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School environment and disability issues in Kabul (Afghanistan): A survey within an emergency project
Of the 22,5 million people in Afghanistan about 800,000 are disabled (28%) mainly because of preventable diseases and mine accidents. Although these impressive data are supplied by surveys supported by the UN, the new Afghan Government does not have a clear population census. Italian Cooperation experts with the supervision of a team of the University of Rome “La Sapienza”, in collaboration with the non-governmental organization GVC - Civil Voluntary Group, have carried out a survey on health and health-related conditions as a pilot project. These conditions, considered as disability dimensions according to the biopsychosocial model, were studied in 65 schools of Kabul with a twofold purpose: to offer reliable information to the Afghan policy makers, and to validate the ICF classification in the school environment. About 1.300 questionnaires were distributed from which data were electronically entered.