Project

Replacement Feeding Non-Ruminant

Goal: Reduce Staple feed Maize, Rice Bran, Soya Bean, Meat-Bone-Meal

Date: 1 January 2009 - 1 January 2021

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Danung Nur Adli
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The purpose of this study was to determine the deposition percentage of breast meat, leg colour, and feather weight of hybrid ducks. The research material was 100 hybrid ducks regardless of sex (age 21 days) Peking x Khaki Campbell. The method used was a field experiment using a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments and four replications. Each replication of 5 hybrid ducks. The treatments used were T0: 20% corn, T1: 15% corn + 5% Banana Hump Flour re-binding, T2: 10% corn + 10% Banana Hump Flour re-binding, T3: 5% corn + 15% Banana Hump Flour re-binding, T4: 20% Banana Hump Flour re-binding. Data were analyzed statistically using Covarian analysis (ANCOVA). If the data results differ significantly between treatments, Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) will proceed. The results showed that banana hump flour had no significant effect (P> 0.05) on the percentage of breast meat deposition and feather weight, but had a very significant effect (P <0.01) on the color of the legs. It can be concluded that the use of re-binding banana hump flour as a substitute for corn up to 20% in feed gives positive results on the percentage of meat and feathers of hybrid.
Danung Nur Adli
added a research item
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of substitution of fishmeal by Sago larvae meal (SLM) on the egg production and quality of laying hens. There were 5 treatments of fermented sago larvae replacing fish meal at 0, 15, 25, and 40% of the diet, with each treatment replicated four times. There were curvilinear increase in hen day production at 31-45 week and reduce feed egg ration as the proportion of SLM in diet was increased. The hen day production showed consistent optimum responses at the replacement level until 25%. But, there were no differences in egg quality traits among treatments both 19-30 week and 31-45 week. There is a growing interest in utilization of insect larvae meal for feeding poultry future trends. Moreover, these insects could also help in solving some staple feed issues related to poultry farming such as fish meal.
Danung Nur Adli
added a research item
The purpose of this research was to determine the dietary effect of red oncom (Neurospora sitophila spp) and black oncom (Rhizopus oligosporus) on performance and intestinal properties of broiler in different levels. The materials used for this research were 100 unsex broiler (20 days old) with Lohmann strain. Method was used in this experiment was Completely Randomize Design with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatment were as follows, T0: basal diet without additive, T1: basal diet + (0.25% red oncom (Neurospora sitophila spp) and 0.25% black oncom (Rhizopus oligosporus), P2: basal diet + (0.5% red oncom (Neurospora sitophila spp) and 0.5% black oncom (Rhizopus oligosporus), T3: basal diet + (0.5% red oncom (Neurospora sitophila spp) and 0.25% black oncom (Rhizopus oligosporus), and T4: basal diet + (0.75% red oncom (Neurospora sitophila spp) and 0.5% black oncom (Rhizopus oligosporus). The result showed that red oncom (Neurospora sitophila spp) and black oncom (Rhizopus oligosporus) has significantly enhanced (p<0.05) on intestinal properties. It can be concluded that red oncom (Neurospora sitophila spp) and black oncom (Rhizopus oligosporus) in feed gives a positive result on the broiler intestinal properties.
Danung Nur Adli
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Interest in the utilization of insect for animal feeding is increasing due to the potential for more efficient in replacement for Soya bean meal and fish meal. A database was designed based on published papers reporting the use of insect as poultry feed replacing Soya bean meal and fish meal. An algorithm literature published from 1990 to 2021 based on the Preferred Reporting Items for systematic review and meta-analyses (PRISMA) protocols. The trim and fill method was employed to detect the number of potential missing studies and to adjust the overall effect size. All publication bias procedures were performed using XLstat. Reported the used several strain such as Black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) help to increase the poultry performance. In conclusion, the use of insects as a sustainable protein rich feed ingredient in diets is technically feasible, and opens new perspectives in animal feeding.
Danung Nur Adli
added 2 research items
Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaung tepung bonggol pisang pengganti jagung dalam pakan terhadap water holding capacity, keempukan, protein, dan kolesterol itik hibrida
ABSTRAK Biji asam jawa mempunyai potensi besar sebagai penggati bekatul. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggantian bekatul dengan tepung biji asam jawa dalam pakan terhadap bobot karkas, persentase karkas, dan organ dalam ayam pedaging. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap yang terdiri dari 5 perlakuan : P0 = Jagung 60% + konsentrat 30% + bekatul 10% (kontrol), P1 = Jagung 60% + konsentrat 30% + bekatul 7,5% + tepung biji asam jawa 2,5%, P2 = Jagung 60% + konsentrat 30% + bekatul 5% + tepung biji asam jawa 5%, P3 = Jagung 60% + konsentrat 30% + bekatul 2,5% + tepung biji asam jawa 7,5%, P4 = Jagung 60% + konsentrat 30% + bekatul 0% + tepung biji asam jawa 100%, dengan 4 kali pengulangan dan pada setiap ulangan terdiri dari 5 ekor ayam pedaging. Penggantian bekatul dengan tepung biji asam jawa dilakukan pada saat umur ternak 21 hari pemeliharaan. Variabel penelitian yang diamati terdiri dari bobot karkas, persentase karkas dan berat organ dalam ayam pedaging. Pengunaan tepung biji asam jawa sebagai pengganti bekatul memberikan pengaruh tidak berbada nyata (P>0,05) terhadap berat karkas ayam pedaging. Pemberian tepung biji asam jawa sebagai pengganti bekatul dalam pakan belum mampu meningkatkan bobot karkas, persentase karkas dan berat organ dalam ayam pedaging. ABSTRACT The tamarind had potential to replacement rice bran as poultry feed. The research purposes were to replace the rice bran with tamarind flour on carcass weight, carcass percentage, and organ weight of broiler. The method used were completely randomised design with five treatments four replicates. The treatments as follows: T0 = maize 60% + concentrate 30% + rice bran 10% (control) T1 = maize 60% + concentrate 30% + rice bran 7,5% + tamarind flour 2,5%, T2 = maize 60% + concentrate 30% + rice bran 5% + tamarind flour 5%, T3 = maize 60% + concentrate 30% + rice bran 2,5% + tamarind flour 7,2%, T4 = maize 60% + concentrate 30% + tamarind flour 10%. The parameter observed were carcasse percentage and relatively organ weight. The result showed the replacement of tamarind flour were not significant difference (p > 0.05) to carcass and relative orgn weight of broiler. In summary, the replacement rice bran with tamarind flor didnt help increase to carcass and relative organ weight of broiler.
Danung Nur Adli
added a research item
The combination between CaCO3 and Averrhoa bilimbi L. as a novelty later namely calcidifier conducted to determined possible effect on the growth performance, internal egg quality, and energy of metabolism in laying hens. Eighty-lying hens of Isa Brown strain randomly allocated into five dietary treatments and four replicates with two lying hens each cages. The treatments were formulated as follows: T0 control, basal diet + calcidifier 0.1% (T1), 0.2% calcidifier (T2), basal feed + 0.3% calcidifier (T3), basal feed + calcidifier 0.3% (T4). The statistical analysis were performed according one-way-anova using SAS academic online Ed. It was shown that using those combination concomitantly no significance effect on overall parameters. In summary, the used of calcidifier did not impacted well on lying hens, in line, didn't help improve on the lying hens.
Danung Nur Adli
added a research item
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of substitution of fishmeal by Sago larvae meal (SLM) on the egg production and quality of laying hens. There were 5 treatments of fermented sago larvae replacing fish meal at 0, 15, 25, and 40% of the diet, with each treatment replicated four times. There were curvilinear increase in hen day production at 31-45 week and reduce feed egg ration as the proportion of SLM in diet was increased. The hen day production showed consistent optimum responses at the replacement level until 25%. But, there were no differences in egg quality traits among treatments both 19-30 week and 31-45 week. There is a growing interest in utilization of insect larvae meal for feeding poultry future trends. Moreover, these insects could also help in solving some staple feed issues related to poultry farming such as fish meal.
Danung Nur Adli
added a research item
The research purpose is to carry out the possible effect combination between CaCO3 and Averrhoa bilimbi L. (calcidifier) on external and internal egg of isa brown laying hens. 80 one-day-old isa brown laying hens were randomly allocated to 5 dietary treatments and 4 replicates. Five treatments used for research were dietary with control (T0), basal diet + calcidifier 0.1% (T1), 0.2% calcidifier (T2), basal feed + 0.3% calcidifier (T3), basal feed + calcidifier 0.3% (T4). Data were statistically analysed using SAS University version 4.0 red hat (64-bit) and the differences among treatment means (p<0.05) were determined using Duncan multiple range test. The results showed that using calcidifier presented no significant difference (p < 0.05) on external in contrast were significant different on internal egg quality (p > 0.05). To sum up, the used of calcidifier in feed gives a positive result on the laying hens.
Danung Nur Adli
added 3 research items
The purpose of this research was to evaluate corn substitution with re-binding banana hump flour on internal organ's, abdominal fat percentage and size of caeca. The materials used for this research were 100 hybrid ducks non sexing (21 day's old) with average body weight 421,31± 183,90 g and coefficient of diversity 44 %. The treatments were T0: 20% corn, T1: 15% corn + 5% re-binding banana hump flour, T2: 10% corn+ 10% re-binding banana hump flour, T3: 5% jagung + 15% re-binding banana hump flour, T4: 20% re-binding banana hump flour. The measured variabel's were internal organ's (gizzard, heart, lymph, pancreas), abdominal fat percentage and size of caeca. Data were analyzed by analysis of covarians (ANCOVA) of 5 treatments and 4 replications. Every replications consist of 5 hybrid ducks. If there were significant effect, it would be tested by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT).. The results of this research showed that re-binding banana hump flour as a substitute corn has no effect (P>0,05) on heart, lymph, pancreas, fat abdominal percentage and size of caeca, but has a effect (P<0,05) on gizzard and liver percentage. It can be concluded that the use of re-binding banana hump flour as a substitute corn up 20 % in feed increased internal organ's percentage (gizzard and heart) but don't decrease fat abdominal percentage.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the substitution of maize with palm kernel meal processed in feed on carcass weight, carcass percentage and carcass pieces of hybrid ducks. The material used in this study were 100 hybrid ducks from the cross strains of Peking and Khaki Campbell without differentiating gender (aged 21 days) with an average body weight of 421.31 ± 183.90 g. with a diversity coefficient of about 31%. The treatments used were P0: 20% corn, P1: 15% corn + 5% processed PKM (Palm Kernel Meal) , P2: 10% corn + 10% processed PKM, P3: 5% corn + 15% processed PKM, and P4: 20 % Processed PKM. The treatments used were carcass weight, percentage of carcass, and pieces of carcass (chest and lower thigh). Data were analyzed by covariance analysis (Ancova) which consisted of 5 treatments and 4 replications. Each replication contained 5 hybrid ducks. If the treatment shows a difference, it is continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The results showed that the processed palm kernel meal flour had no significant effect (P> 0.05) on carcass weight, carcass percentage, wing percentage, breast percentage and dorsal percentage but had a very significant effect (P<0.01) on lower thigh percentage. It was concluded that replacing maize with processed palm kernel meal up to 20 % in feed had the same effect on carcass weight, carcass percentage, and carcass pieces of hybrid ducks.
The research determine was to determine the nutrient content of the banana corm from grinding and amino acid re-binding as a hybrid duck feed. The method was in vitro experiment by using a Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments consisted of banana corm (control), T1= banana corm by grinding sieve 50, T2= banana corm using grinding sieve 100, T3= banana corm by grinding sieve 50 + amino acid re-binding , T4= banana corm using grinding sieve 100 + amino acid re-binding. The measured variable were nutrient content, gross energy and density. The data were analysed by ANOVA and continued with Duncan's multiple range test. The results showed that the processing of materials with grinding and re-binding had an effect on the content of nutritional content, increased the gross energy and density of banana corm. The conclusion is that processing technology with grinding processing with different sieve sizes and amino acid re-binding produces crude protein, higher gross energy and density as well as lower dry matter content, ash, crude fat, crude fiber as feed for hybrid ducks.
Danung Nur Adli
added a research item
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of substitution of fishmeal by fermented sago larvae meal on the performance of broilers. There were 5 treatments of fermented sago larvae replacing fish meal at 0, 15, 20, 25 and 40% of the diet, with each treatment replicated four times. There were curvilinear responses in feed intake, live weight gain and feed conversion as the proportion of FSL in the diet was increased. The optimum response appeared to be when the FSL was about 25% of the diet.
Danung Nur Adli
added 35 research items
Buku ini membahas masalah segala aspek tentang kultur khamir baik dari sisi pembuatan, nutrisi dan aplikasi dalam pakan ayam. Kultur khamir adalah suatu produk hasil fermentasi dari mikroorganisme khamir (yeast) pada suatu media pengemban (substrat) tertentu berbentuk tepung kering. Kultur khamir mempunyai kandungan nutrisi yang cukup baik dan lengkap dibandingkan produk fermentasi lainnya. Kandungan nutrisi dari kultur khamir kaya akan protein, vitamin, enzim (protease, amilase, selulase dan lipase) serta Unidentified growth factor. Selain itu kultur khamir mempunyai bentuk dan bau yang khas, daya cerna yang tinggi serta palatable.
This study evaluated the nutritional and tannin contents of cooked Kepok banana corm, fermented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Aspergillus niger. Corm meal was pretreated by steam for 1 hour at 102 0C before fermenting. The pretreated corms were inoculated with 10% (w/v) inoculum dose with additional nutrient mono-culture or co-culture. A completely randomized design with a 3 x 3 factorial arrangement was used to investigate two main factors: microbial strains and incubation time, with three subfactors each, resulting in nine treatment combinations and three replications. The microbial strain and incubation time significantly (P>0.01) affected the nutrient content of fermented Kepok banana corms. The highest dry matter content (91.84%) was achieved by incubation with S. cerevisiae for 48 h, while 89.61% organic matter was obtained by fermentation with both S. cerevisiae + A. niger for 48 h. The highest crude protein content was 5.81%, which resulted from treatment with S. cerevisiae for 96 h, increasing the crude protein by 61% compared to the control (3.58% crude protein). Fermentation by the microbe consortium (S. cerevisiae + A. niger) for 72 h, produced maximum starch (35.54 g/100 g) and energy (3511 Kcal/kg) values. Thus, the fermented products are a potential source of energy, to be used as feed ingredients.
Based poultry Indonesia feed formulation is corn soya, it is mean corn and soy bean meal has large proportion on the Indonesia poultry feed. The aims of the research to know the effects of β-mannanase enzyme as feed additive on soy bean meal based feed on the metabolizable energy, protein digestibility, and concentration immunoglobulin Y of broiler. This experiment used 20 broilers aged 35th days. Basal diet was comprised of corn, rice bran, fish meal, meat bone meal, stone lime, premix, coconout oil, methionine without β-mannanase enzyme (M0). Basal diet with β-mannanase enzyme 0.016% (M1), 0.033% (M2), 0.046% (M3). The variables measured were metabolizable energy, protein digestibility, and concentration immunoglobulin Y. The experimental designed in this experiment was completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The results show that the highest energy metabolizable is M3 3358.56±18.08c, highest protein digestibility is M3 81.01±0.70c, and highest concentration immunoglobulin Y is M3 5.09±3.21a. It can be concluded that β-mannanase enzyme in-crease of metabolizable energy, protein digestibility, and decrease concentration immunoglobulin Y of broiler.
Danung Nur Adli
added a project goal
Reduce Staple feed Maize, Rice Bran, Soya Bean, Meat-Bone-Meal