management of SFTs. "
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ABSTRACT: We report the case of a bifrontal solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) arising from the meninges. The points of interest in this case report are the particular imaging appearance, the immunohistochemical findings and the surgical features.
A 53-year-old Caucasian male presented with a 1-year history of behavioral changes, attention disorders and anterograde memory disorders. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a bifrontal heterogeneous lesion attached to the anterior falx cerebri with a prominent multicompartmental cystic part. The patient underwent craniotomy for a sub-total resection of the tumor. At surgery, the multicystic component was highly vascularized and encased the anterior cerebral arteries. Neuropathological findings were consistent with a solitary fibrous tumor. Despite the absence of malignant features, there was a focal expression of p53.
SFT is a pathological entity with specific immunohistochemical features; it has frequently been misdiagnosed in the past. The multicystic imaging appearance of this SFT and the particular p53 immunohistochemical staining are features that should be added to the growing data on intracranial SFTs. The surgical features described (high vascularization and partial vessel encasement) may help improve surgical planning.
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