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Regulatory Policy 3.0

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Daniel B. Tsygankov
added a research item
The regulatory policy report is the latest in a series written in cooperation with the Higher School of Economics and expert and business communities during the work on a comprehensive strategy to modernize the public administration system in Russia. For CSR, changing the regulatory policy along with introducing modern managerial approaches to public administration, personnel policy, and large-scale digital transformation, is a priority for successful structural reforms. The ideas and suggestions on the regulatory policy presented by CSR were of great interest to the Russian business community. CSR received dozens of conceptual proposals from experts, businessmen, and public officials from all over Russia. We worked on promising regulatory policy tools and a comprehensive strategy for two years and a major part of our deliverables can be found in Chapter 3 of this report. Many of these proposals were also included in the Development Strategy for 2018–2024 presented by CSR at the request of the Russian President.
Daniel B. Tsygankov
added a research item
В аналитическом докладе «Регуляторная политика в России: основные тенденции и архитектура будущего», подготовленном Центром стратегических разработок (г. Москва) и НИУ ВШЭ, предлагается «обязать Правительство РФ во взаимодействии с представителями бизнеса и ведущих экспертных организаций разработать и внедрить Стандарт доказывания необходимости регулирования с точки зрения современных подходов «умного регулирования» и установить обязательность доказывания регулирования в соответствии с этим Стандартом, в том числе доказывания успешности правовых экспериментов и факта неухудшения условий ведения предпринимательской и инвестиционной деятельности»
Daniel B. Tsygankov
added a research item
The article deals with the problem of state regulation as a reason of costs for the recipients of legal norms – both for state actors and commercial ones. Orientation to the strategy of "smart regulation" was proclaimed against the background of overcoming the financial and economic crisis in the countries-members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). According to the memorandum of the European Commission (October 2010) the "smart regulation" consists of three components: a complex ERI system (the evaluation of the regulatory impact) at all stages of the public management cycle - from acts designing and decision making to the retrospective clearance and simplification of the current legislation; 2) cooperation institutes of the legislative, executive and controlling bodies of power in the member-countries of the EU; 3) participation systems of interest groups and citizens. The research hypothesis is in the supposition that there is the fourth component of the system. It is the transition from the ministerial organizational model of the assessment of the regulatory impact to the model of tips on optimizing regulation in the central bodies of power. The institutional design in the countries, which the article analyzes, is identical in having established independent bodies to control the norm-setting; they are meant to supervise the quality of regulation. One of the inseparable characteristics of the "smart regulation" is delegating some powers in the field of ERI to the higher level of public management: this is necessary to take into account when making institutional designs for countries with transitional economy. Successful practice of such independent expert councils of high level has become the ground for preparing the concept of the National Council for improving the legal regulation of entrepreneurial and investment activities in the RF.
Daniel B. Tsygankov
added a research item
For measuring of the regulatory environment quality we propose to compare more rankings, focused both on business conditions in general, and specifically assessing the regulatory environment indicators: • “Ease of Doing Business” — from 0 до 100 points. • “The Global Competitiveness Index” of the World Economiс Forum — from +1 to 7 points. • “Regulatory Quality Ranking” — one of the six indicators of the “Worldwide Governance Indicators”, prepared annually by the World Bank — from ‘-2,5’ to ‘+2,5’ points. • Area 5C. Business Regulations / Economic Freedom of the World of the Canadian Fraser Institute — from 0 до 10 points.
Daniel B. Tsygankov
added 3 research items
В аналитическом докладе «Регуляторная политика в России: основные тенденции и архитектура будущего» подготовленном Центром стратегических разработок (г. Москва) и НИУ ВШЭ предлагается «сформировать в составе Аппарата Правительства РФ специализированное подразделение, ответственное за внедрение инструментов поведенческого регулирования (так называемое «подталкивание»), направленных на достижение общественного блага с меньшими совокупными издержками» (с.92). В материал включен проект Положения об отделе поведенческого регулирования Департамента проектной деятельности Правительства Российской Федерации.
The important part of evidence-based regulation will be the introduction of a Standard of proof of the need to introduce regulation. - In the process of Standard elaboration, we have partly taken into account Better Regulation Guidelines of the European Commission, as well as the approach reflected during the preparation of the UK Evaluation Society Guidelines for good practice in evaluation. This Guideline reviews the evaluation process from the different perspectives of its main stakeholders - commissioners, practitioners and participants and helps establish good practice in the process of evaluation. - According to proposed Standard, new norms can be introduced only after providing evidence that conditions for doing business and investment activities do not deteriorate or after proved success with legal experiments on such regulations. - We intend to push all three key actors of the regulatory assessment process - regulators, business, and the lead RIA unit - to interaction of somewhat similar to civil legal proceedings (with real evidence being provided by the parties) and refusal of administrative bargaining. - We plan to discuss the draft of such a Standard in early 2018 together with business, experts and officials, and suggest the new Russian government adopting it as methodological guidelines. - In this case, the Standard could serve as a basis for the elaboration and use of other quantitative techniques – Standard cost model, value of life estimates model, method of calculating cost reimbursement to business and citizens arising from illegal actions (inaction) of government authorities, quantitative thresholds for conducting impact assessment, etc.
Идеи поведенческой экономики все чаще используется при принятии управленческих решений в государственных органах как в развитых, так и в стран с переходной экономикой. Научная обоснованность и возможность широкого практическое применения nudge способствует быстрому проникновению этих идей в публичное управление. Для использования поведенческих подходов государственные органы используют различные методы, например, обучение государственных служащих, заказ отдельных проектов у консалтинговых организаций и т.д. Для повышения эффективности и повсеместного внедрения подходов nudge в работу правительства многих стран приняли решение по созданию отдельного органа по выработке предложений в области поведенческой экономики. В настоящее время в мире, согласно исследованием ОЭСР, существует более 20 подразделений по выработке предложений в области поведенческой экономики (nudge unit) - в Европе, Америке, Азии и Австралии. Указанные подразделения не являются идентичными и различаются по своему статусу и формату. Исходя из формата можно классифицировать модели формирования nudge-подразделений следующим образом: 1) Централизованная модель (подразделение входит в структуру госорганов или является обособленным государственным учреждением), с двумя подвариантами: 1а. создание отдельного органа, специализирующегося на выработке решений с применением методов поведенческой экономки или консультирующего госорганы на предмет того, какие методы могут быть использованы при выработке той или иной политики. 1б. Возложение функций по выработке предложений / контролю и координации применения бихевиористских методов в нормотворческом процессе на одно из действующих подразделений центрального органа власти, осуществляющего деятельность в сфере реализации регуляторной политики. 2) Децентрализованная модель (подразделения является НКО и не входит в структуру госорганов или единое подразделение отсутствует, а в каждом госоргане создано свое подразделение).
Daniel B. Tsygankov
added a research item
Report on Regulatory Policy in Russia is after OECD Review in 2005 (http://www.oecd.org/russia/russiabuildingrulesforthemarket-oecdreviewsofregulatoryreform.htm) the most detailed one. Interactive version of the Report (provided by Garant): http://ivo.garant.ru/#/document/77580500/paragraph/1:1 - it is much easier to navugate.
Daniel B. Tsygankov
added a research item
Countries in transition face a number of known limitations while attempting to implement the RIA mechanisms in its public administration. Therefore, "open government" for them is a long-term aspiration rather than an immediate reality. Governments with the expert support are trying to formulate road maps of implementation to meet national peculiarities and not to destroy the existing system of decision-making. Obviously, the "bureaucratic control" in the short run promises more rapid progress towards the goal - legislation is amended as a result of RIA, RIA units in ministries are being created, money is allocated for the civil servants retraining. On the other hand, partially corrupt and inefficient rank-and-file bureaucracy of these countries is not interested in changing the rules of the game and openness, and therefore gradually reduces "open government" procedures to interdepartmental coordination (even if it is electronic). In this case regulatory impact assessments are reduced to "formal papers" (so called box-ticking effect). In the long run, slower but more effective way is to build a pluralistic, decentralized "network" of social and bureaucratic forces, supported by the political will of central government and civic initiatives which are based on up-to-date expert, network and information technologies.
Daniel B. Tsygankov
added a research item
Today there are no “best practices” of the OECD left that have not been discussed in Russia. Introduction of the Standard cost model is carried out under the implementation of the roadmap ‘Improving the quality of regulatory environment for business’, approved by Russian Government. It will be sum up the first results of SCM implementation – successful “installation” or “imitation game”?