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Religion, Politics and Gender Equality
O lugar ocupado pela religião no campo da política continua a afirmar-se há várias décadas. Enquanto as práticas religiosas retrocederam em alguns contextos (especialmente na Europa ocidental), elas tendem a crescer em escala mundial (Norris e Inglehart 2004). Além disso, o uso de argumentos religiosos na política continua sendo uma prática comum em toda uma série de países, desenvolvidos ou em desenvolvimento.
This article explores how religion as a political force shapes and deflects the struggle for gender equality in contexts marked by different histories of nation building and challenges of ethnic diversity, different state-society relations (from the more authoritarian to the more democratic), and different relations between state power and religion (especially in the domain of marriage, family and personal laws). It shows how 'private' issues, related to the family, sexuality and reproduction, have become sites of intense public contestation between conservative religious actors wishing to regulate them based on some transcendent moral principle, and feminist and other human rights advocates basing their claims on pluralist and time- and context-specific solutions. Not only are claims of 'divine truth' justifying discriminatory practices against women hard to challenge, but the struggle for gender equality is further complicated by the manner in which it is closely tied up with, and inseparable from, struggles for social and economic justice, ethnic/racial recognition, and national self-determination vis--vis imperial/global domination.