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Najma Malik
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Objective: To discover the predicting role of body esteem and narcissism for social physique anxiety among adolescents. Study Design: Correlational study. Place and Duration of Study: 06 Different educational institutes of Bhalwal and Sargodha city, from Jul 2018 to Nov 2018. Methodology: Body Esteem Scale (BES), Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) and Hyper Sensitive Narcissism Scale were used to measure constructs of present study. Pearson coefficient analysis, linear regression and t-test were run to analyze data. Results: Result of Pearson correlation revealed that adolescents' body esteem had significant negative relationship with social physique anxiety and non-significant positive relationship with narcissism; however, narcissism had strong positive relationship with social physique anxiety. Linear regression showed that body esteem was significant negative whereas narcissism was significant positive predictor of social physique anxiety among adolescent boys and girls. Furthermore, t-test analyses revealed that adolescent girls had significantly low body esteem, high social physique anxiety and narcissism as compared to adolescent boys. However, differences regarding age and education levels were found to be non-significant. The implications, suggestions and limitations of study have also been discussed. Conclusion: Current study concluded that body esteem and narcissism are significant predictors of social physique anxiety among adolescents and this varies across gender.
Najma Malik
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Present study examined the impact of sexual harassment on self-esteem and job satisfaction among in-training nurses of four teaching hospitals/medical institutes i.e., Aziz Fatima Trust Hospital, Faisalabad, St. Rafeel's Hospital, Faisalabad, Combined Military Hospital, Lahore, and Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore. Data was collected from 120 female in-training nurses through Sexual Harassment Experience Questionnaire (Gelfand, Fitzgerald, & Drasgow, 1995), Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and Job Satisfaction Scale (Macdonalds & Maclyntyres, 1997). Results of the data through Pearson correlation and regression analysis revealed that sexual harassment was the significant predictor of low self esteem and low job satisfaction among in-training female nurses. Hierarchical regression revealed age as significant moderator in relationship between harassment and low self-esteem. Study results hold significant importance for mental health and HRM professionals for upgrading and maintaining the smooth work environment in medical health profession by initiating and implementing sexual harassment training, policies, and procedures to provide a safe, healthy work environment for in-training nurses.