Project

Southwest Pacific Island Geothermal Energy Development

Goal: GEOTHERMAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ISLAND NATIONS

Note: Collaborators are encouraged to freely add publications to the project as they see fit. Our goal is to provide a broad-based set of resources that consider above and below ground issues from initial policy design to the physical decommissioning of infrastructure.

INTRODUCTION
This proposal advances a new collaborative regional Pacific Island Country and Territory (PICT) geothermal energy strategy (Regional Strategy) to enhance economic development and energy security while reducing fossil fuel emissions across the South Pacific In anticipation of a unified regional approach to other donors and the international private sector market. Regional geothermal development strategies have been successfully deployed in Africa, South and Central America and most relevantly, the Caribbean given its concentration of Small Island Developing States.

The Regional Strategy in delivering several Sustainable Development Goals including SDG1, SDG6, SDG7, SDG8, SDG9, SDG10, SDG13, and SDG17.

BACKGROUND
Lack of access to clean and affordable energy (including direct geothermal heat applications) is a major impediments to development in the Pacific. Geothermal energy has been identified as a promising option in eight Pacific Island countries and “territories”. These include PNG, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and New Caledonia (McCoy-West et al. 2009, 2011). This overview does not specify which PICTs are to be included in the project.

STRATEGY
A Regional Strategy is developing similar to those deployed in Africa, Central and South America and the Caribbean. We have been in recent discussions with IRENA and several PNG Government Departments who view this approach favourably. Other National organisations, IGOs and NGOs are expected to come on board. Academics and private industry are already engaged to varying degrees strengthening the Regional Strategy.

References

Geothermal power potential of selected Pacific Nations. AJ McCoy-West, G Bignall, CC Harvey. GNS Science Consultancy Report 180, 2009.

Geothermal resources in the Pacific Islands: The potential of power generation to benefit indigenous communities. AJ McCoy-West, S Milicich, T Robinson, G Bignall, CC Harvey. Proceedings of the Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, 2011.

Date: 28 October 2017

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Project log

Bradley Ilg
added an update
Greg Bignall currently works at the Geothermal Sciences, Wairakei Research Centre, GNS Science. Greg does research in Geochemistry, Geology and Mineralogy. Their current project is 'Geothermics Special Issue.'
Bart Van Campen currently works at the Department of Engineering Science, University of Auckland. Bart does research in Risk Management and Insurance, Public Economics and Energy Economics. Their current project is 'Geothermal Energy in Chile-Peru-Ecuador-Colombia.'
Akuila Tawake, Deputy Director – Georesources and Energy in the Geoscience, Energy and Maritime Division (GEM) at SPC-The Pacific Community.
 
Maxine Lahan
added a research item
West New Britain Province, which occupies the western part of New Britain Island in Papua New Guinea, is ideally located within an active tectonic region that influences volcanism creating an environment favourable for geothermal activity. Geothermal mapping of surface manifestations reveals high temperature geothermal prospects along the northern coastline of West New Britain Province that are further confirmed by geochemical analysis. The occurrence of geothermal features is confined to the Quaternary Kimbe Volcanics and alluvium in the lowland areas. The features in Talasea appear to be controlled by deep-seated northerly trending faults while structures in Hoskins also appear to be deep seated but have not been identified. The geothermal systems in West New Britain Province have not been drilled, but preliminary reconnaissance geothermal mapping and geochemical analysis reveals four high temperature geothermal prospects suitable for further investigation and development of geothermal energy. These are the Pangalu (Rabili) and Talasea Station geothermal prospects in Talasea and Kasiloli (Magouru) and Silanga (Bakama and Sakalu) geothermal prospects in Hoskins. The calculated reservoir temperatures for these fields are in the range of 245–310 °C. Recommendations are made for further follow-up exploratory investigations.
Bradley Ilg
added an update
Simon Bloomberg joins the group. A recent VSA Volunteer on Vanuatu, Simon produced BASELINE GEOTHERMAL SURVEY OF VANUATU: RECENT RESULTS FROM AMBRYM AND TANNA ISLAND along with coathor Michel Leodoro.
 
Bradley Ilg
added an update
Maxine Lahan, Manager, Geophysical Mapping Branch of the Mineral Resources Authority, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea joins the Project.
 
Bradley Ilg
added a research item
PLAY-BASED AND DATA OPTIMISATION GEOSCIENCE PROJECTS COMMISSIONED BY B. ILG Ilg, B.R., Davey, R. 2014, 2013 Compilation of published industry play-based exploration strategies, principal component analysis of the sample population and derivation of an NZP&M strategy for project funding, resource delineation, allocation, and promotion (in house).
Bradley Ilg
added an update
Two new collaborators join the project this week:
Dr Kevin Faure, Director of Division: Geological Resources at GNS Sciences, a New Zealand Crown Research Institute very experienced with broad capability in geothermal energy internationally but particularly in the Pacific.
Michel Leodoro currently works at the Geology and Mines Unit, Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, Government of the Republic of Vanuatu. Michel does research in Geomorphology, Geography and Geology. Their current project is 'Baseline Geothermal Survey of Vanuatu'.
 
Bradley Ilg
added an update
The World Bank has published a Request for Expression of Interest for “Development of Geothermal Power in Fiji: Resistivity Survey in the Labasa and Savusavu areas of Vanua Levu, Republic of Fiji”.
Qualified consulting firms are invited to submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) to undertake a resistivity survey in the Labasa (Part 1) and Savusavu (Part 2) areas of Vanua Levu, Republic of Fiji.
The objective of the assignment is to conduct further investigations into geothermal energy resources with a view to identifying drilling targets for exploration well(s) leading to a pilot project for development.
The project is funded through “BB – BANK BUDGET TF0A2559 – Pre-feasibility study and roadmap for development geothermal power in the Republic of Fiji”.
  • Procurement notice was published: January 4, 2018
  • Deadline: January 18, 2018
Should your firm be interested in submitting an EOI, please login (or register your company) into the WBG eConsultant2 system at: https://wbgeconsult2.worldbank.org/wbgec/index.html and access the Selection # 1254433. Submission of EOI will be closed on January 18, 2018 (EST), any submission after this will not be considered.
Source: World Bank Development Business
 
Bradley Ilg
added a project goal
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ISLAND NATIONS
Note: Collaborators are encouraged to freely add publications to the project as they see fit. Our goal is to provide a broad-based set of resources that consider above and below ground issues from initial policy design to the physical decommissioning of infrastructure.
INTRODUCTION
This proposal advances a new collaborative regional Pacific Island Country and Territory (PICT) geothermal energy strategy (Regional Strategy) to enhance economic development and energy security while reducing fossil fuel emissions across the South Pacific In anticipation of a unified regional approach to other donors and the international private sector market. Regional geothermal development strategies have been successfully deployed in Africa, South and Central America and most relevantly, the Caribbean given its concentration of Small Island Developing States.
The Regional Strategy in delivering several Sustainable Development Goals including SDG1, SDG6, SDG7, SDG8, SDG9, SDG10, SDG13, and SDG17.
BACKGROUND
Lack of access to clean and affordable energy (including direct geothermal heat applications) is a major impediments to development in the Pacific. Geothermal energy has been identified as a promising option in eight Pacific Island countries and “territories”. These include PNG, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and New Caledonia (McCoy-West et al. 2009, 2011). This overview does not specify which PICTs are to be included in the project.
STRATEGY
A Regional Strategy is developing similar to those deployed in Africa, Central and South America and the Caribbean. We have been in recent discussions with IRENA and several PNG Government Departments who view this approach favourably. Other National organisations, IGOs and NGOs are expected to come on board. Academics and private industry are already engaged to varying degrees strengthening the Regional Strategy.
References
Geothermal power potential of selected Pacific Nations. AJ McCoy-West, G Bignall, CC Harvey. GNS Science Consultancy Report 180, 2009.
Geothermal resources in the Pacific Islands: The potential of power generation to benefit indigenous communities. AJ McCoy-West, S Milicich, T Robinson, G Bignall, CC Harvey. Proceedings of the Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, 2011.
 
Bradley Ilg
added 2 research items
Regions, countries and areas within countries compete against one another for investment from the global and regional markets when they allocate acreage and the rights for the exploration and production for energy and resources. This competition is driven by cumulative prospectivity (of all types) and is inhibited by cumulative risk (of all types). Higher cumulative prospectivity typically results in market tolerance of higher cumulative risk. The inverse is also true. Therefore, the goal of any regional, national or local programme in resource-related investment attraction should be the evaluation of prospectivity and risk, the strategic elevation of the former and the strategic reduction of the later wherever possible. The role of the coordinating entity in the geothermal energy context, can therefore be seen as assisting Nations in the optimisation of their respective cumulative country prospectivity in geothermal energy while simultaneously reducing country risk to investment. This approach has strong implications for policy at regional, national, and local scales. Entities and segments of the market have different tolerances for prospectivity and risk. These tolerances are often opaque within individual corporate strategies and even the market. In any case a consistent holistic market approach is preferred to a case by case investment approach. The former approach is offers more robust competitive allocation of rights and typically ensures better public good outcomes. The attached figure attempts to show this multidimensional environment in a singe graphic. Crucially it shows an ”awareness horizon”. If the wider market is unaware of positive attributes or trends investment attraction will be stifled. However, country risk data is widely available on line (e.g. ease of Doing Business and Corruption Index). In countries with challenging country risk profiles extra effort must be made to communicate favorable quantitative technical prospectivity to the market in order to offset the high above ground risk profile.