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Family Resilience: A Framework for Clinical Practice

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Abstract

This article presents an overview of a family resilience framework developed for clinical practice, and describes its advantages. Drawing together findings from studies of individual resilience and research on effective family functioning, key processes in family resilience are outlined in three domains: family belief systems, organizational patterns, and communication/problem-solving. Clinical practice applications are described briefly to suggest the broad utility of this conceptual framework for intervention and prevention efforts to strengthen families facing serious life challenges.
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Family resilience: A framework for clinical practice
Froma Walsh
Family Process; Spring 2003; 42, 1; Research Library Core
pg. 1
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... Recently, Gómez-Muzzio and Muñoz-Quinteros (2013) made an important effort to develop and validated a positive parenting scale, divided in four parental competences. This four competences are bonding, formative, protective and reflexive competences, which have their roots in the intersection of three robust theoretical frameworks that will be briefly presented below: ecological human development (Bronfenbrenner 1979(Bronfenbrenner , 2005, attachment theory (Bowlby 1969;Cassidy and Shaver 1999) and family resilience (Walsh 2015(Walsh , 2003. ...
... Family resilience is defined as the family ability to withstand and rebound from disruptive life challenges. According to the author (Walsh 2003), nine key processes are necessary to develop family resilience: (1) make meaning of adversity, (2) positive outlook, (3) transcendence and spirituality, (4) flexibility, (5) connectedness, (6) social and economic resources, (7) clarity, (8) open emotional expression and (9) collaborative problem-solving. COVID-19 is a perfect example of a disruptive life challenge, and so, family resilience a good asset. ...
... Finally, daily life motives understood as positive or negative perception on daily events might also be related with positive parenting. Positive outlook is a key process to foster family resilience (Walsh 2015(Walsh , 2003, and it acts as a powerful force to overcome stressful situations. For that reason, we suggest that positive daily life motives will be related with positive parenting. ...
Chapter
We consider that it is totally necessary to understand not only whether positive parenting occurred during the health crisis, but also under which circumstances occurs. Understanding the antecedents of positive parenting in extraordinary times might shed new lights and avenues on future social and family policies. To understand the antecedents of positive parenting during COVID-19 times, this study draws on a sample of 583 Spanish parents, conducted during the State of Alarm in Spain (March- May 2020), where the country experienced a full lockdown.
... poprzez obcowanie z naturą lub sztuką) i/lub religijnego (np. poprzez modlitwę lub medytację) (Walsh 2003(Walsh , 2015(Walsh , 2020. Odporność rodzinna może być wzmacniana przez dodatkowe elementy, które zarówno chronią wspólnotę domowników przed stresorami, jak również służą jej członkom budowaniu poczucia wspólnoty, zaufania, spójności i szczęścia, m.in. ...
... 2021); • społecznym -głównie w postaci budowania wspólnoty rodzinnej m.in. poprzez system przekonań rodzinnych, procesy organizacyjne, mechanizmy komunikacyjne, wspólne spędzanie czasu (Walsh 2003(Walsh , 2015(Walsh , 2016b(Walsh , 2020Fuller i Huseth-Zosel 2020;Masten i in. 2021); • sytuacyjne -w szczególności uczenie adaptacyjnych sposobów radzenia sobie w stresujących okolicznościach (Fuller i Huseth-Zosel 2020); • sytuacyjne -hamowanie strategii zaradczych zwiększających ryzyko doświadczania stresu i/lub jego negatywnych konsekwencji (Masten i in. ...
... złości, a nie wściekłości), większej otwartości w wyrażaniu uczuć oraz ich bardziej świadomemu przeżywaniu; • preferowanie strategii radzenia sobie ze stresem przez udzielających wsparcia rodziców -osoby cechujące się wysokim poziomem koherencji częściej stosują strategie nakierowane na rozwiązanie problemu (w stosunku do strategii unikowych i/lub emocjonalnych), zaś jednostki z niskim nasileniem koherencji częściej wybierają strategie emocjonalne lub unikowe (Antonovsky 1995;Niewiadomska i Szczygielska 2005;Niewiadomska 2007). Przykładem budowania odporności rodzinnej, która przekłada się na jakość dostarczanego wsparcia rodzicielskiego jest propozycja Fromy Walsh (2003Walsh ( , 2015Walsh ( , 2020, polegająca na formowaniu wspólnych przekonań rodzinnych. W proponowanym ujęciu wspólne przekonania stanowią "serce i duszę" wspólnotowej odporności. ...
... Family resilience means the functioning of the family system in dealing with an adverse situation. Family resilience refers to the capacity of the family system to withstand and rebound from an adverse situation and become more strengthened and more resourceful (Walsh, 2003). In facing an adverse situation, the family approach and response are crucial for resilience. ...
... Toda familia generalmente cuenta con estrategias a implementar para manejar situaciones de estrés, como es la cohesión familiar que le permite solucionar los problemas de manera colaborativa, el sistema de creencias y la fe que la llevan a encontrar un significado a la adversidad, mantener una visión positiva y ser capaz de trascender a través de un sistema espiritual, los patrones de organización, que reflejan la flexibilidad en las rutinas, tareas, normas, valores y principios, el grado de conexión y los recursos sociales y económicos con los que cuenta la familia como las redes de apoyo, pero principalmente la comunicación que le permite la expresión abierta de sentimientos y emociones que viven sus miembros y que les ayuda a afrontar de la mejor manera posible el cambio. De ahí que las familias que implementan estrategias en sus dimensiones de vida, logran mejor sus metas, mantienen la armonía o salud familiar y logran sobrevivir (McCubbin et al., 2002;Walsh, 2003;Gómez, Kotliarenco, 2010). ...
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Introducción. De acuerdo al Marco de organización Sistémica, la salud familiar, es la experiencia de congruencia o armonía de la familia ante situaciones generadoras de ansiedad; resultado del equilibro del logro de sus metas y de las estrategias de comportamientos en sus dimensiones de vida. Objetivo. Conocer cuál es la percepción que tienen los integrantes de la familia de la salud familiar con el MOS. Metodología. Estudio descriptivo, correlacional, transversal, realizado en 638 integrantes de 212 familias aparentemente sanas de una comunidad de bajo desarrollo social, a quienes se les aplicó la EE-FF. Versión latina. Resultados. La edad promedio de los participantes fue de 14 a 92 años, el 68.1% fueron mujeres, el 88.7% fue población adulta, el 46.8% cuenta con un nivel educativo de primaria y el 98.2% son de religión católica. Predominó la familia nuclear (68.4%), el número de miembros por familia promedio fue de 4 a 5 (84%), el 38.2%. se encontró en la etapa del ciclo vital de familias con adolescentes y el 78.1% percibe una salud familiar adecuada. Conclusión. El Marco de Organización Sistémica de Friedemann (1995), permite estudiar la salud familiar con base en el logro de las metas y estrategias de la familia. Palabras clave: Familia, salud familiar.
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Family functioning, which indicates the quality of interaction between family members, includes emotional attachment to the family and adaptation to change. There are many variables such as sickness, death, poverty that threaten family functioning. If a disabled person is a member, family functioning is at risk and family members may have to adapt to new conditions. A healthy family functioning plays an important role in the psychological resilience that can be defined as the ability to adapt to changing conditions and can help family members develop psychological resilience. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between psychological resilience and perceived family functioning of individuals in families with disabled members. The population of the research is composed of adults who live in Ankara and have a disabled member in their family. 141 adults selected by the purposive sampling method from the population constitute the sample of the research. The Family Assessment Device was used to measure the perceived family functioning of the participants and the The Resilience in Midlife Scale was used to measure the psychological resilience of the participants. Dependent variable of research is psychological resilience, independent variable is perceieved family functioning. Stepwise regression analysis was used to determine the effect of family functioning on psychological resilience. According to the results of stepwise regression analysis, subscales of communication and general functions are a significant predictor of psychological resilience. Therefore, if the psychological resilience of the individuals in families with disability members is to be increased, the family factor shouldn’t be ignored.
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