Expression and identification of type 1 diabetes associated autoantigen IA-2

Shanghai Institute of Endocrinology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Second Medical University, Shanghai 200025, China.
Chinese medical journal (Impact Factor: 1.05). 05/2003; 116(4):524-8.
Source: PubMed


To obtain prokaryotic expressed IA-2 recombinant protein and to identify its immunological activity.
The complimentary DNA (cDNA) coding for the intracytoplasmic part of IA-2 (IA-2ic) was amplified from human fetal brain RNA, and was subcloned into the PinPoint Xa-1 T vector to construct recombinant expression plasmid, and was then expressed in E. coli JM109 cells as a fusion protein with a biotinylated peptide sequence at the aminoterminus. The biotinylated fusion protein was then purified by affinity chromatography and was subsequently dialyzed. Finally, its immunogenicity was evaluated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
The purified IA-2ic fusion protein resolved on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) as a single Coomassie brilliant blue stained band with a molecular weight of 59 kDa and its immunogenicity was confirmed by ELISA.
E. coli expressed IA-2ic fusion protein has immunological activity. It can be used for detection of IA-2 autoantibodies (IA-2A) and for further studies on type 1 diabetes in future.

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    ABSTRACT: To observe the relationship between erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) and autoantibodies-IgG/IgM (auto-Ab) on the membrane of erythropoietic cells of the patients with bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC)-Coomb's test(+) hemocytopenia (immunorelated pancytopenia (IRP)) and explore the probable autoantigens of auto-Ab in IRP. A total of 46 newly diagnosed IRP patients (15 with auto-Ab on erythropoietic cells and 31 without) and 18 healthy controls were enrolled. The EPOR expressions on their nuclear erythrocytes were tested with flow cytometry (FCM) to observe the relationship between EPOR and auto-Ab. EPOR mRNA was detected by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. Stat5 and P-Stat5 proteins in nucleated erythrocytes were measured by Western blot. EPOR expressions on nucleated erythrocytes membrane were re-tested after stripping autoantibodies with glycine buffer. (1) EPOR of auto-Ab(+) group (1.6% ± 0.9%)was significantly lower than that of auto-Ab(-) group (4.6% ± 4.1%, P < 0.01)and the latter was significantly higher than that of normal controls (2.3% ± 1.8%, P < 0.05). EPOR of IRP patients was inversely correlated with their auto-Ab (r = -0.543, P = 0.000). (2) EPOR mRNA of auto-Ab(+) group (0.68 ± 0.14)was significantly higher than that of auto-Ab(-) group (0.55 ± 0.12, P < 0.01) and normal controls (0.58 ± 0.12, P < 0.05). (3) Protein Stat5 of auto-Ab(+) group (1.45 ± 0.94) was significantly higher than that of normal controls (0.54 ± 0.36, P < 0.05). While P-Stat5 of auto-Ab(+) group (0.42 ± 0.18)was significantly lower than that of normal controls (0.85 ± 0.38, P < 0.05). (4) EPOR expression increased significantly after auto-Ab stripping. The auto-Ab of some IRP patients blocks or competitively inhibits EPOR on the membrane of erythropoietic cells. And EPOR may be one of autoantigens in IRP.
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