[The article is published open access on the journal's website] The progress achieved in women’s rights and gender equality has become the target of a backlash driven by “anti-gender” activists and right-wing populists across EU member states. To a large extent, this conflict takes place in the digital and social media spheres, illustrating the new mediatized logic of value contestation. Therefore, we ask to what extent are the debates about gender equality on Twitter similar in three European countries, and how do users engage in these debates? We examine these questions by collecting Twitter data around the 2021 International Women’s Day in Germany, Italy, and Poland. First, we show that the debate remains nationally segmented and is predominantly supportive of gender equality. While citizens engage with the gender equality value online, they do so in a prevailingly acclamatory fashion. In contrast, political and societal actors show higher levels of engagement with the value and receive more interactions on Twitter. Our study highlights the relevance of national contexts to the analysis of (transnational) social media debates and the limited political engagement of citizens on Twitter across Europe. We also critically discuss the strengths and weaknesses of a cross-country social media comparison.
The past decade, solidarity issues have been at the heart of each of the EU’s major crises: the eurozone crisis, Europe's refugee influx, the Brexit disaster and, most recently, the Covid-19 pandemic. In each case, the essential question was: who will act in solidarity, with whom, to provide what help? Looking at each crisis from a solidarity perspective will help identify the crucial conflicts at the forefront of each. The absence of demonstrable solidarity, moreover, has implications for the current state of affairs and for the future of the European integration project.