A Comparison of White-Collar Jobs in Regard to Mental Health Consultation Rates in a Health Care Center Operated by a Japanese Company
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-1, Iseigaoka, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu, 807-8555, Japan.Industrial Health (Impact Factor: 1.12). 05/2003; 41(2):117-9. DOI: 10.2486/indhealth.41.117
The aim of this study was to compare the consultation rates (CR) of workers performing several types of white-collar jobs. We collected data from the database inputted at the first consultation to a health care center from April 1996 to March 1999. We found that the CR of engineer group was 2.3 times higher than that of employees involved in research and development group. We speculate that this is partially due to the portion, which is not small, of computer systems engineer (SE) comprising this group; SE has previously been mentioned as a particularly stressful occupation in Japan. Since the result of this study is preliminary, we need to conduct a further study taking into account that multiple factors affect CR.
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ABSTRACT: This study attempted to clarify gender differences associated with mental health consultations at a health care center (X center) that services 40,638 (34,491 men and 6,147 women) workers and is operated by a Japanese company. Data from 940 subjects (790 men and 150 women) undergoing first-time consultation at the X center between April 1996 and March 2001 were collected from the database. After matching age (within 3 years) and occupation between the male and female groups by pairing, 58 men and 58 women were compared. There was no difference in work inefficiency and diagnosis between the two groups, but the referral route of the first consultation differed significantly: males were more frequently self-referred. Fewer female than male patients were found to have work-related complaints. With regard to these work-related complaints, inadequate relationships, and especially conflicts with superiors, were found to be the most frequent cause among patients of both genders, although differences in the content of these complaints did exist.
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