The operating model on working capacity and productivity training
- Ilkka Väänänen
- Ahti Romo
- Anssi Mikkola
Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the health-related fitness and physical activity behavior of employees in machine and metal products industry as a baseline of the innovative Working Ability and Productivity Coaching (WAPC) project, where those two elements are not separate but interlinked issues and enhanced by physical activity counseling. Methods All together 183 employees from five metal industry sector SMEs participated to the measurements. Three components of health-related fitness were assessed including the body composition (BC), and muscle and cardiovascular fitness. The BC covered body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body fat percentage. Grip strength was measured with a dynamometer (Jamar) and the maximal oxygen uptake was predicted with a Polar OwnIndex Fitness Test. Daily physical activity was collected with questionary. The results are presented as means ± SD or percentages. Results There were 151 male and 32 female employees, who worked as the packers, dispatchers, benders, welders or office workers. Their mean age was 41.6 ± 12.0 and 48.2 ± 8.7 years, respectively. BMI was 27.6 ± 4.2 and 25.8 ± 4.0 kg·m2, waist circumference 97 ± 13 and 88 ± 4 cm, body fat percentage 24.1 ± 7.8 and 33 ± 8 %, respectively. Grip strength was 55 ± 8 and 33 ± 6 kg, and the maximal oxygen uptake 40 ± 10 and 30 ± 7 ml·min-1·kg-1. Only 8 % of them were daily aerobic active at moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes. Conclusions Because of physique and physical condition, many of the subjects belonged to a subgroup of reduced working capacity and increased health risks. Two out of three (69 %) were overweight (BMI > 25 kg·m2), and more than half had the waist circumference over the thresholds for abdominal obesity. In addition, several of the subjects had the muscle and cardiovascular fitness lower than recommendations, although the workload was physically demanding. This study demonstrated that there is a need of workplace health promotion interventions in Finnish machine and metal products industry, especially because the sector is male-dominated (87.8 %) and employees’ average age is high (42.2) in Finland. Funding Source: European Social Fund.