Article

Miyata Y, Koga S, Kanda S, Nishikido M, Hayashi T, Kanetake HExpression of cyclooxygenase-2 in renal cell carcinoma: correlation with tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2, and survival. Clin Cancer Res 9: 1741-1749

Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
Clinical Cancer Research (Impact Factor: 8.72). 05/2003; 9(5):1741-9.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 plays an important role in tumor cell proliferation, resistance to apoptosis, angiogenesis, and invasion in various malignant tumors. However, the relationships between COX-2 expression and these biological processes, clinicopathological features, and survival rate in patients with renal cell carcinoma are not clear.
Tumor sections surgically removed from 131 patients were examined for COX-2 expression by immunohistochemistry. We also examined Ki-67 labeling index, apoptotic index, microvessel density, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 expression, and correlated COX-2 expression with various clinicopathological features and survival.
Of 131 sections, 70 (53.4%) were positive for COX-2 expression. COX-2 expression was associated significantly with various clinicopathological features, and correlated with the Ki-67 labeling index, microvessel density, and MMP-2 expression (P < 0.01), but not with the apoptotic index (P = 0.054). COX-2 expression was also identified as an independent risk factor for large tumor size (>7 cm) in multivariate logistic regression model. COX proportional hazards analysis showed that distant metastasis and high T stage were independent prognostic factors [odds ratio (OR), 9.41; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.16-41.11; P < 0.01 and OR, 5.19; 95% CI, 1.02-26.54; P = 0.048, respectively), whereas COX-2 expression was not (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 0.24-9.00; P = 0.68).
COX-2 expression in patients with renal cell carcinoma is associated with several clinicopathological factors, and appeared to play an important role in tumor cell proliferation and MMP-2 expression, but is not a significant prognostic factor.

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    Dataset: cox2

    Full-text · Dataset · Nov 2014
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    • "COX-2 is an enzyme which catalyzes the synthesis of prostaglandins from arachidonic acid. It has been also demonstrated that COX-2 is increased in RCC and plays an important role in the proliferation of malignant renal cells [32,33]. Our results also confirmed both HO-1 and COX-2 are upregulated in RCC patients and cell lines, but further evidence indicates MAT2A is negative correlation with HO-1, no COX-2. "
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    ABSTRACT: Methionine adenosyltransferase 2A (MAT2A) is an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) by joining methionine and ATP. SAMe is a methyl donor for transmethylation and has an important role for DNA and/or protein methylation. MAT2A is expressed widely in many tissues especially in kidney. Several studies have demonstrated that there are abnormal expressions of MAT2A in several kinds of cancers such as liver and colon cancers. But the relationship of MAT2A between renal cell carcinomas (RCC) is less understood. The mRNA expression level of the MAT2A gene was determined in 24 RCC patients and 4 RCC cell lines, using real-time quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The MAT2A protein content was measured by western blotting and immunohistochemical analysis in 55 RCC patients.The mRNA levels of heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were also analysized in patients using RT-PCR. The correlations between the MAT2A and HO-1 as well as COX-2 were analyzed with nonparametric Spearman method. MAT2A transcript was significantly downregulated in cancer tissues compared to normal tissues (P < 0.05). Immunohistochemical analysis and western blotting indicated that level of MAT2A protein was decreased in cancer tissues. The statistical analysis reveals a negative correlation between MAT2A and HO-1 expression in RCC patients and cell lines (P < 0.01). This study demonstrated that MAT2A was lower expression in cancer tissues, suggesting that it may be involved in the development of RCC. MAT2A is a transcriptional corepressor for HO-1 expression by supplying SAM for methyltransferases,which may be one of potential mechanism of MAT2A as tumor suppressor in kidney carcinogenesis.
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    • "Sections were counterstained using hematoxylin. Other methods were performed as described previously [13], [17], [18]. Briefly, we also evaluated VEGF-A, -C, and -D and COX-2 expressions in similar specimens using immunohistochemical techniques. "
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