added a research item
The traditional view of intimate partner violence (IPV) is that the perpetrator is male and the victim is female (Dobash, Dobash, Wilson & Daly, 1992). As a result of this, most research into victimisation experiences appears to be conducted with female victims of IPV (Morin, 2014), and research with male victims, and victims from the LGBTQ+ community is less common. The main aim of the current research was to conduct a systematic literature review to synthesise the literature base of IPV victimisation experiences to ascertain how abuse is experienced, and the effects of that abuse. The secondary aim was to investigate the prevalence of different victim groups, across gender and sexuality, in current research studies. The review highlighted that victims of IPV experience several different types of abuse and the negative mental and physical health outcomes associated with that abuse are significant. Additionally, it was found that the large majority of research studies included in the review were conducted with female victims in opposite-sex relationships, and were quantitative and cross-sectional in nature. The implications of these findings are discussed and suggestions for future research are put forward.
Purpose: The main aim of this systematic review is to investigate the victimisation experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV), with a view to informing further research into this area. This will be done from an inclusive perspective, where no victim group will be excluded. To achieve this, the review will include research into male, female and transgender victims from both same-sex and opposite-sex relationships, where available. Background: IPV is a subject which has received increasing attention in recent years (Randle & Graham, 2011), however much of the research exploring victimisation around IPV has focused on female victims (Ard & Makadon, 2011). Research into male or transgender victims or victims in same-sex relationships is particularly limited and there is little known about the characteristics of IPV in these relationships (Stanley, Bartholomew, Taylor, Oram & Landolt, 2006). This paucity of research on LGBT victims, and male victims, in comparison to female victims is worrying as research informs how much support is available. Methods: A systematic literature review will be conducted on IPV victim’s experiences. All victim groups will be included within this review regardless of gender or relationship type. This will synthesise the information already available in order to inform further research. Conclusions: Findings will be discussed in line with current research and policy. Specifically implications around current gendered service provision will be discussed with a view to recommending a more inclusive approach to supporting all victims of IPV.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is experienced in many forms by victims, such as physical, psychological, emotional, financial, and coercive abuse (Jaffe & Schub, 2011). In particular, the lived experience of IPV victimisation has been the subject of many recent research projects (e.g. Morgan, Williamson, Hester, Jones & Feder, 2014). The aim of the current systematic literature review was to synthesise the most recent research on IPV victimisation, across gender and sexuality. The majority of research to date has investigated the experiences of female victims in heterosexual relationships, and there is a dearth of research on the victimisation of men in heterosexual relationships or on victims from the LGBTQ+ community. The preliminary findings of this review indicated that a greater amount of attention should be paid to male heterosexual victims and victims from the LGBTQ+ community to fully understand their victimisation experiences. It was concluded that in order to help all victims of IPV, individual need should be the focus, rather than gender or sexuality.