Article

ΔNp63a functions as a positive and negative transcriptional regulator and blocks in vitro differentiation of murine keratinocytes

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, FDA, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
Oncogene (Impact Factor: 8.46). 07/2003; 22(23):3635-44. DOI: 10.1038/sj.onc.1206536
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

deltaNp63 is overexpressed in squamous carcinomas where it is associated with proliferation and is believed to enhance cell growth by blocking p53-mediated transactivation. In normal epithelium, deltaNp63alpha protein expression is abundant in basal cells and decreases with differentiation. To explore the biological consequences of deltaNp63alpha overexpression in relation to squamous carcinogenesis, we evaluated its effect on normal squamous differentiation and p53 transactivation function in keratinocytes. Forced overexpression of deltaNp63alpha in primary murine keratinocytes in vitro inhibits morphological differentiation induced by elevated extracellular [Ca(2+)], abrogates Ca(2)(+)-induced growth arrest, and blocks expression of maturation-specific proteins keratin 10 and filaggrin. This suggests that deltaNp63 overexpression in squamous carcinomas may serve to maintain the basal cell phenotype and promote cell survival. deltaNp63alpha blocks transactivation of p53 responsive reporter constructs mediated by endogenous or exogenous p53 at 17 h postinfection, as expected. However, at 41 h, when p53-mediated transactivation is diminished, deltaNp63alpha enhances transactivation of these reporter constructs by 2.2-12-fold over control. Maximal deltaNp63alpha-induced transactivation requires intact p53 responsive elements, but is independent of cellular p53 status. This positive transcriptional function of deltaNp63alpha appears to be cell-type specific, as it is not observed in primary dermal fibroblasts or Saos-2 cells. These findings support deltaNp63alpha as a master regulator of keratinocyte differentiation, and suggest a novel function of this protein in the maintenance of epithelial homeostasis.

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    • "In epidermal keratinocytes, DNp63, a p63 variant lacking the Nterminal transactivation domain, is dominantly expressed and plays a crucial role in regulating the differentiation of keratinocytes [4]. Experiments using inducible DNp63 knockout mice experiments revealed impaired keratinocyte differentiation and wound healing, suggesting DNp63 plays a fundamental role in http://dx.doi. "

    Full-text · Dataset · Nov 2014
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    • "In epidermal keratinocytes, DNp63, a p63 variant lacking the Nterminal transactivation domain, is dominantly expressed and plays a crucial role in regulating the differentiation of keratinocytes [4]. Experiments using inducible DNp63 knockout mice experiments revealed impaired keratinocyte differentiation and wound healing, suggesting DNp63 plays a fundamental role in http://dx.doi. "
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    ABSTRACT: In the epidermis, tight junction (TJ) structure is specifically located in the stratum granulosum, where the expression of ΔNp63, a p53 family transcription factor, is attenuated. Since the relationship between ΔNp63 and barrier function has not been fully uncovered, we assessed expression profiles of TJ proteins in skin tissues and cultured keratinocytes. The results showed that expression of ΔNp63 and that of claudin-4 were inversely correlated in healthy human epidermis. In vitro studies using HaCaT keratinocytes revealed functional relevance of ΔNp63 and claudin-4. Curiously, Toll-like receptor (TLR) -3 ligand, which is known to be liberated from damaged cells, suppressed ΔNp63 expression and concomitantly upregulated claudin-4 expression in primary keratinocytes. More interestingly, a broad expression pattern of claudin-4 was found in the epidermis of atopic dermatitis (AD), a barrier defect disorder, which contains ΔNp63-lacking keratinocytes as we reported previously. Therefore, upregulation of claudin-4 expression regulated by ΔNp63 might be associated with complementary or repair responses of damaged keratinocytes with AD.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    • "However, our observation agrees with the results of a study of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) where overexpression of ΔNp63α in the p63 null PDAC cell line PANC-1 did not induce apoptosis [30]. King et al. reported that overexpression of ΔNp63α in mouse keratinocytes maintained proliferation under conditions that normally induce growth arrest and differentiation [31]. "
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    ABSTRACT: ΔNp63, a splice variant of p63, is overexpressed and exhibits oncogenic activity in many cancers including pancreatic and breast cancer and promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis. Despite its role in tumorigenesis, mechanistic activity of ΔNp63 mediated oncogenic function in osteosarcoma is poorly understood. The expression levels of p63 isoforms in osteosarcoma cell lines were identified using quantitative techniques. Expression profiling using microarray, siRNA mediated loss-of-function, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were employed to identify novel ΔNp63α targets in p63-null osteosarcoma SaOS-2 cells that were engineered to express ΔNp63α. The phenotype of SaOS-2-ΔNp63α cells was assessed using wound-healing, colony formation, and proliferation assays. The comparative expression analyses identified ΔNp63α as the predominant p63 isoform expressed by invasive OS cell lines. Phenotypic analyses of SaOS-2-ΔNp63α cells in vitro indicate that ΔNp63α imparted tumorigenic attributes upon tumor cells. Further, we show that in osteosarcoma cells ΔNp63α directly regulated the transcription factor GLI2, which is a component of the hedgehog signaling pathway, and that functional interactions between ΔNp63α and GLI2 confer oncogenic properties upon OS cells. Here, we report that GLI2 is the novel target gene of ΔNp63α and that ΔNp63α-GLI2 crosstalk in osteosarcoma cells is a necessary event in osteosarcoma progression. Defining the exact mechanisms involved in this interaction that mediate the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma promises to identify targets for drug therapy.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · BMC Cancer
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