Acute effect of hemodialysis on serum levels of the proinflammatory cytokines

Department of Biochemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, Gaziantep University, Medicine Faculty, 27310 Sehitkamil Gaziantep, Turkey.
Mediators of Inflammation (Impact Factor: 3.24). 02/2003; 12(1):15-9. DOI: 10.1080/0962935031000096935
Source: PubMed


Chronic inflammation is a common feature of end-stage renal disease, which carries a heightened risk of atherosclerosis and other co-morbid conditions. Dialysis treatment per se can bring additional risk factors for inflammation, such as increased risk of local graft and fistula infections, impure dialysate or bio-incompatible membranes. Our study was designed to determine whether a hemodialysis session leads to an acute substantial alteration in the plasma levels of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, the T-lymphocyte activation factor soluble IL-2 receptor (sIL-2R), and an inflammation mediator and chemotactic granulocyte factor, IL-8, in end-stage renal disease patients receiving chronic intermittent HD. In this study, 21 (12 male/nine female) patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis were enrolled. The acute effect of a hemodialysis session on serum cytokine concentrations was assessed by comparison of pre-hemodialysis and post-hemodialysis determinations. Serum IL-1β, sIL-2R, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α levels were determined with chemiluminescence enzyme immunometric assays.

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