Project

Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS)/Intelligent Reflecting Surface (IRS) for 6G wireless communications

Goal: In this project, we aim to design advanced signal processing /machine learning algorithms to address the challenges arising in RIS/IRS-aided wireless communications, including transmission design and channel estimation.

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Cunhua Pan
added 5 research items
An intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) is proposed to enhance the physical layer security in the Rician fading channel wherein the angular direction of the eavesdropper (ED) is aligned with a legitimate user. A two-phase communication system under active attacks and passive eavesdropping is considered in this scenario. The base station avoids direct transmission to the attacked user in the first phase, whereas other users cooperate in forwarding signals to the attacked user in the second phase, with the help of IRS and energy harvesting technology. Under the occurrence of active attacks, an outage-constrained beamforming design problem is investigated under the statistical cascaded channel error model, which is solved by using the Bernstein-type inequality. An average secrecy rate maximization problem for the passive eavesdropping is formulated, which is then addressed by a low-complexity algorithm. The numerical results of this study reveal that the negative effect of the ED’s channel error is larger than that of the legitimate user.
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
This paper investigates reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted secure multiuser communication systems subject to hardware impairments (HIs). We jointly optimize the beamforming vectors at the base station (BS) and the phase shifts of the reflecting elements at the RIS so as to maximize the weighted minimum secrecy rate (WMSR), subject to both transmission power constraints at the BS and unit-modulus constraints at the RIS. To address the formulated optimization problem, we first decouple it into two tractable subproblems and then use the block coordinate descent (BCD) method to alternately optimize the subproblems. Two different methods are proposed to solve the two obtained subproblems. The first method transforms each subproblem into a second order cone programming (SOCP) problem, which can be directly solved using CVX. The second method leverages the Minorization- Maximization (MM) algorithm. Specifically, we first derive a concave approximation function, which is a lower bound of the original objective function, and then the two subproblems are transformed into two simple surrogate problems with closedform solutions. Simulation results verify the performance gains of the proposed robust transmission method over existing nonrobust designs. In addition, the MM algorithm is shown to have much lower complexity than the SOCP-based algorithm.
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided wireless communications is a hot research topic in academic and industry communities since it can enhance both the spectrum and energy efficiency of wireless systems by artificially reconfiguring the wireless propagation environment. An RIS can configure tiny antenna elements or scatterers, which can be judiciously tuned to enhance the signal power for desired users, such as primary users in cognitive radio networks, or suppress the signal power for undesired users, such as eavesdroppers for physical layer security. RISs also find promising applications in dense urban areas or indoor scenarios, where the electromagnetic waves are prone to be blocked by obstacles such as buildings and walls. There are numerous advantages associated with RISs. For instance, since an RIS needs no analog-to-digital converters or radiofrequency chains, it reduces the power consumption, hence improving sustainability and reducing cost. RISs can be fabricated at a limited complexity and cost, and they can be easily deployed on buildings facades, walls, ceilings, and streetlamps. Furthermore, RISs can be readily integrated into current wireless networks (both cellular networks and WiFi). Due to these appealing advantages, RIS is envisioned to be one of the key technologies for the sixth-generation (6G) wireless networks.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
To improve the information exchange rate between Alice and Bob in traditional two-way directional modulation (TWDM) network, a new double-reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided TWDM network is proposed. To achieve the low-complexity transmitter design, two analytical precoders, one closed-form method of adjusting the RIS phase-shifting matrices, and semi-iterative power allocation (PA) strategy of maximizing secrecy sum rate (SSR) are proposed. First, the geometric parallelogram (GPG) criterion is employed to give the phase-shifting matrices of RISs. Then, two precoders, called maximizing singular value (Max-SV) and maximizing signal-to-leakage-noise ratio (Max-SLNR), are proposed to enhance the SSR. Evenly, the maximizing SSR PA with hybrid iterative closed-form (HICF) is further proposed to improve the SSR and derived to be one root of a sixth-order polynomial computed by: (1) the Newton-Raphson algorithm is repeated twice to reduce the order of the polynomial from six to four; (2) the remaining four feasible solutions can be directly obtained by the Ferrari's method. Simulation results show that using the proposed Max-SV and Max-SLNR, the proposed GPG makes a significant SSR improvement over random phase and no RIS. Given GPG, the proposed Max-SV outperforms the proposed leakage for small-scale or medium-scale RIS. Particularly, the proposed HICF PA stragey shows about ten percent performance gain over equal PA.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
In this letter, we study intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) aided simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) terahertz secure systems under a non-linear energy harvesting (EH) model. Assuming that the cascaded channel state information is imperfect, we propose a robust beamforming design to minimize the total transmit power by jointly optimizing the transmit beamforming and phase shifts of IRS subject to the outage rate probability constraints. We first transform the outage constraints into deterministic forms by using the Bernstein-type inequality. Then, we applying semidefinite programming to change the original non-convex problem into an equivalent convex problem, and develope an alternate iterative optimization algorithm to obtain a feasible solution of the original problem. Finally, simulation results validate the effectiveness of our proposed scheme.
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
In this paper, we study the transmission design for reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided multiuser communication networks. Different from most of the existing contributions, we consider long-term CSI-based transmission design, where both the beamforming vectors at the base station (BS) and the phase shifts at the RIS are designed based on long-term CSI, which can significantly reduce the channel estimation overhead. Due to the lack of explicit ergodic data rate expression, we propose a novel deep deterministic policy gradient (DDPG) based algorithm to solve the optimization problem, which was trained by using the channel vectors generated in an offline manner. Simulation results demonstrate that the achievable net throughput is higher than that achieved by the conventional instantaneous-CSI based scheme when taking the channel estimation overhead into account.
In this paper, an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) is deployed to assist the terahertz (THz) communications. The sum-rate of user equipments (UEs) is maximized while guaranteeing the rate requirement of each UE. A block coordinate searching (BCS) algorithm is proposed to jointly optimize the IRS's coordinates, phase shifts, THz sub-bands allocation and power control. Specifically, the relaxation with penalties based (RPB) algorithm is developed to guarantee the feasibility of obtained IRS's coordinates and the monotonicity of objective value. In addition, to optimize the IRS's phase shifts, the sub-gradient descent (SGD) algorithm is proposed, where the IRS phase shifts are formulated as closed-form expressions with introduced pricing factors. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme can significantly enhance system performance.
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
This work investigates the effect of double intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) in improving the spectrum efficient of multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network operating in the millimeter wave (mmWave) band. Specifically, we aim to solve a weighted sum rate maximization problem by jointly optimizing the digital precoding at the transmitter and the analog phase shifters at the IRS, subject to the minimum achievable rate constraint. To facilitate the design of an efficient solution, we first reformulate the original problem into a tractable one by exploiting the majorization-minimization (MM) method. Then, a block coordinate descent (BCD) method is proposed to obtain a suboptimal solution, where the precoding matrices and the phase shifters are alternately optimized. Specifically, the digital precoding matrix design problem is solved by the quadratically constrained quadratic programming (QCQP), while the analog phase shift optimization is solved by the Riemannian manifold optimization (RMO). The convergence and computational complexity are analyzed. Finally, simulation results are provided to verify the performance of the proposed design, as well as the effectiveness of double-IRS in improving the spectral efficiency.
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) or intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) has recently been envisioned as one of the most promising technologies in the future sixth-generation (6G) communications. In this paper, we consider the joint optimization of the transmit beamforming at the base station (BS) and the phase shifts at the RIS for an RIS-aided wireless communication system with both hardware impairments and imperfect channel state information (CSI). Specifically, we assume both the BS-user channel and the BS-RIS-user channel are imperfect due to the channel estimation error, and we consider the channel estimation error under the statistical CSI error model. Then, the transmit power of the BS is minimized, subject to the outage probability constraint and the unit-modulus constraints on the reflecting elements. By using Bernstein-type inequality and semidefinite relaxation (SDR) to reformulate the constraints, we transform the optimization problem into a semidefinite programming (SDP) problem. Numerical results show that the proposed robust design algorithm can ensure communication quality of the user in the presence of both hardware impairments and imperfect CSI.
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
This letter theoretically compares the active reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided system with the passive RIS-aided system. For fair comparison, we consider that these two systems have the same overall power budget that can be used at both the base station (BS) and the RIS. For active RIS, we first derive the optimal power allocation between the BS's transmit signal power and RIS's output signal power. We also analyze the impact of various system parameters on the optimal power allocation ratio. Then, we compare the performance between the active RIS and the passive RIS, which demonstrates that the active RIS would be superior if the power budget is not very small and the number of RIS elements is not very large.
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) or intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) has recently been envisioned as one of the most promising technologies in the future sixth-generation (6G) communications. In this paper, we consider the joint optimization of the transmit beamforming at the base station (BS) and the phase shifts at the RIS for an RIS-aided wireless communication system with both hardware impairments and imperfect channel state information (CSI). Specifically, we assume both the BS-user channel and the BS-RIS-user channel are imperfect due to the channel estimation error, and we consider the channel estimation error under the statistical CSI error model. Then, the transmit power of the BS is minimized, subject to the outage probability constraint and the unit-modulus constraints on the reflecting elements. By using Bernstein-type inequality and semidefinite relaxation (SDR) to reformulate the constraints, we transform the optimization problem into a semidefinite programming (SDP) problem. Numerical results show that the proposed robust design algorithm can ensure communication quality of the user in the presence of both hardware impairments and imperfect CSI.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
In the past as well as present wireless communication systems, the wireless propagation environment is regarded as an uncontrollable black box that impairs the received signal quality, and its negative impacts are compensated for by relying on the design of various sophisticated transmission/reception schemes. However, the improvements through applying such schemes operating at two endpoints (i.e., transmitter and receiver) only are limited even after five generations of wireless systems. Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) or intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) have emerged as a new and revolutionary technology that can configure the wireless environment in a favorable manner by properly tuning the phase shifts of a large number of passive and low-cost reflecting elements, thus standing out as a promising candidate technology for the next-/sixth-generation (6G) wireless system. However, to reap the performance benefits promised by RIS/IRS, efficient signal processing techniques are crucial, for a variety of purposes such as channel estimation, transmission design, radio localization, and so on. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of recent advances on RIS/IRS-aided wireless systems from the signal processing perspective. We also highlight promising research directions that are worthy of investigation in the future.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
In this letter, we investigate a reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS)-aided device to device (D2D) communication system over Rician fading channels with imperfect hardware including both hardware impairment at the transceivers and phase noise at the RISs. This paper has optimized the phase shift by a genetic algorithm (GA) method to maximize the achievable rate for the continuous phase shifts (CPSs) and discrete phase shifts (DPSs). We also consider the two special cases of no RIS hardware impairments (N-RIS-HWIs) and no transceiver hardware impairments (N-T-HWIs). We present closed-form expressions for the achievable rate of different cases and study the impact of hardware impairments on the communication quality. Finally, simulation results validate the analytic work.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is a promising technology for future millimeter-wave (mmWave) communication systems. However, its potential benefits of adopting RIS for high-precision positioning in mmWave systems are still less understood. In this paper, we study a multiple-RIS-aided mmWave positioning system and derive the Cram$\rm{\acute{e}}$r-Rao error bound. Based on the derived bound, we optimize the phase shift of the RISs by the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. Numerical results have demonstrated the advantages of using multiple RISs in enhancing the positioning accuracy in mmWave systems.
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
This work investigates the effect of double intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) in improving the spectrum efficient of multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network operating in the millimeter wave (mmWave) band. Specifically, we aim to solve a weighted sum rate maximization problem by jointly optimizing the digital precoding at the transmitter and the analog phase shifters at the IRS, subject to the minimum achievable rate constraint. To facilitate the design of an efficient solution, we first reformulate the original problem into a tractable one by exploiting the majorization-minimization (MM) method. Then, a block coordinate descent (BCD) method is proposed to obtain a suboptimal solution, where the precoding matrices and the phase shifters are alternately optimized. Specifically, the digital precoding matrix design problem is solved by the quadratically constrained quadratic programming (QCQP), while the analog phase shift optimization is solved by the Riemannian manifold optimization (RMO). The convergence and computational complexity are analyzed. Finally, simulation results are provided to verify the performance of the proposed design, as well as the effectiveness of double-IRS in improving the spectral efficiency.
In this paper, we study the transmission design for reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided multiuser communication networks. Different from most of the existing contributions, we consider long-term CSI-based transmission design, where both the beamforming vectors at the base station (BS) and the phase shifts at the RIS are designed based on long-term CSI, which can significantly reduce the channel estimation overhead. Due to the lack of explicit ergodic data rate expression, we propose a novel deep deterministic policy gradient (DDPG) based algorithm to solve the optimization problem, which was trained by using the channel vectors generated in an offline manner. Simulation results demonstrate that the achievable net throughput is higher than that achieved by the conventional instantaneous-CSI based scheme when taking the channel estimation overhead into account.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
In the obstructed tunnels, the signal transmission will suffer the risk of ray-path blocking caused by the obstacles owing to the Snell's law. In this letter, the reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) that can reflect the electromagnetic waves to any specific directions is introduced to mitigate the signal blocking. The closed-form expressions for blocking probability (BP) for one reflection with single RIS and multiple RISs under various scenarios are derived. Compared with the case without RIS, significant reduction of BP can be found with proper configuration of the RIS. Moreover, the impact of the location of RIS, the height of the transmitter, and the location of the receiver, on the BP is investigated. Finally, the case of multiple obstacles with different distributions is discussed to further verify the effectiveness of RIS on reduction of BP.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
In the obstructed tunnels, the signal transmission will suffer the risk of ray-path blocking caused by the obstacles owing to the Snell's law. In this letter, the reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) that can reflect the electromagnetic waves to any specific directions is introduced to mitigate the signal blocking. The closed-form expressions for blocking probability (BP) for one reflection with single RIS and multiple RISs under various scenarios are derived. Compared with the case without RIS, significant reduction of BP can be found with proper configuration of the RIS. Moreover, the impact of the location of RIS, the height of the transmitter, and the location of the receiver, on the BP is investigated. Finally, the case of multiple obstacles with different distributions is discussed to further verify the effectiveness of RIS on reduction of BP.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
Different from conventional wired line connections, industrial control through wireless transmission is widely regarded as a promising solution due to its reduced cost, increased long-term reliability, and enhanced reliability. However, mission-critical applications impose stringent quality of service (QoS) requirements that entail ultra-reliability low-latency communications (URLLC). The primary feature of URLLC is that the blocklength of channel codes is short, and the conventional Shannon’s Capacity is not applicable. In this paper, we consider the URLLC in a factory automation (FA) scenario. Due to densely deployed equipment in FA, wireless signal are easily blocked by the obstacles. To address this issue, we propose to deploy intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) to create an alternative transmission link, which can enhance the transmission reliability. In this paper, we focus on the performance analysis for IRS-aided URLLC-enabled communications in a FA scenario. Both the average data rate (ADR) and the average decoding error probability (ADEP) are derived under finite channel blocklength for seven cases: 1) Rayleigh fading channel; 2) With direct channel link; 3) Nakagami-m fading channel; 4) Imperfect phase alignment; 5) Multiple-IRS case; 6) Rician fading channel; 7) Correlated channels. Extensive numerical results are provided to verify the accuracy of our derived results.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
This paper provides a theoretical framework for understanding the performance of reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) with zero-forcing (ZF) detectors under imperfect channel state information (CSI). We first propose a low-overhead minimum mean square error (MMSE) channel estimator, and then derive and analyze closed-form expressions for the uplink achievable rate. Our analytical results demonstrate that: $1)$ regardless of the RIS phase shift design, the rate of all users scales at least on the order of $\mathcal{O}\left(\log_2\left(MN\right)\right)$, where $M$ and $N$ are the numbers of antennas and reflecting elements, respectively; $2)$ by aligning the RIS phase shifts to one user, the rate of this user can at most scale on the order of $\mathcal{O}\left(\log_2\left(MN^2\right)\right)$; $3)$ either $M$ or the transmit power can be reduced inversely proportional to $N$, while maintaining a given rate. Furthermore, we propose two low-complexity majorization-minimization (MM)-based algorithms to optimize the sum user rate and the minimum user rate, respectively, where closed-form solutions are obtained in each iteration. Finally, simulation results validate all derived analytical results. Our simulation results also show that the maximum sum rate can be closely approached by simply aligning the RIS phase shifts to an arbitrary user.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) are envisioned to be a disruptive wireless communication technique that is capable of reconfiguring the wireless propagation environment. In this paper, we study a free-space RIS-assisted multiple-input single-output (MISO) communication system in far-field operation. To maximize the received power from the physical and electromagnetic nature point of view, a comprehensive optimization, including beamforming of the transmitter, phase shifts of the RIS, orientation and position of the RIS is formulated and addressed. After exploiting the property of line-of-sight (LoS) links, we derive closed-form solutions of beamforming and phase shifts. For the non-trivial RIS position optimization problem in arbitrary three-dimensional space, a dimensional-reducing theory is proved. The simulation results show that the proposed closed-form beamforming and phase shifts approach the upper bound of the received power. The robustness of our proposed solutions in terms of the perturbation is also verified. Moreover, the RIS significantly enhances the performance of the mmWave/THz communication system.
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
We consider a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided massive multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication system with transceiver hardware impairments (HWIs) and RIS phase noise. Different from the existing contributions, the phase shifts of the RIS are designed based on the long-term angle informations. Firstly, an approximate analytical expression of the uplink achievable rate is derived. Then, we use genetic algorithm (GA) to maximize the sum rate and the minimum date rate. Finally, we show that it is crucial to take HWIs into account when designing the phase shift of RIS.
We consider a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided massive multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication system with transceiver hardware impairments (HWIs) and RIS phase noise. Different from the existing contributions, the phase shifts of the RIS are designed based on the long-term angle informations. Firstly, an approximate analytical expression of the uplink achievable rate is derived. Then, we use genetic algorithm (GA) to maximize the sum rate and the minimum date rate. Finally, we show that it is crucial to take HWIs into account when designing the phase shift of RIS.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
Optimally extracting the advantages available from reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) in wireless communications systems requires estimation of the channels to and from the RIS. The process of determining these channels is complicated by the fact that the RIS is typically composed of passive elements without any data processing capabilities, and thus the channels must be estimated indirectly by a non-colocated device, typically a controlling base station. In this article, we examine channel estimation for RIS-based systems from a fundamental viewpoint. We study various possible channel models and the identifiability of the models as a function of the available pilot data and behavior of the RIS during training. In particular, we consider situations with and without line-of-sight propagation, single- and multiple-antenna configurations for the users and base station, correlated and sparse channel models, single-carrier and wideband OFDM scenarios, availability of direct links between the users and base station, exploitation of prior information, as well as a number of other special cases. We further conduct numerical comparisons of achievable performance for various channel models using the relevant Cramer-Rao bounds.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS), consisting of low-cost passive elements, is a promising technology for improving the spectral and energy efficiency of the fifth-generation (5G) and beyond networks. It is also noteworthy that an IRS can shape the reflected signal propagation. Most works in IRS-assisted systems have ignored the impact of the inevitable residual hardware impairments (HWIs) at both the transceiver hardware and the IRS while any relevant works have addressed only simple scenarios, e.g., with single-antenna network nodes and/or without taking the randomness of phase noise at the IRS into account. In this work, we aim at filling up this gap by considering a general IRS-assisted multi-user (MU) multiple-input single-output (MISO) system with imperfect channel state information (CSI) and correlated Rayleigh fading. In parallel, we present a general computationally efficient methodology for IRS reflect beamforming (RB) optimization. Specifically, we introduce an advantageous channel estimation (CE) method for such systems accounting for the HWIs. Moreover, we derive the uplink achievable spectral efficiency (SE) with maximal-ratio combining (MRC) receiver, displaying three significant advantages being: 1) its closed-form expression, 2) its dependence only on large-scale statistics, and 3) its low training overhead. Notably, by exploiting the first two benefits, we achieve to perform optimization with respect to the that can take place only at every several coherence intervals, and thus, reduces significantly the computational cost compared to other methods which require frequent phase optimization. Among the insightful observations, we highlight that uncorrelated Rayleigh fading does not allow optimization of the SE, which makes the application of an IRS ineffective. Also, in the case that the phase drifts, describing the distortion of the phases in the RBM, are uniformly distributed, the presence of an IRS provides no advantage. The analytical results outperform previous works and are verified by Monte-Carlo (MC) simulations.
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
In this paper, intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) is introduced to enhance the network performance of cognitive radio (CR) systems. Specifically, we investigate robust beamforming design based on both bounded channel state information (CSI) error model and statistical CSI error model for primary user (PU)-related channels in IRS-aided CR systems. We jointly optimize the transmit precoding (TPC) at the secondary user (SU) transmitter (ST) and phase shifts at the IRS to minimize the ST’s total transmit power subject to the quality of service of SUs, the limited interference imposed on the PU and unit-modulus of the reflective beamforming. The successive convex approximation (SCA) method, Schur’s complement, General sign-definiteness principle, inverse Chi-square distribution and penalty convex-concave procedure are invoked for dealing with these intricate constraints. The non-convex optimization problems are transformed into several convex subproblems and efficient algorithms are proposed. Simulation results verify the efficiency of the proposed algorithms and reveal the impacts of CSI uncertainties on ST’s minimum transmit power and feasibility rate of the optimization problems. Simulation results also show that the number of transmit antennas at the ST and the number of phase shifts at the IRS should be carefully chosen to balance the channel realization feasibility rate and the total transmit power.
We investigate a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided multi-user massive multiple-input multi-output (MIMO) system where low-resolution digital-analog converters (DACs) are configured at the base station (BS) in order to reduce the cost and power consumption. An approximate analytical expression for the downlink achievable rate is derived based on maximum ratio transmission (MRT) and additive quantization noise model (AQNM), and the rate maximization problem is solved by particle swarm optimization (PSO) method under both continuous phase shifts (CPSs) and discrete phase shifts (DPSs) at the RIS. Simulation results show that the downlink sum achievable rate tends to a constant with the increase of the number of quantization bits of DACs, and four quantization bits are enough to capture a large portion of the performance of the ideal perfect DACs case.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
This letter investigates the reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with a two-timescale design. First, the zero-forcing (ZF) detector is applied at the base station (BS) based on instantaneous aggregated CSI, which is the superposition of the direct channel and the cascaded user-RIS-BS channel. Then, by leveraging the channel statistical property, we derive the closed-form ergodic achievable rate expression. Using a gradient ascent method, we design the RIS passive beamforming only relying on the long-term statistical CSI. We prove that the ergodic rate can reap the gains on the order of $\mathcal{O}\left(\log_{2}\left(MN\right)\right)$, where $M$ and $N$ denote the number of BS antennas and RIS elements, respectively. We also prove the striking superiority of the considered RIS-aided system with ZF detectors over the RIS-free systems and RIS-aided systems with maximum-ratio combining (MRC).
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
This paper investigates the reconfigurable reflecting surface (RIS)-aided multiple-input-single-output (MISO) systems with imperfect channel state information (CSI), where RIS-related channels are modeled by Rician fading. Considering the overhead and complexity in practical systems, we employ the low-complexity maximum ratio combining (MRC) beamforming at the base station (BS), and configure the phase shifts of the RIS based on long-term statistical CSI. Specifically, we first estimate the overall channel matrix based on the linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) estimator, and evaluate the performance of MSE and normalized MSE (NMSE). Then, with the estimated channel, we derive the closed-form expressions of the ergodic rate. The derived expressions show that with Rician RIS-related channels, the rate can maintain at a non-zero value when the transmit power is scaled down proportionally to $1/M$ or $1/N^2$, where $M$ and $N$ are the number of antennas and reflecting elements, respectively. However, if all the RIS-related channels are fully Rayleigh, the transmit power of each user can only be scaled down proportionally to $1/\sqrt{M}$ or $1/N$. Finally, numerical results verify the promising benefits from the RIS to traditional MISO systems.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
We focus on the realistic maximization of the uplink minimum signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of a general multiple-input single-output (MISO) system assisted by an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) in the large system limit accounting for HIs. In particular, we introduce the HIs at both the IRS (IRS-HIs) and the transceiver HIs (AT-HIs), usually neglected despite their inevitable impact. Specifically, the deterministic equivalent analysis enables the derivation of the asymptotic weighted maximum-minimum SINR with HIs by jointly optimizing the HIs-aware receiver, the transmit power, and the reflect beamforming matrix (RBM). Notably, we obtain the optimal power allocation and reflect beamforming matrix with low overhead instead of their frequent necessary computation in conventional MIMO systems based on the instantaneous channel information. Monte Carlo simulations verify the analytical results which show the insightful interplay among the key parameters and the degradation of the performance due to HIs.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
We focus on the realistic maximization of the uplink minimum signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of a general multiple-input single-output (MISO) system assisted by an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) in the large system limit accounting for HIs. In particular, we introduce the HIs at both the IRS (IRS-HIs) and the transceiver HIs (AT-HIs), usually neglected despite their inevitable impact. Specifically, the deterministic equivalent analysis enables the derivation of the asymptotic weighted maximum-minimum SINR with HIs by jointly optimizing the HIs-aware receiver, the transmit power, and the reflect beamforming matrix (RBM). Notably, we obtain the optimal power allocation and reflect beamforming matrix with low overhead instead of their frequent necessary computation in conventional MIMO systems based on the instantaneous channel information. Monte Carlo simulations verify the analytical results which show the insightful interplay among the key parameters and the degradation of the performance due to HIs.
Cunhua Pan
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You are invited to submit your high-quality paper to our special issue of RIS/IRS in IEEE JSTSP. The deadline is 15th November, 2021. Looking forward to your high-quality submission.
 
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
This paper investigates the two-timescale transmission design for reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, where the beamforming at the base station (BS) is adapted to the rapidly-changing instantaneous channel state information (CSI), while the passive beamforming at the RIS is adapted to the slowly-changing statistical CSI. Specifically, we first propose a linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) estimator to obtain the aggregated channel from the users to the BS in each channel coherence interval. Based on the estimated channel, we apply the low-complexity maximal ratio combining (MRC) beamforming at the BS, and then derive the ergodic achievable rate in a closed form expression. To draw design insights, we perform a detailed theoretical analysis departing from the derived ergodic achievable rate. If the BS-RIS channel is Rician distributed, we prove that the transmit power can be scaled proportionally to $1/M$, as the number of BS antennas, $M$, grows to infinity while maintaining a non-zero rate. If the BS-RIS channel is Rayleigh distributed, the transmit power can be scaled either proportionally to $1/\sqrt{M}$ as $M$ grows large, or proportionally to $1/N$ as the number of reflecting elements, $N$, grows large, while still maintaining a non-zero rate. By capitalizing on the derived expression of the data rate under the statistical knowledge of the CSI, we maximize the minimum user rate by designing the passive beamforming at the RIS. Numerical results confirm that, even in the presence of imperfect CSI, the integration of an RIS in massive MIMO systems results in promising performance gains. In addition, the obtained results reveal that it is favorable to place the RIS close to the users rather than close to the BS.
Channel estimation in the RIS-aided massive multiuser multiple-input single-output (MU-MISO) wireless communication systems is challenging due to the passive feature of RIS and the large number of reflecting elements that incur high channel estimation overhead. To address this issue, we propose a novel cascaded channel estimation strategy with low pilot overhead by exploiting the sparsity and the correlation of multiuser cascaded channels in millimeter-wave massive MISO systems. Based on the fact that the phsical positions of the BS, the RIS and users may not change in several or even tens of consecutive channel coherence blocks, we first estimate the full channel state information (CSI) including all the angle and gain information in the first coherence block, and then only re-estimate the channel gains in the remaining coherence blocks with much less pilot overhead. In the first coherence block, we propose a two-phase channel estimation method, in which the cascaded channel of one typical user is estimated in Phase I based on the linear correlation among cascaded paths, while the cascaded channels of other users are estimated in Phase II by utilizing the partial CSI of the common base station (BS)-RIS channel obtained in Phase I. The total theoretical minimum pilot overhead in the first coherence block is $8J-2+(K-1)\left\lceil (8J-2)/L\right\rceil $, where $K$, $L$ and $J$ denote the numbers of users, paths in the BS-RIS channel and paths in the RIS-user channel, respectively. In each of the remaining coherence blocks, the minimum pilot overhead is $JK$. Moreover, the training phase shift matrices at the RIS are optimized to improve the estimation performance.
Cunhua Pan
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The upcoming special issues on Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface/Intelligent Reflecting Surface are collected in the following link. Looking forward to your submissions.
 
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) has emerged as an appealing solution to enhance wireless communication performance by reconfiguring the wireless propagation environment. In this paper, we propose to apply IRS to the physical-layer service integration (PHY-SI) system, where a single-antenna access point (AP) integrates two sorts of service messages, i.e., multicast message and confidential message, via superposition coding to serve multiple single-antenna users. Our goal is to optimize the power allocation (for transmitting different messages) at the AP and the passive beamforming at the IRS to maximize the achievable secrecy rate region. To this end, we formulate this problem as a bi-objective optimization problem, which is shown equivalent to a secrecy rate maximization problem subject to the constraints on the quality of multicast service. Due to the non-convexity of this problem, we propose two customized algorithms to obtain its high-quality suboptimal solutions, thereby approximately characterizing the secrecy rate region. The resulting performance gap with the globally optimal solution is analyzed. Furthermore, we provide theoretical analysis to unveil the impact of IRS beamforming on the performance of PHY-SI. Numerical results demonstrate the advantages of leveraging IRS in improving the performance of PHY-SI and also validate our theoretical analysis.
Cunhua Pan
added an update
We are organizing a workshop about the Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces/Intelligent Reflecting Surface-aided wireless communications in IEEE/CIC international Conference on Communications. The call for papers is available here: https://iccc2021.ieee-iccc.org/authors/call-for-workshop-papers/workshop-on-reconfigurable-intelligent-surfaces-for-next-generation-wireless-communications-ris-for-6g-networks/
The deadline is June 10. Looking forward to your submissions.
 
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
Intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs) are envisioned to be a disruptive wireless communication technique that is capable of reconfiguring the wireless propagation environment. In this paper, we study a far-field IRS-assisted multiple-input single-output (MISO) communication system operating in free space. To maximize the received power of the receiver from the physics and electromagnetic nature point of view, an optimization, including beamforming of the transmitter, phase shifts of the IRS, orientation and position of the IRS is formulated and solved. After exploiting the property of line-of-sight (LoS), we derive closed-form solutions of beamforming and phase shifts. For the non-trivial IRS position optimization problem in arbitrary three-dimensional space, a dimensional-reducing theory is proved, which is useful to reduce the complexity of search method. The simulation results show that the proposed closed-form beamforming and phase shifts are near-optimal solutions. Besides, the IRS significantly enhances the performance of the communication system when it is deployed at the optimal position.
Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) or intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs), are regarded as one of the most promising and revolutionizing techniques for enhancing the spectrum and/or energy efficiency of wireless systems. These devices are capable of reconfiguring the wireless propagation environment by carefully tuning the phase shifts of a large number of low-cost passive reflecting elements. In this article, we aim for answering four fundmental questions: 1) Why do we need RISs? 2) What is an RIS? 3) What are RIS’s applications? 4) What are the relevant challenges and future research directions? In response, eight promising research directions are pointed out.
Cunhua Pan
added 3 research items
Physical-layer key generation (PKG) can generate symmetric keys between two communication ends based on the reciprocal uplink and downlink channels. By smartly reconfiguring the radio signal propagation, intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) is able to improve the secret key rate of PKG. However, existing works involving IRS-assisted PKG are concentrated in single-antenna wireless networks. So this paper investigates the problem of PKG in the IRS-assisted multiple-input single-output (MISO) system, which aims to maximize the secret key rate by optimally designing the IRS passive beamforming. First, we analyze the correlation between channel state information (CSI) of eavesdropper and legitimate ends and derive the expression of the upper bound of secret key rate under passive eavesdropping attack. Then, an optimal algorithm for designing IRS reflecting coefficients based on Semi-Definite Relaxation (SDR) and Taylor expansion is proposed to maximize the secret key rate. Numerical results show that our optimal IRS-assisted PKG scheme can achieve much higher secret key rate when compared with two benchmark schemes.
This paper investigates a symbiotic unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-assisted intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) radio system, where the UAV is leveraged to help the IRS reflect its own signals to the base station, and meanwhile enhance the UAV transmission by passive beamforming at the IRS. First, we consider the weighted sum bit error rate (BER) minimization problem among all IRSs by jointly optimizing the UAV trajectory, IRS phase shift matrix, and IRS scheduling, subject to the minimum primary rate requirements. To tackle this complicated problem, a relaxation-based algorithm is proposed. We prove that the converged relaxation scheduling variables are binary, which means that no reconstruct strategy is needed, and thus the UAV rate constraints are automatically satisfied. Second, we consider the fairness BER optimization problem. We find that the relaxation-based method cannot solve this fairness BER problem since the minimum primary rate requirements may not be satisfied by the binary reconstruction operation. To address this issue, we first transform the binary constraints into a series of equivalent equality constraints. Then, a penalty-based algorithm is proposed to obtain a suboptimal solution. Numerical results are provided to evaluate the performance of the proposed designs under different setups, as compared with benchmarks.
In this paper, we investigate a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) aided multi-pair communication system, in which multi-pair users exchange information via an RIS. We derive an approximate expression for the achievable rate by assuming that statistical channel state information (CSI) is available. A genetic algorithm (GA) to solve the rate maximization problem is proposed as well. In particular, we consider implementations of RISs with continuous phase shifts (CPSs) and discrete phase shifts (DPSs). Simulation results verify the obtained results and show that the proposed GA method has almost the same performance as the globally optimal solution. In addition, numerical results show that three quantization bits can achieve a large portion of the achievable rate for the CPSs setup.
Cunhua Pan
added an update
Dear Colleagues,
Hope you are keeping well at this moment. You are cordially invited to submit high-quality magazine papers to the special issue on the topic of Backscatter/RIS/IRS in IEEE VT magazine (IF: 7.921). The deadline is 29, July, 2021.
Best Regards
Cunhua
 
Cunhua Pan
added an update
Dear all colleagues,
Hope you are keeping well. We would like to draw your attention to the following CFP in IEEE OJVT about the topic of Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces/Intelligent Reflecting Surface:
The deadline is : August 15, 2021
Looking forward to your submission.
Best Regards
Cunhua
 
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
Different from conventional wired line connections, industrial control through wireless transmission is widely regarded as a promising solution due to its reduced cost, increased long-term reliability, and enhanced reliability. However, mission-critical applications impose stringent quality of service (QoS) requirements that entail ultra-reliability low-latency communications (URLLC). The primary feature of URLLC is that the blocklength of channel codes is short, and the conventional Shannon’s Capacity is not applicable. In this paper, we consider the URLLC in a factory automation (FA) scenario. Due to densely deployed equipment in FA, wireless signal are easily blocked by the obstacles. To address this issue, we propose to deploy intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) to create an alternative transmission link, which can enhance the transmission reliability. In this paper, we focus on the performance analysis for IRS-aided URLLC-enabled communications in a FA scenario. Both the average data rate (ADR) and the average decoding error probability (ADEP) are derived under finite channel blocklength for seven cases: 1) Rayleigh fading channel; 2) With direct channel link; 3) Nakagami-m fading channel; 4) Imperfect phase alignment; 5) Multiple-IRS case; 6) Rician fading channel; 7) Correlated channels. Extensive numerical results are provided to verify the accuracy of our derived results.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
We investigate a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided multi-user massive multiple-input multi-output (MIMO) system where low-resolution digital-analog converters (DACs) are configured at the base station (BS) in order to reduce the cost and power consumption. An approximate analytical expression for the downlink achievable rate is derived based on maximum ratio transmission (MRT) and additive quantization noise model (AQNM), and the rate maximization problem is solved by particle swarm optimization (PSO) method under both continuous phase shifts (CPSs) and discrete phase shifts (DPSs) at the RIS. Simulation results show that the downlink sum achievable rate tends to a constant with the increase of the number of quantization bits of DACs, and three quantization bits are enough to capture a large portion of the performance of the ideal perfect DACs case.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
In practice, residual transceiver hardware impairments inevitably lead to distortion noise which causes the performance loss. In this paper, we study the robust transmission design for a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided secure communication system in the presence of transceiver hardware impairments. We aim for maximizing the secrecy rate while ensuring the transmit power constraint on the active beamforming at the base station and the unit-modulus constraint on the passive beamforming at the RIS. To address this problem, we adopt the alternate optimization method to iteratively optimize one set of variables while keeping the other set fixed. Specifically, the successive convex approximation (SCA) method is used to solve the active beamforming optimization subproblem, while the passive beamforming is obtained by using the semidefinite program (SDP) method. Numerical results illustrate that the proposed transmission design scheme is more robust to the hardware impairments than the conventional non-robust scheme that ignores the impact of the hardware impairments.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
In this paper, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and intelligent reflective surface (IRS) are utilized to support terahertz (THz) communications. To this end, the joint optimization of UAV’s trajectory, the phase shift of IRS, the allocation of THz sub-bands, and the power control are investigated to maximize the minimum average achievable rate of all users. An iteration algorithm based on successive Convex Approximation with the Rate constraint penalty (CAR) is developed to obtain UAV’s trajectory, and the IRS phase shift is formulated as a closed-form expression with introduced pricing factors. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme significantly enhances the rate performance of the whole system.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
In this letter, we propose a novel encrypted data transmission scheme using an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) to generate secret keys in wireless communication networks. We show that perfectly secure one-time pad (OTP) communications can be established by using a simple random phase shifting of the IRS elements. To maximize the secure transmission rate, we design an optimal time slot allocation algorithm for the IRS secret key generation and the encrypted data transmission phases. Moreover, a theoretical expression of the key generation rate is derived based on Poisson point process (PPP) for the practical scenario when eavesdroppers' channel state information (CSI) is unavailable. Simulation results show that employing our IRS-based scheme can significantly improve the encrypted data transmission performance for a wide-range of wireless channel gains and system parameters.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
This paper investigates the performance of reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided massive multiple-input multiple-output (mMIMO) systems with direct links, and the phase shifts of the RIS are designed based on the statistical channel state information (CSI). We first derive the closed-form expression of the uplink ergodic data rate. Then, based on the derived expression, we use the genetic algorithm (GA) to solve the sum data rate maximization problem. With low-complexity maximal-ratio combination (MRC) and low-overhead statistical CSI-based scheme, we validate that the RIS can bring significant performance gains to the traditional mMIMO systems.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
Most works in IRS-assisted systems have ignored the impact of the inevitable residual hardware impairments (HWIs) at both the transceiver hardware and the IRS while any relevant works have addressed only simple scenarios, e.g., with single-antenna network nodes and/or without taking the randomness of phase noise at the IRS into account. In this work, we aim at filling up this gap by considering a general IRS-assisted multi-user (MU) multiple-input single-output (MISO) system with imperfect CSI and correlated Rayleigh fading. In parallel, we present a general computationally efficient methodology for IRS reflect beamforming (RB) optimization. Specifically, we introduce an advantageous channel estimation (CE) method for such systems accounting for the HWIs. Moreover, we derive the uplink achievable spectral efficiency (SE) with maximal-ratio combining (MRC) receiver, displaying three significant advantages being: 1) its closed-form expression, 2) its dependence only on large-scale statistics, and 3) its low training overhead. Notably, by exploiting the first two benefits, we achieve to perform optimization with respect to the reflect beamforming matrix (RBM) that can take place only at every several coherence intervals, and thus, reduces significantly the computational cost compared to other methods which require frequent phase optimization. Among the insightful observations, we highlight that uncorrelated Rayleigh fading does not allow optimization of the SE, which makes the application of an IRS ineffective. Also, in the case that the phase drifts, describing the distortion of the phases in the RBM, are uniformly distributed, the presence of an IRS provides no advantage. The analytical results outperform previous works and are verified by Monte-Carlo (MC) simulations.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
This paper proposes a new simultaneous terahertz (THz) information and power transfer (STIPT) system, which is assisted by reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) for both the information data and power transmission. We aim to maximize the information users' (IUs') data rate while guaranteeing the energy users' (EUs') and RIS's power harvesting requirements. To solve the formulated non-convex problem, the block coordinate descent (BCD) based algorithm is adopted to alternately optimize the transmit precoding of IUs, RIS's reflecting coefficients, and RIS's coordinate. The Penalty Constrained Convex Approximation (PCCA) Algorithm is proposed to solve the intractable optimization problem of the RIS's coordinate, where the solution's feasibility is guaranteed by the introduced penalties. Simulation results confirm that the proposed BCD algorithm can significantly enhance the performance of STIPT by employing RIS.
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
Along with the proliferation of sensors and of smart devices, an explosive volume of data will be generated. However, restricted by their limited physical sizes and low manufacturing costs, these wireless devices are typically equipped with limited computational capabilities and battery lives and thus incapable of processing data time-efficiently. To overcome this issue, the paradigm of mobile edge computing (MEC) is proposed, where wireless devices may offload all or a fraction of their computation tasks to their nearby computing nodes deployed at the network edge. At the time of writing, the benefits of MEC systems have not been fully exploited, predominately because the computation offloading link is still far from the perfect. In this article, we propose to empower the MEC systems by exploiting the emerging technique of reconfigurable intelligent surfaces, which is capable of reconfiguring the wireless propagation environments and hence of enhancing the offloading links. The beneficial role of RISs can be exploited by jointly optimizing both the RISs as well as communications and computing resource allocations of MEC systems, which imposes new research challenges on the systemic design and thus necessitates a specific investigation. Against this background, this article provides an overview of RIS-assisted MEC systems and highlights their four use cases as well as their design challenges and solutions. Then their advantageous performance is validated with the aid of a specific case study. Finally, a guide on future research opportunities is elucidated.
Cunhua Pan
added 2 research items
In this paper, large-scale intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)-assisted multiple-input single-output (MISO) system is considered in the presence of channel uncertainty. To maximize the average sum rate of the system by jointly optimizing the active beamforming at the BS and the passive phase shifts at the IRS, while satisfying the power constraints, a novel robust beamforming design is proposed by using the penalty dual decomposition (PDD) algorithm. By applying the upper bound maximization/minimization (BSUM) method, in each iteration of the algorithm, the optimal solution for each variable can be obtained with closed-form expression. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme achieves high performance with very low computational complexity.
Low-cost passive intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs) have recently been envisioned as a revolutionary technology capable of reconfiguring the wireless propagation environment through carefully tuning reflection elements. This paper proposes deploying an IRS to cover the dead zone of cellular multiuser full-duplex (FD) two-way communication links while suppressing user-side self-interference (SI) and co-channel interference (CI). Based on information exchanged by the base station (BS) and all users, this approach can potentially double the spectral efficiency. To ensure network fairness, we jointly optimize the precoding matrix of the BS and the reflection coefficients of the IRS to maximize the weighted minimum rate (WMR) of all users, subject to maximum transmit power and unitmodulus constraints. We reformulate this non-convex problem and decouple it into two subproblems. Then the optimization variables in the equivalent problem are alternately optimized by adopting the block coordinate descent (BCD) algorithm. In order to further reduce the computational complexity, we propose the minorization-maximization (MM) algorithm for optimizing the precoding matrix and the reflection coefficient vector by defining minorizing functions in the surrogate problems. Finally, simulation results confirm the convergence and efficiency of our proposed algorithm, and validate the advantages of introducing IRS to improve coverage in blind areas.
Cunhua Pan
added 3 research items
In this paper, we investigate the design of robust and secure transmission in intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) aided wireless communication systems. In particular, a multi-antenna access point (AP) communicates with a single-antenna legitimate receiver in the presence of multiple single-antenna eavesdroppers, where the artificial noise (AN) is transmitted to enhance the security performance. Besides, we assume that the cascaded AP-IRS-user channels are imperfect due to the channel estimation error. To minimize the transmit power, the beamforming vector at the transmitter, the AN covariance matrix, and the IRS phase shifts are jointly optimized subject to the outage rate probability constraints under the statistical cascaded channel state information (CSI) error model. To handle the resulting non-convex optimization problem, we first approximate the outage rate probability constraints by using the Bernstein-type inequality. Then, we develop a suboptimal algorithm based on alternating optimization, the penalty-based and semidefinite relaxation methods. Simulation results reveal that the proposed scheme significantly reduces the transmit power compared to other benchmark schemes.
In this paper, we derive the uplink achievable rate expression of intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)-aided millimeter-wave (mmWave) systems, taking into account the phase noise at IRS and the quantization error at base stations (BSs). We show that the performance is limited only by the resolution of analog-digital converters (ADCs) at BSs when the number of IRS reflectors grows without bound. On the other hand, if BSs have ideal ADCs, the performance loss caused by IRS phase noise is constant. Finally, our results validate the feasibility of using low-precision hardware at the IRS when BSs are equipped with low-resolution ADCs.
A fundamental challenge for millimeter wave (mmWave) communications lies in its sensitivity to the presence of blockages, which impact the connectivity of the communication links and ultimately the reliability of the network. In this paper, we analyze a mmWave communication system assisted by multiple reconfigurable intelligent surface (RISs) for enhancing the network reliability and connectivity in the presence of random blockages. To enhance the robustness of beamforming in the presence of random blockages, we formulate a stochastic optimization problem based on the minimization of the sum outage probability. To tackle the proposed optimization problem, we introduce a low-complexity algorithm based on the stochastic block gradient descent method, which learns sensible blockage patterns without searching for all combinations of potentially blocked links. Numerical results confirm the performance benefits of the proposed algorithm in terms of outage probability and effective data rate.
Cunhua Pan
added an update
Dear colleagues,
Happy new year, and hope you are keeping well at this moment.
Recently, I was invited by the journal of RS-OJICT as the area editor on the topic of IRS/RIS. The information of this journal is given as follows:
There are some special issues of the hot topics in this journal, such as UAV/drone communications, Terahertz communications, blockchain communications, AI-aided communications.
Now we need to establish a special issue for another hot topic of IRS/RIS. To this end, we need to build the editorial team of highly qualified researchers to serve for the journal as qualified editors under the IRS section. The editors should be active and responsive to the journal tasks in order to guarantee meeting the high quality standards of the journal and provide excellent services to authors and readers alike.
In general, the editors should already obtain the Phd degree.
If you are interested, pls drop me an email c.pan@qmul.ac.uk along with your brief bio.
Looking forward to your email.
Best Regards
Cunhua
 
Cunhua Pan
added an update
Dear Colleagues,
Hope you are keeping healthy and well at this tough moment.
We would like to draw your attention to this CFP in IEEE ACCESS about the topic of RIS/IRS:
Any submitted papers will be sent for review immediately. Hence, no need to wait for the final deadline. The first decision is expected to return within one month. Fast publication and high-quality review are our priority. Looking forward to your submission.
Happy New Year!
Cheers
Cunhua
 
Cunhua Pan
added a research item
In practice, residual transceiver hardware impairments inevitably lead to distortion noise which causes the performance loss. In this paper, we study the robust transmission design for a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided secure communication system in the presence of transceiver hardware impairments. We aim for maximizing the secrecy rate while ensuring the transmit power constraint on the active beamforming at the base station and the unit-modulus constraint on the passive beamforming at the RIS. To address this problem, we adopt the alternate optimization method to iteratively optimize one set of variables while keeping the other set fixed. Specifically, the successive convex approximation (SCA) method is used to solve the active beamforming optimization subproblem, while the passive beamforming is obtained by using the semidefinite program (SDP) method. Numerical results illustrate that the proposed transmission design scheme is more robust to the hardware impairments than the conventional non-robust scheme that ignores the impact of the hardware impairments.