Project

Relaves Mineros en Chile: Una aproximación Socio-territorial

Goal: Desde la Sociología y la Geografía Humana exploramos denisidades, aglomeraciones y narrativas en torno a los Relaves en Chile, explorando las múltiples relaciones que se generan con estas infraestructuras.

Comenzamos al alero del Proyecto FONDECYT de iniciación "Modernización Ecológica en Chile".

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Ivan Ojeda Pereira
added 3 research items
Resumen del libro: Este libro se enmarca en la voluntad de alimentar un diálogo interdisciplinar entre múltiples esferas sociales, culturales y territoriales en relación al extractivismo, su estudio y vivencia. El libro se constituye en un instrumento que expresa un entrelazamiento entre actores, redes y realidades territoriales que dan forma a la riqueza y a la diversidad de los territorios amenazados actualmente por el extractivismo. Permitiendo una reflexión sobre el presente y el futuro del modelo de desarrollo actual, la presente publicación integra diversos tipos de textos y escritos para construir un material a la vez de información y de análisis, pero también como material de divulgación sobre las múltiples dimensiones y facetas del extractivismo en el sur. La idea consiste en poder hacer coexistir múltiples lenguajes y formas de interpretación de la realidad que den cuenta de los diversos sentidos de experiencia local frente al extractivismo
Using a conceptual distinction between prospective and retrospective research, we analyze the international high-impact literature on tailings. This distinction differentiates between investigations concentrated on specific case studies, where the socio-environmental consequences of tailings are addressed or specific actions on them are documented, and the investigations that model interventions on tailings, propose new forms of design, management and remediation applicable to tailings. Using Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools, we covered all the publications registered in the Scopus database between 2010 and 2020 on mining tailings. Our research question ask for the temporal orientations in the international publication on mining tailings deposits between 2010 and 2020? Our results show an increase in the number of prospective investigations, which practically double the retrospective ones. However, at the level of citations, this difference is reduced and the most cited investigations in the retrospective perspective outnumber the most cited ones in the prospective perspective. We conclude by discussing the need to address the impact of prospective research on mining companies and overcoming resistance to innovation in the industry when there are no regulatory or legal obligations. In the same way, we call for an increase in the public contribution to maintain the independence of retrospective research, without neglecting the necessary construction of updated evidence on the socio-environmental consequences of mining tailings.
There are several international cases where tailings deposits have caused irreversible environmental, social, and human life losses. Therefore, these infrastructures have become a priority issue. This article identifies international trends in tailings research using Scopus database, from where 4415 published articles in the last decade were reported. Subsequently, a bibliometric analysis was performed by absolute counts using Bibliometrix R package and Vosyviewer software. We propose dividing the results into three levels: i) descriptive analysis of the publication, ii) scientific relevance, and iii) analytic co-ocurrence. As a result, there is a steady increase in the number of articles published, especially for the period 2015–2020, which can be explained by the ingrowth of work in areas such as Environmental Sciences and Engineering. The most cited articles were published during the years 2010–2015, and the most cited journals are Chemosphere, Science of The Total Environment and Journal of Hazardous Materials. In terms of co-ocurrence we identify the critical position of concepts associated with mining activity and its chemical processes, environmental monitoring, concerns about pollution, and bioremediation. Our work highlights the importance of research produced in countries such as China and Canada while exposing the low productivity in extractive countries in the global south (Chile, Peru, or Indonesia). At the same time, we emphasize the need to diversify research into the governance about mining tailings and their technological remediation.
Ivan Ojeda Pereira
added a project goal
Desde la Sociología y la Geografía Humana exploramos denisidades, aglomeraciones y narrativas en torno a los Relaves en Chile, explorando las múltiples relaciones que se generan con estas infraestructuras.
Comenzamos al alero del Proyecto FONDECYT de iniciación "Modernización Ecológica en Chile".