added a research item
World War I and the media entertainments & popular culture
H a r t (2 0 1 8) C o p y r i g h t Chapter 2 Remember Scarborough Re-Active Propaganda as Natural Ethics This chapter examines the morality of the German naval bombardment of seaside towns on the East coast of England in December 1914. It argues that while Hartlepool was a militarised town with Royal Navy vessels in its harbour and gun emplacements Scarborough and Whitby were not. Though Scarborough did have the wireless listening station nearby (a forerunner to GCHQ). Therefore, I make the argument using moral philosophy that the attacks on Scarborough and Whitby were war crimes. And that the attack on Hartlepool had no strategic value other than providing a morale boost for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy). I have provided a link to a chapter I published in a book - follow the link to read the chapter. My arguments, however, have not appeared in mainstream sources such as Wiki probably because they contract the official orthodoxy that 'this was war and what do you expect?'