Archived project

euRobotics CA

Goal: Coordination Action organizing the European research program in Robotics
EC CORDIS description: https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/94217_en.html

Date: 1 January 2009 - 31 December 2012

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Project log

Christophe Leroux
added 2 research items
This document contains a description of legal issues in robotics together with a set of recommendations and some elements for a roadmap to overcome any problems we identified. The document is the result of one of the first transnational dialogues between the law community and the robotics community. It is meant to stimulate a debate on this topic. It constitutes a proposal for a green paper on legal issues in robotics. This report can also be taken as a guidebook for robotics developers to understand the basics of legal issues in robotics as well as for lawyers as a reference to matters that concern robotics and its development in Europe. The document describes the methodology used to analyse legal issues and explains the advantage of choosing a top down approach, starting from existing laws. We provide a set of definition and some elements to frame the context before analysing for each domain of law, what the issues that hinder the development of robotics in Europe are. We propose for each of the domains analysed a set of solution and roadmap elements. We propose some further investigations on IPR, labour law and non-contractual liability. After explaining the concept of electronic personhood, we also suggest some further investigation in order to study how this concept could be implemented. In addition to the domain dependant suggestions, we also propose more generic strategies like harmonizing European legislation in order to facilitate the emergence of robotics in Europe. We also support the idea of keeping a top down approach when analysing legal issues in order to address the widest spectrum of robotics applications. In order to increase the possibilities to change the current legal system for the better, we also support the idea to make links between robotics and other technological domains and avoid considering robotics as a unique, distinctive and separate technology.
This document is a contribution to provide some elements to understand and address the Ethical, Legal and Societal issues (ELS) in robotics. This document “Ethical and Legal and Societal issues in robotics” together with the annex document “suggestion for a green paper on legal issues in robotics” constitutes the deliverable D3.2.1 of euRobotics project The report represents the result of the effort undertaken in the project euRobotics [14] on ELS issues hindering the development of robotics in Europe. It includes sets of suggestions and a roadmap on ethical, legal and societal issues in robotics. The document does not explore all ELS issues. It is meant to stimulate and organize a debate on this topic. This document can also be taken as a guide book for robotics people to know basics on ethical, legal and societal issues in robotics as well as for, philosophers, lawyers, and people interested in societal matters as a reference to matters that concern robotics and its development in Europe. One major contribution of this document is the bringing together result of work already made in the domain in the past. Some specific additional effort was undertaken on legal issues in robotics which resulted in a “suggestion for a green paper on legal issues in robotics” available in a separate document. This deliverable focuses on analysing the issues specific to robotics. It makes a distinctive analysis of Ethical, Legal and Societal issues in robotics. We propose roadmaps and actions addressing specific issues and targeting specific communities: jurists, politicians, experts in social sciences, and robotics stakeholders. We also chose a top down approach starting from the concepts of Ethical, Legal and Societal issues to investigate the problems instead of studying issues one case study after the other. In the conclusions, the report recommends presenting clearly what are the values referred to when analysing Ethical issues. The report recommends relying on values presented in the Fundamental Charter of Human Rights when examining Ethical issues because this charter is founded on the indivisible, universal values. For law issues, we propose some further investigations on IPR, labour law and non-contractual liability. After explaining the concept of electronic personhood, we also suggest some further investigation in order to study how this concept could be implemented. Besides the domain dependant suggestions, we also propose more general tracks like harmonizing European legislation and regulations in order to facilitate the emergence of robotics in Europe. We also support the idea of keeping the top down approach when analysing ELS issues in order to address the widest spectrum of robotics applications. In its conclusion, the report recommends analysing the possibility to resituate ethical, legal and societal issues in a larger technological context than robotics in order to provide, as a result, more impacting solutions and to adopt and rely on already existing solutions. Making a link between robotics and other technological domains would lead to avoid considering robotics as a unique, distinctive and strange technology in order to make people trust robots and robotics. The report finally recommends working at providing guidelines to help robotics developers and experts analysing ELS issues,
Christophe Leroux
added a project goal
Coordination Action organizing the European research program in Robotics