Deprotonation Sites of Acetohydroxamic Acid Isomers. A Theoretical and Experimental Study

Università di Pisa, Pisa, Tuscany, Italy
The Journal of Organic Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.72). 09/2003; 68(17):6535-42. DOI: 10.1021/jo0341564
Source: PubMed


Theoretical (ab initio calculations) and experimental (NMR, spectrophotometric, and potentiometric measurements) investigations of the isomers of acetohydroxamic acid (AHA) and their deprotonation processes have been performed. Calculations with the Gaussian 98 package, refined at the MP2(FC)/AUG-cc-pVDZ level considering the molecule isolated, indicate that the Z(cis) amide is the most stable form of the neutral molecule. This species and the less stable (Z)-imide form undergo deprotonation, giving rise to two stable anions. Upon deprotonation, the E(trans) forms give three stable anions. The ab initio calculations were performed in solution as well, regarding water as a continuous dielectric; on the basis of the relative energies of the most stable anion and neutral forms, calculated with MP2/PCM/AUG-cc-pVDZ, N-deprotonation of the amide (Z or E) structure appeared to be the most likely process in solution. NMR measurements provided evidence for the existence of (Z)- and (E)-isomers of both the neutral and anion forms in solution. Comparisons of the dynamic NMR and NOESY (one-dimensional) results obtained for the neutral species and their anions were consistent with N-deprotonation, which occurred preferentially to O-deprotonation. The (microscopic) acid dissociation constants of the two isomers determined at 25 degrees C from the pH dependence of the relevant chemical shifts, pK(E) = 9.01 and pK(Z) = 9.35, were consistent with the spectrophotometric and potentiometric evaluations (pK(HA) = 9.31).

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