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المحيط الاطلسي في التراث الجغرافي العربي الاسلامي

Goal: بحث نشر في مجلة افاق الثقافة والتراث الاماراتية يتحدث عن كل ما كتب عن المحيط الاطلسي في كتب البلدان الجغرافية

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Abbas Massoady
added a research item
وصف بلاد العرب في القرن الخامس الهجري من خلال رحلة سفر نامة لناصر خسرو(ت481هـ/1088م). أ.م.د. عباس فضل حسين المسعودي أ.م.د.علي منفي شراد الحساني جامعة المثنى كلية التربية للعلوم الانسانية ،قسم التاريخ ملخص البحث: تعد الرحلات الجغرافية العربية الاسلامية معينا لا ينضب من المعلومات المتنوعة الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والسياسية لبلدان وأقاليم الدولة العربية الاسلامية في مختلف أدوارها التاريخية ،بفضل كون بعض أصحابها شهود عيان لما ورد ذكره في مدوناتهم الجغرافية، ناهيك عن الاهمية التاريخية لهذه الرحلات بكونها متنوعة زمانيا ومكانيا، مما أكسبها اهمية كبيرة للباحثين لما فيها من معلومات تاريخية غنية عن تغييرات سياسية واقتصادية وأجتماعية متفاوتة. ومن تلك الرحلات المهمة هي سفر نامة لناصر خسرو علوي المتوفى(481هـ/1088م)، والذي تنقل في رحلته بين المشرق الاسلامي الى مصر مرورا بالعراق، ومن ثم رحلته للحج في الديار المقدسة ووصفه الدقيق لكل ما شاهده في تلك البلاد من احداث ومشاهد خلدها في متن رحلته. وتعد بلاد العرب من أهم المناطق التي تحدث عنها ناصر خسرو في رحلته خاصة الحجاز ونجد وبعض المناطق في شرق شبه جزيرة العرب، وذلك لأهمية المنطقة الدينية والسياسية فضلا عن بعض الجوانب المعيشية للسكان،فقد وصف المدن التجارية والمؤاني وطرق الحج البري والبحري، فضلا عن وصف دقيق للاماكن الدينية الاسلامية المقدسة في الحجاز،وبعضا من شعائر الحج والعمرة فيها، كما انه وصف بعض الانشطة الاقتصادية والاجتماعية في بلاد العرب. الكلمات الدالة: ناصر خسرو ، سفرنامه ، مكة ،بلاد العرب، الحجاز، بلاد فارس. Description of the Arab countries in the fifth century AH through a travel trip to Nasir .Dr. Abbas Fadl Hussein Al-Masoudi . Dr. Ali exile Shrad al-Hassani Muthanna University College of Education for Humanities, Department of History abstract Arab-Islamic geographic trips are an inexhaustible source of diverse economic, social and political information for the countries and regions of the Arab Islamic State in its various historical roles, thanks to the fact that some of their owners witness to what is mentioned in their geographic blogs, not to mention the historical importance of these trips as being diverse in time and space, which earned it It is of great importance to researchers because of its rich historical information on varying political, economic and social changes. One of these important trips is the travel of Nasir Khusraw Alawi (d. 481 AH / 1088 AD), who traveled in his journey between the Islamic East to Egypt through Iraq, and then his pilgrimage in the Holy Land and described accurately all the events and scenes that he immortalized on board His journey. The Arab countries of the most important areas talked by Nasser Khosro in his trip, especially the Hijaz and Najd and some areas in the east of the Arabian Peninsula, because of the importance of religious and political area as well as some aspects of living of the population, he described the commercial cities and ports and land and sea pilgrimage routes, as well as an accurate description It also describes some of the economic and social activities in the Arab countries.
Abbas Massoady
added 2 research items
Said Abu Sa'eed Abdul-Mu'min is considered to be one of the most prominent leaders of Al-Mohadeen who contributed to the settlement of Al-Mohadeen in Morocco and al-Andalusia by his vital military, political and cultural role in this state. He is the son of the founder of the country. He spent all his life trying to settle down the state by different means. He was well-known by his military in various positions in Morocco and al-andalus in which he fought against the Spanish kingdoms and the Islamic powers allied with them, winning and losing the wars depending on the conditions in those positions. As far as the administration is concerned, he ruled different provinces of the state, especially Ceuta, cordova, and granada in which he proved to be able to govern and unite the lands of Al-Mohadeen State. As far as the cultural field is concerned, Abu Sa'eed supervised the building campaigns in the cities of al-Andalusia such as seville, badajoz, and Cordova. One of his major works was the building of the City of Al-Fateh on the slope of Jabel-Tariq which was the headquarters of the armies of Al-Mohadeen coming from Morocco to protect the country from the dangers of the enemies around al-Andalusia.
The research talk about the most important regions in the Andalus Sevilla in general and particularly in terms of economic importance and strategic location , size large and rich agricultural potential enormous endowed by God. Province of Honor overlooks the Sevilla and is an important part of them, famous for the cultivation of olives, grapes , figs, beekeeping, and olive is the most important agricultural crops exported from this region even been associated with this olive honor. Have disagreed geographers and historians in determining the length of the region and an area of real college, attributed this difference is due to differences in determining the terms that fired them on this region , such as the (County, darkening , mountain, crown) , which vary from historian to another. Was likely hear the word region for being applies to honor dramatically. As the political situation in this region during the study period were historical novels are very few , despite the length of time (92-668 e) (710-1269 AD) , due to the lack of events in the territory of honor for being the territory of agricultural primarily , but in fact has been taken by the headquarters of each of Sevilla is trying to control , because it is supervised and therefore has important military strategic importance.
Abbas Massoady
added 2 research items
تتحدث الدراسة عن التاريخ السياسي لمدينة مورور، منذ أن دخلت أرضها أقدام الفاتحين سنة92هـ/711م،حتى نهاية عصر الطوائف سنة 484هـ/1091 م،موضحة كثرة خيراتها وطيب ثمارها، واختلاف تركيبتها السكانية من العرب والبربر وان كان البربر هم الأكثر سكنا فيها. امتازت مورور بمعارضتها الدائمة للسلطة المركزية في قرطبة في مختلف العصور،بسبب ثورات بربرها المتكررة لأسباب متنوعة.كما أنها تعد من المدن الفقيرة في مجال أسهامها بالحركة الفكرية رغم وجود كثير من المؤهلات التي تساعدها في ذلك،مما يضع علامة استفهام كبيرة حولها. أما في عصر الطوائف فقد أصبحت مورور عاصمة لأمارة مستقلة بزعامة أسرة نوح الدمري من بربر زناتة، لم تستمر فيها لمدة طويلة حيث سقطت المدينة بيد حكام اشبيلية من بني عباد سنة458هـ/1065م. وعموما فان تاريخ مورور السياسي كان متنوعا بين الضمور وعدم الإسهام الفاعل في الأحداث السياسية في العصر الأموي ماعدا ثوراتها المتعددة،وبين بروزها الواضح في عصر الطوائف حين أصبحت عاصمة لأمارة الدمريين وان كانت ليس بنفس الأهمية والمكانة التي كانت عليه دول الطوائف الأخرى.
The research talk about the most important regions in the Andalus Sevilla in general and particularly in terms of economic importance and strategic location , size large and rich agricultural potential enormous endowed by God. Province of Honor overlooks the Sevilla and is an important part of them, famous for the cultivation of olives, grapes , figs, beekeeping, and olive is the most important agricultural crops exported from this region even been associated with this olive honor. Have disagreed geographers and historians in determining the length of the region and an area of real college, attributed this difference is due to differences in determining the terms that fired them on this region , such as the (County, darkening , mountain, crown) , which vary from historian to another. Was likely hear the word region for being applies to honor dramatically. As the political situation in this region during the study period were historical novels are very few , despite the length of time (92-668 e) (710-1269 AD) , due to the lack of events in the territory of honor for being the territory of agricultural primarily , but in fact has been taken by the headquarters of each of Sevilla is trying to control , because it is supervised and therefore has important military strategic importance.
Abbas Massoady
added a research item
With the help of God and with the success of it, we came to the conclusion of the research, after a difficult journey through the sources searching for any novel or phrase or word about gold as a metal and criticism and ornaments and jewels, trying as much as possible to come out with the outcome of acceptability of analysis and criticism of everything contained in the folds of research, without bias or prejudice, bearing in mind that our work within the academic standards known. The study came out with a number of results that can be summarized as follows : The gold and still have an unprecedented attention in the human heritage from time immemorial, to the extent of multiple names and varied names of qualities, which demonstrates the great impact that he left in the land, and the seriousness of its role in the life of humanity in the religious, social, political and economic, and the names of gold and attributes that exceeded (Sixty) a name that gives a clear indication of the extent of penetration of this metal in the cultural heritage Arab Islamic, and those names are launched on each case of gold or type of type or phenomenon is the gold, whether inside the mines or during extraction and then purified, Diversity of uses The gold was present in the verses of Paradise and the Supreme Paradise, which gives an indication of his loftiness and his high status among the metals to a degree that is capable of the parts of the faithful, Moreover, the verses of the Holy Quran were strongly addressed to address the dazzle of the people with this metal, to warn of its treasure and to disrupt its economic role, and considered it to adorn people's love in the life of the world, as gold was a demand that impeded his request to those who support and reject the prophecy and the messages of heaven. That prophecy The Prophet (peace be upon him) pointed to the danger of gold, and codified the fields of its uses on the scale of adornment, and urged people to spend it for the sake of God. The areas of prohibition, prevention, forbidding, and openness to some in the use of gold According to what is stated in the modern tone, which contributes to reducing the obsession of people with this precious metal, and the treatments of books of Islamic jurisprudence in its ()
Abbas Massoady
added a project goal
بحث نشر في مجلة افاق الثقافة والتراث الاماراتية يتحدث عن كل ما كتب عن المحيط الاطلسي في كتب البلدان الجغرافية