A Brief History of Behavioral and Cognitive Behavioral Approaches to Sexual Offenders: Part 1. Early Developments
This is the first of two papers which briefly outline the development of behavioral and cognitive behavioral treatment of sexual offenders from the mid-1800s to 1969. We first consider the historic role of Sigmund Freud and note that a broad scientific interest in deviant sexual behaviour was well established by 1900. In the early to mid-20th century, two psychologies were prominent in the development of behaviorial approaches, those of John B. Watson and Alfred Kinsey. Behavior therapy for a variety of problems emerged in the 1950s and soon found application to deviant sexuality. The development of penile plethysmography helped to focus interest on deviant sexual preference and behavior. While nonbehavioral approaches to sexual offenders paralleled these developments, a combination of behavioral and cognitive behavioral treatments began to emerge in the late 1960s which ultimately developed into the approaches more commonly seen today.
Available from: David Axlyn Mcleod
- "As a result, Behaviorists view the optimal treatment for sexual deviance as reducing deviant responses to sexual stimuli (Grossman, Martis, & Fichtner, 1999). This perspective continues today in behavioral therapy that focuses on the reduction of arousal to deviate images or acts (Marshall, Jones, Ward, Johnston, & Barbaree, 1991; Marshall & Laws, 2003). "
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ABSTRACT: This article provides historical and contemporary perspectives on female sexual offending behavior, divided into three sections. The first section provides background context including incidence, prevalence, and mediating factors in female sex offender (FSO) behavior. The second section overviews the evolution of theories used for understanding the etiology of FSO behaviors including psychodynamic, behaviorist, and trauma-informed perspectives. This discussion includes each theory’s background, key concepts, and application to understanding FSO behavior. The final section focuses on lessons learned from this analysis of theoretical thought on FSO etiology and the state of FSO etiology science today.
- "Toutefois, peu d'études recensées ont utilisé un échantillon composé de participants issus de la population générale (Benbouriche et al., 2012; Marshall et al., 2003; Muschang, 2007; Pervan & Hunter, 2007), de telle sorte que les différences suggérées sont généralement retrouvées entre les AAS sur enfant et les autres groupes de détenus. Ainsi, si l'étude de Marshall et al. (2003) indique que les AAS sur enfant présentent davantage de distorsions cognitives que les participants issus de la population générale, Pervan et Hunter (2007) et Benbouriche et al. (2012) n'ont trouvé aucune différence significative quant à la présence de distorsions cognitives entre un groupe de participants issus de la population générale composé d'étudiants et les AAS sur enfant. De manière plus inattendue, les résultats de Benbouriche et al. (2012) suggèrent également que les étudiants de leur échantillon présenteraient significativement plus de distorsions cognitives que les détenus non-AAS sur enfant. "
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ABSTRACT: With regard to the importance of cognitive distortions in child molesting, it remains critical to be able to assess cognitive distortions. To this purpose, the Abel and Becker Cognition Scale (Abel al., 1989) and the Molest Scale (Bumby, 1996) are commonly used. Through a review of standardized assessment of cognitive distortions, different limits regarding psychometrics properties and questionnaires' validity arise doubts about psychometric method's relevance. Implication and prospects are discussed.
Available from: Liam E Marshall
- "This issue was so central to early treatment approaches that Bond and Evans (1967) stated that once deviant sexual preferences were changed to normal preferences, treatment was essentially complete. This over-simplified view, however, was soon overturned as treatment providers began to expand the issues addressed in treatment (Marshall & Laws, 2003). "
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