Bone involvement and abcess formation by neutrophil-rich CD30+anaplastic large-cell lymphoma mimicking skeletal infection in an AIDS patient
Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Hispalis, Andalusia, SpainJournal of Infection (Impact Factor: 4.44). 08/2003; 47(1):73-6. DOI: 10.1016/S0163-4453(03)00005-7
Neutrophil-rich CD30+ anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare pathological entity without distinct clinical behavior. Twelve cases of neutrophil-rich CD30+ anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) have been reported, three of them were HIV-infected patients. All these reports stressed the presence of neutrophil infiltration as a new morphologic feature of CD30+ ALCL. Only one case of cutaneous involvement presented with microabscess formation. We describe a case of neutrophil-rich CD30+ ALCL in an AIDS patient with a clinical picture determined by the massive neutrophil infiltration of the tumor without necrosis nor local infection, but with the formation of abscesses.
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ABSTRACT: We describe a 47-year-old male admitted with fever and extreme neutrophil granulocytosis (up to 80 x 10(9)/L). All microbiology tests and test for autoimmune disease were negative. CT scan showed pulmonary infiltrates bilaterally, mediastinal lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. Conventional pathological examination of bone marrow and lymph node biopsies did not demonstrate malignant cells and inflammatory disease was suspected. The patient died of multiorgan failure 23 days after admission. Autopsy showed neutrophil infiltration of several organs. Immunohistochemistry and cytogenetics postmortem led to a diagnosis of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) of T-cell lineage. Involvement of peripheral blood with leukemoid reaction is a rare manifestation of ALCL. This case emphasizes the importance of immunophenotyping in unexplained extreme granulocytosis.
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ABSTRACT: Cutaneous, neutrophil-rich anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is an uncommon variant of ALCL that may be confused with inflammatory dermatoses. We describe an eosinophil-rich variant of ALCL occurring on the left ear without systemic involvement. The lesion had inflammatory characteristics, which led initially to a histological diagnosis of an inflammatory process. Two months later, a second biopsy diagnosed eosinophil-rich variant of ALCL. The patient underwent radiation therapy, but due to the extensive deformation and mutilation of the ear, the patient elected to have the ear amputated. We discuss the clinicopathological findings and the differential diagnosis To the best of our knowledge, the occurrence of a cutaneous, eosinophil-rich variant of ALCL has not been previously reported. It is important to alert pathologists to this variant of ALCL so that this possibility may be considered in the early differential diagnosis of inflammatory cutaneous conditions.
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