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بازنمایی ادبی رویدادهای تاریخی در تذکره‌الاولیاء با تکیه بر روایت قتل حلاج

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Perlit Tabrizu
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The concept of representation and the ability of literary texts in representing historical events have been long focused in literary studies. The process of shaping narration in historical events should be considered in studying the historical anecdotes, the ones with the focus on historical characters or events that have presented the history in a different style by applying magical, miraculous or symbolic elements in representing historical happenings. Therefore presenting a new perspective to anecdotes of gnostic texts in order to clarify the process of inverting these events into story and making these characters literal will find special importance. The narration of Hussein Ebne Mansour Hallaj can be considered as a successful model of literary representation of one historical event and revival of one historical character in a gnostic text in which representing Attar’s destiny has been converted in to a single artistic effect apart from its historical aspect. In this text, following a reference to the place of representation concept in literary studies and analyzing the artistic representation of historical events, sorting and analysis of these anecdotes in Attar’s Tazkirat al- Awliya has been done through using a definition for historical narration. The result of this text reveals that Attar has tried to make clarifications about his targeted gnostic discourse by using historical events and converting them into series of literary anecdotes and narrations.