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Now we are thrown into an era of technology, we can't think of a step without technology. For English language learning it is not an exceptional issue. Technology is not a supplementary thing in this modern era rather it is essential and ubiquitous in the English language teaching-learning process. Due to COVID-19 Pandemic teaching-learning situation has taken a different track i.e. it shifts from the traditional path of teaching to technology-integrated teaching. This digital realm of English language learning for the amelioration of skills paved the way to amalgamate with the international arena. Technology-mediated learning can only be flourished and encouraged by the active participation of the teachers as well as the administrators and other authorities. The teacher should not be stuff of content knowledge rather a teacher should have Technological, Pedagogical and Content knowledge. For teaching the English language and inculcate skills technology has a great role, especially since this situation has made it mandatory to use technology conveniently. In the teaching-learning process, there are mainly four skills-reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Listening and reading are known as 'receptive skills' as it focuses on the product of reception by our five senses. The other two skills speaking and writing are known as productive skills. The four types of skills can be acquired the various tools. The present study highlights the various educational technologies to enhance the skills regarding reading, writing, speaking and listening in English Language learning.
Space is both conceptual and physical. My paper elucidates the ways in which conceptual space and physical space converge in order to serve the purposes of state apparatuses in the modernity that we inhabit, with close reference to literary and historical texts.
The present paper seeks to explain the role of guru in making the community that relates the formation of environmental ethics. India has a long tradition of spiritual leaders who acted as gurus in their own field. These leaders were Nanak, Kabir, Namdev, Tukaram, Shankar Dev, Shri Chaitanya Dev and others who had appeared on different occasions. In the proposed presentation the name and activities of Sri Jambheshwarji mentioned who was born in 1451 1 A.D in the village Pipasar in Nagour district of Rajasthan. Besides religion, Jambheshwarji like other religious leaders played an active role in diverse aspects covering the various matters related to human life. It was Jambheshwarji who had twenty-nine principles, which are also important today. He not only preached twenty-nine principles, but also circulated another one hundred twenty sermons combining his ideology and religious thoughts among his followers. This principle is popularly known as 'Shabdabani'. Being inspired by Jambheshwarji`s principles and ideology, three hundred sixty three Bishnoi led by Amrita Devi scarified their lives in and around Jodhpur 2 to prevent deforestation in 1730 A.D. The Bishnoi community is known as a lover of the environment and priest of nature. They are ready at any time to sacrifice their lives to preserve environment and protect wild species. However, at present, many changes have taken place in social, political, religious and economic structure in the life pattern of the Bishnoi. The present research intends to focus on the problems faced by the Bishnoi community in following Guru`s ideology. It was due to the changes that had taken place in the society, which disturbed the daily lives of the Bishnoi community.
For positive personality of pupils, self-esteem is a key factor. Basically, self-esteem is nothing but a self-concept or beliefs about oneself. How we think about our self or others is known as self-esteem. It also affects student's personality and their mental health. It can be divided into two categories like high and low. Students with high self-esteem know their strength and limitation. Therefore, they feel more confident than the students with lower self-esteem. High self-esteem students are always ready to take challenges and solve to achieve their life's goals. On the other hand, low self-esteem students lack strong personality trait. Methodology: Researcher used cross sectional survey research on 70 students from different college of Bankura district. Data were collected by Rosenberg self-esteem scale and chi-square test was used to find out the rate of prevalence on self-esteem among college level students on the basis of various demographic variables like-Gender and Caste. Results: The results revealed that Female students and students from OBC caste secure higher self-esteem than other.
Language policy and education has become an influential tool for the countries to cope with modern global world. In this paper the writer shed lights on the summary of language policy and education of Indian sub-continent as mentioned in Lachman Khubchandani's article titled "Language Policy and Education in the Indian Subcontinent". The writer has explored the effectiveness and relevance of the information presented in the article through in depth reading and scrutiny. The study explores Khubchandani's information on various areas, confusion, history and modern perspectives of bi/multilingual societies and states of India which are important and relevant for the policy makers of language education. The study of this article will also provide the readers to have an in-depth knowledge that can enrich the understanding on language policy of India from past to present. Therefore, it is relevant and effective to shed light on the information presented in the article for the benefit of language practitioners and education policy makers who need better understanding about the historical background on language policy making and education system of Indian Subcontinent.
Change management is defined as the process through which an organization introduces and implements change at both, internal and external levels. Every organization requires constant change and innovation to meet the continually changing demands of its customers. This process includes reforming the organization's objectives, strategies, and tactics, as it includes supporting members, providing the necessary requirements for innovation, and assisting change activities to ensure successful implementation. Nevertheless, more theory and research are required for a better understanding of the complex process of change implementation and management. Thus, this paper examines different theoretical approaches to innovation and change implementation. It also introduces a model of educational reform through the implementation of technology in the educational context.
The RCSAS (https://thercsas.com) distributes original, peer-reviewed research works /assignments from the global scholars and professionals to the worldwide audience. All the published research/review papers/articles are freely available for download online. It accepts and publishes authentic and innovative research papers, reviews, short notes and communiqué of high standard dealing with different areas covering all the major academic studies. The Journal welcomes the papers/manuscripts for submission in conformity with the common criteria of significance and scientific excellence.
The objective of this article is to determine the impact of governance indicators and institutional quality on the industrial development of Africa during the period 2007-2019. This study concerns the manufacturing and extractive industries of African countries. The results show that political instability and corruption hindered the development of the extractive industries during the study period, but fail to demonstrate their role with regard to the manufacturing industries.
The study examined the effect of teachers' qualification on the academic performance of Senior Secondary School Students in physics. The area for the study is Suleja Local Government Area of Niger State. The study applied ex-post-facto survey research design. Random sampling was used to select six (6) schools in Suleja Local Government Area of Niger State .The SS II student's 2020/ 2021 academic session result formed the data which was analyzed using simple percentage and t-test statistic. Three research questions were answered and the findings of the research showed that academic achievement of Senior Secondary School students in Physics subject was dependent on the teachers' qualification, and teachers' experience. Recommendation is made for organization of more regular training for teachers and in-service and refresher training of Physics teachers to enable them embraces and conform to the emerging technologies in pedagogy and more so, unqualified teachers should be given room to pursue postgraduate diploma in Education to get them qualify and counseling services should be made available to teachers so as to boost their professional quest and development. Also students should be enlightened on the relevance of Physics and be adequately motivated to have a positive attitude towards the subject.
The paper expects to investigate the job of administration in change the board interaction. The exploration depends on broad survey of writing, to discover the administration factors that work with change in an association. The exploration uncovers that that fundamental initiative and the board rehearses are related with the center skills of an association to accomplish wanted results. Numerous associations are applying change the board practices to make hierarchical progress for long time endurance. In our review we just centered on Change-An arranged movement, Leaders as a change specialist, change as an interaction, Change the executives, and Leadership style/pioneers for change the board.
African Women writing and their works stand elevated for women empowerment and the other debased sections of the social order. The works of female writers are passionate and replicate the occurrences in the general public. They depict characters which are near the real world. Women authors in Africa have enjoyed a more extensive audience particularly in higher institutions where the core curriculum incorporates African Women Writers, Gender Studies and other relevant programs. African women writers have engaged in rhetorical and performative tactics to reconstitute cultural erasure in order to fight inequality as they attempt to assert status as individuals. The patriarchy in African social orders has included an erasure of identities and subjectivities of numerous ladies, holding them to a supposition of female subordination.
Generally student-centred instruction strategies are forever accepted and effective in teaching/learning process. Student-centred education is therefore a practical application of the humanistic theory of learning. The humanistic approach is related to humanism or humanist psychology. Humanistic psychology is a viewpoint, highlighting the importance to consider the person's totality and the uniqueness of each person. Self-actualization is the main objective of humanistic education and learning. Learner Centred Instruction prioritises students' goals and recognises the importance of learner performance in the process of learning.