added a research item
Local regulations provide a number of opportunities for intervention to create an adaptable, resilient settlement. It is proposed to create a separate environmental (or more narrowly: climate protection) regulation, the elements of which could include: • a reduction in the business tax on companies that use renewable energy or build green roofs, while increasing the tax on companies that leave their car parks without trees planted and maintained in suitable conditions; • the co-operation between the maintainer of green areas and the operators of public utilities should be extended and deepened, it should be regulated that not only the road operator but also the green area maintenance department should be notified in advance and at the same time when utilities perform maintenance or renovation on underground cables, or horticultural supervision in the event of such interventions. • Defining afforestation and greening requirements in traditionally built streets. • setting strict replacement requirements for any felling • the procedure for financing actions formulated within the framework of other measures, the establishment of a climate protection fund.
Sustainable development, for various sectors, aims to achieve a balance between several objectives, maintaining the environmental, economic, and social dimensions to allow development to continue invariably over time. The planning processes for sustainability to improve civilization and urban development must include urban infrastructure and transportation since they are the major sectors that provide a continual flow of goods, materials, products, services, and information to improve living conditions and protect a country's defence, economic viability, prosperity, awareness, safety, and security. The right transportation mode will allow the provision of good levels of service, thus increasing the satisfaction of current and future potential users. The development of sustainable transportation infrastructure is key in modern societies. If the sustainable transportation system is well planned and managed in developing countries, it will improve and facilitate living conditions in a way that is compatible with the next generation's needs and will facilitate progress, prosperity, environmental, social, and economic welfare; if it is not well planned, it will hinder such progress. This article aims to assess sustainability dimensions for transportation as a critical infrastructure in terms of social, economic, environmental, technological, and energy aspects, with emphasis on environmental aspects. Measures of performance indicators for each dimensional goal are developed based on the data and statistical findings. The study uses models, an analytical descriptive style, and a methodology based on previous studies, as well as secondary data sources. Recommendations for enhancing transportation sustainability and potential reforms are proposed that can be applied to Jordan and generalized for other developing countries with similar circumstances.