The ageing of the population is beginning to be an economic, social and health matter even for countries that do not belong to the advanced developed economies, but where the phenomenon can take on an impressive size that risks affecting the entire globe. It is clear that intervening downstream of the problem with forms of economic subsidy and health aid is not a winning strategy. It is necessary to work on prevention by limiting, as much as possible, the periods of non-self-sufficiency of older people that represent high health and social costs. Active ageing seems to be particularly useful in accompanying people towards a long, mostly self-sufficient and value-added old age, whereby older people can continue to be active members of the society in which they live. The system of higher education is able to perform a function of extreme importance with respect to the possibility, for the elderly population of a country, to actively live their old age: developing the activities of Life Long Learning, encouraging the birth of universities of the third age, intervene in the design, implementation and management of permanent training centres for the elderly are activities in which the university institutions can and must engage.
The organization of an international education activity has its specifics compared to a national one. It is very important to know the differences in the very organization as well as the opinions of the individual participants. We can find differences not only in the management of education but also in the leisure activities, the nourishment, and the accommodation. Based on experiences with the organization of international events and taking part in international projects in the field of educating older adults, we put together a questionnaire to investigate some important questions related to the organization of an international event. We distributed this questionnaire at two international educational activities. We compiled the questions and answer clearly, which is going to be an asset particularly for the professional community.
The article examines the experience of old people education in the Krasnodar region. Education of old people needs in the legal, methodological, social and psychological support. Professional and social adaptation during adulthood is a very important period for old people. Training of personality with special educational needs in the context of personality development is seen as a stage of adaptation, adaptation to the activity, finding ways to realize the potential abilities for pensioners in life. As a fact, people of creative labour, interacting with the macro-economic environment, such as, policy, social and educational activities, is more resistant to growing old. doi: 10.17748/2075-9908-2016-8-2/1-97-108. [en; ru]
In this article the authors examine the anthropological, physiological, socio-psychological, medical background happy old age; analyze the data of a number of domestic and foreign experimental work to identify factors, conditions that ensure comfortable livelihoods of the elderly person. Special attention is paid to the role of the sociogerontological competence of managers of the sanatorium and resort sphere in the creation of socio-cultural gerontology centre environment to ensure a happy old age customers, as well as the traditions of the Kuban Cossacks in relation to older people. A separate section of the article is devoted to the development of the Institute of foster families for older people in the Krasnodar region. Significant place in the article devoted to the analysis of various areas of professional activity of specialists of social service agencies within the community to enhance the revitalization of the manifestation of older people in different types of cultural and educational activities. The article reveals the essence and content of the concept of "socio-gerontological competence of the specialist institution of social service of the population". The authors examine the nature and structural components of the socio-cultural environment gerontology centre (pension) sanatorium profile, which is a special kind of communicative space of the Board, determining its existence and prospects of development as a specialized Agency for the elderly.
The University of the Third Age (hereafter U3A) is a term that is mentioned in the media more and more. We have to thank all those who have contributed to this project - especially Pierre Vellas who is the founder of the University of the Third Age in France. To begin with, we took great pains to compare various systems of senior education in Europe. We have decided to base our descriptions on the existing associations of the U3A unifying the Universities of the third Age in individual countries. This was a challenging task. Firstly, we had to discover the number of currently existing associations in Europe, and we then sent them materials to process - for example questionnaires to fill in – which were to be returned in order to collate the data. Most of the existing associations met the requirements professionally, yet there were also associations which did not react at all. In order to provide the deepest insight into the issue, we completed the information using internet sources as well. The first part of this publication is focused on the subject of active ageing and education in later life. In our work we pay special attention to the issue of ageing. We focused on biological, psychological and social aspects of ageing that effect the educational process of seniors. Our aim is to highlight the importance of education for the elderly because this helps them to keep in contact with other seniors and to stay in an environment where they can expand their knowledge and skills. Education plays a major role in a senior´s life because of the dedication to activities that fulfil them. These activities help them to spend their free time meaningfully and effectively. The second part of this work concentrates on lifelong learning and the TEMPUS project. The third part is about the history and new trends that have shaped and are currently shaping senior education in Europe respectively. We introduce new interesting topics that can inspire professionals dealing with the elderly to manage their activities more effectively. Following on from this, the next section of this work is devoted to a template sent to individual associations and its statistical data analysis. Important European associations such as AIUTA and EFOS participated in our survey as well as 16 countries – associations. They aim to describe the current situation in their own countries, for example, the particular history, present situation and future objectives of their associations in order to enrich mutual relationships. Moreover, we analysed feedback via a set of additional questions associated with the most popular education and cultural activities. We emphasized national and international projects as well as the best partners and the most useful web pages. Finally, we explored up-to-date or innovative ideas in the education of the elderly. In conclusion, we would like to highlight the active cooperation of all people involved in senior education: lecturers, managers, methodologists, scientific workers or professionals and volunteers. It is our opinion that we should continue paying appropriate attention to the target group, accumulate finances in order to support active ageing and services running in the society, e.g. formal and informal organisations related to senior education.
Focus on population ageing and related problems is quite spread in higher developed Countries. Old age is more and more perceived as wealth and the elderly as an added value for society. Nonetheless, what’s the state in Developing Countries? Elderly condition in Africa will be dealt verifying if a correspondence exists between tribe wise man concept, that can be assimilated to old people role in pre-industrial societies, and how modern African societies take into account ageing people.
According to the Worl Report on Ageing and Health, the world0's population aged over 60 years will go to nearly 2 billion from the current 900 million; Japan is the country with the longest life expectancy, Italy is second in the world and first in Europe. These demographic changes pose social and health problems that must be addressed not so much from a welfare point of view as by spreading lifestyles that minimise the period of non-self-sufficiency of an individual's life. The volume provides an overview of the phenomenon of ageing using a multidisciplinary approach and collecting evidences of good practices from different countries, many of wich developed in the framework of the TEMPUS Project CTAE and presented in various Conferences and international Seminars that were held from 2013 to 2017.