Project

heavy metal contamination diagnosis

Goal: achieve the satisfying diagnostic accuracy based on hyperspectral images

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Project log

Teng Fei
added a research item
Accurate detection of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb)-induced cross-stress on crops is essential for agricultural, ecological environment, and food security. The feasibility to diagnose and predict Cd–Pb cross-stress in agricultural soil was explored by measuring the visible and near-infrared reflectance of rice leaves. In this study, two models were developed—namely a diagnostic model and a prediction model. The diagnostic model was established based on visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (VNIRS) datasets with Support Vector Machine (SVM), followed by leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV). A partial least-squares (PLS) regression, as the prediction model was employed to predict the foliar concentration of Cd and Pb contents. To accurately calibrate the two models, a rigorous greenhouse experiment was designed and implemented, with 4 levels of treatments on each of the Cd and Pb stress on rice. Results show that with the appropriate pre-processing, the diagnostic model can identify 79% of Cd and 85% of Pb stress of any levels. The significant bands that have been used mainly distributed between 681–776 nm and 1224–1349 nm for Cd stress and 712–784 nm for Pb stress. The prediction model can estimate Cd with coefficient of determination of 0.7, but failed to predict Pb accurately. The results illustrated the feasibility to diagnose Cd stress accurately by measuring the visible and near-infrared reflectance of rice canopy in a cross-contamination soil environment. This study serves as one step forward to heavy metal pollutant detection in a farmland environment.
Teng Fei
added a research item
This paper proposed an optimal spectral resolution for diagnosing cadmium-lead (Cd-Pb) cross contamination with different pollution levels based on the hyperspectral reflectance of rice canopy. Feature bands were sequentially selected by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA2) and random forests from the high-dimensional hyperspectral data after preprocessing. Then Support Vector Machine (SVM) was applied to diagnose the pollution levels using different feature bands combination with different spectral resolutions and cross validation was conducted to evaluate the distinguishing accuracies. Finally, the optimal spectral resolution could be determined by comparing the diagnosing accuracies of the optimal feature bands combination in each spectral resolution. In the experiments, the hyperspectral reflectance data of rice canopy with ten different spectral resolutions was captured, covering 16 pretreatments of Cd and Pb pollution. The experimental results showed the optimal spectral resolution was 9 nm with the highest average accuracy of 0.71 and relatively standard deviation of 0.07 for diagnosing the categories and levels of Cd-Pb cross contamination. The useful exploration provided an evidence for optimal spectral resolution selection to reduce the cost of heavy metal pollution diagnose.
Shuangyin Zhang
added a research item
The objective of this study was to explore the feasibility for rapid diagnosis of heavy metal Pb and Cd cross contamination in agricultural soil with hyperspectral image of rice plants. Several data pretreatment methods were applied to improve the diagnosis accuracy. The best diagnosis accuracy of SVM model were all above 75% for any none, low, medium and high concentration stress based on the spectral band of second derivative. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study identifying Pb and Cd cross contamination by using hyperspectral images. The results indicates that it is feasible to diagnose the Pb and Cd cross contamination in agricultural soils from observation of rice plants using hyperspectral image.
Shuangyin Zhang
added a project goal
achieve the satisfying diagnostic accuracy based on hyperspectral images