How Can Research Organizations More Effectively Transfer Research Knowledge to Decision Makers?

McMaster University.
Milbank Quarterly (Impact Factor: 3.38). 02/2003; 81(2):221-48, 171-2. DOI: 10.1111/1468-0009.t01-1-00052
Source: PubMed


Five questions--What should be transferred to decision makers? To whom should it be transferred? By whom? How? With what effect?--provide an organizing framework for a knowledge transfer strategy. Opportunities for improving how research organizations transfer research knowledge can be found in the differences between the answers suggested by our understanding of the research literature and those provided by research-organization directors asked to describe what they do. In Canada, these opportunities include developing actionable messages for decision makers (only 30 percent of research organizations frequently or always do this), developing knowledge-uptake skills in target audiences and knowledge-transfer skills in research organizations (only 20 to 22 percent frequently or always do this), and evaluating the impact of knowledge-transfer activities (only 8 to 12 percent frequently or always conduct an evaluation). Research funders can help research organizations take advantage of these opportunities.

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Available from: John N. Lavis, Jan 02, 2015
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    • "A concern with evidence for practice is associated with another development of significance for QR and teaching: the ascendance of practical, " actionable " knowledge over basic or pure knowledge. Here, we see the prioritization of research capable of producing knowledge of direct use to particular clinical or health system problems (Rossiter & Robertson, 2014;Sandelowski, 2004) and the emergence of " knowledge transfer " as a distinct specialization in the health research field (Lavis, Robertson, Woodside, McLeod, & Abelson, 2003). Emphasis on practical research has been used to justify a stepping back from theoretically driven or even theoretically informed QR. "
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    • "Others have explored the moral dimension of debates over harm reduction programmes for drug users (Keane, 2003; Rhodes et al, 2010). Lavis et al (2002), draw on literature from political science to identify ideas, interests, and institutions as key factors influencing the use of health services research in policy making (see also Lavis et al, 2003). Similarly, Smith (2013a) utilises both ideational and institutional theories to explain the use of evidence in recent UK health policy decisions. "
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