Project

The Mesolithic Aegean project and the maritime networks in the Southeastern Europe and Near East

Goal: The research started 25 ago with the excavation of the Cyclops Cave at Youra and continued with the excavation of Maroulas site in Kythnos, the first Mesolithic settlement in Greece. A second settlement was excavated at Kerame 1 in Ikaria. In parallel excavation in Sarakenos Cave revealed a Mesolithic Horizon dated from 10th to 7th mill. BC. The project the last ten years continued with the location of 4 Μesolithic sites in Kythnos, 5 sites in Ikaria. Surface surveys located Mesolithic sites in Fournoi, Naxos, Sikinos and Chalki (Dodecanese). Part of the project is the study of maritime contacts of Mesolithic Aegeans with populations of Cyprus, S. Anatolia and Near East. Sponsored by INSTAP.
After the recent ascertainment that in the South-East part of Cyprus were found sites with the same stone industry, exactly the same as that of the Mesolithic Aegean, the project aims at searching of phylogenetic relations through DNA analyses of anthropological samples from the Aegean and the Near East that are in progress.

A.Sampson, J. K. Kozlowski, M. Kaczanowska, Papageorgopoulou, G. Kontopoulos

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Project log

Adamantios Sampson
added an update
Adamantios Sampson, Palaeolithic and Mesolithic sailors in the Aegean and the near East, monograph recently published (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, England)
 
Adamantios Sampson
added an update
The excavations in the Aegean since the 1990s onwards have revealed a new cultural stage, starting from the beginning of 9th millennium B.C. down to the beginning of 7th. A network of sites extends from the northern to the southern Aegean Sea and from the West to the East, having as reference points the obsidian sources of Melos and Yali (Nissiros). In recent years, we have an increase of Mesolithic sites in the insular Aegean, the mainland Greece as well as in the western Asian coast, Cyprus and Crete. Recent research changes the data and shows that, along with the navigation capability and the specialization in fishing, an early Neolithisation in the Aegean had already started in 9th millennium B.C. It means that active Mesolithic groups from the early 9th mill. till the end of the 8th could have been able to travel to the East, interact with local populations of the PPNA and PPNB and transfer plants and animals, domesticated or not, to the Aegean and the Greek mainland, contributing to the Neolithisation of the whole area till the beginning of the 7th mill B.C.
 
Adamantios Sampson
added a project goal
The research started 25 ago with the excavation of the Cyclops Cave at Youra and continued with the excavation of Maroulas site in Kythnos, the first Mesolithic settlement in Greece. A second settlement was excavated at Kerame 1 in Ikaria. In parallel excavation in Sarakenos Cave revealed a Mesolithic Horizon dated from 10th to 7th mill. BC. The project the last ten years continued with the location of 4 Μesolithic sites in Kythnos, 5 sites in Ikaria. Surface surveys located Mesolithic sites in Fournoi, Naxos, Sikinos and Chalki (Dodecanese). Part of the project is the study of maritime contacts of Mesolithic Aegeans with populations of Cyprus, S. Anatolia and Near East. Sponsored by INSTAP.
After the recent ascertainment that in the South-East part of Cyprus were found sites with the same stone industry, exactly the same as that of the Mesolithic Aegean, the project aims at searching of phylogenetic relations through DNA analyses of anthropological samples from the Aegean and the Near East that are in progress.
A.Sampson, J. K. Kozlowski, M. Kaczanowska, Papageorgopoulou, G. Kontopoulos