Project

Psychology Identity

Goal: Analysis of the perceptions of Portuguese psychologists in relation to the exclusive goal of psychological intervention.

Date: 1 April 2016

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Miguel Ricou
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Background. Rationality, emotions, and intuition all seem to underlie the decision-making process. In a profession such as psychology, it is crucial to improve the rational dimension of decision making. Ethical reasoning can be compared to moral decision-making, but it is also linked to professional judgment. In psychology and other professions, ethical reasoning seems to be the basis for the development of professional skills. Objective. Present and discuss the role that rationality, emotions, and intuition can play in people’s decision making, especially in the feld of psychological intervention. Design. A theoretical perspective is presented which takes into account the relevant literature in the feld. Results. We support the idea of fve fundamental preconditions for ethical reasoning: self-knowledge, excellent training, experience or supervision, humility, and intervision. We recommend that psychologists meet these conditions in their professional decision making in order to promote the best quality of professional practice. Conclusion. We can say that ethical reasoning is a professional moral decision. As professionals, we are primarily intuitive in our decision making, which is why we make decisions almost automatically; but our decisions are based on our professional experience. Psychologists should refect on and understand the processes involved in decision making in order to avoid conclusions based on their personal experiences.
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Background: Today, psychology benefits from widespread acknowledgement, being taken into account and used in a growing number of spheres of society. Nonetheless, not always does this profession follow such acknowledgment, which becomes a real employability problem for psychologists who are looking for a job in Portugal. Moreover, in an ever more specialized and flexible world in what concerns professional identities and careers, the development of psychology as a profession demands the establishment of guidelines and limits, besides an introspective attitude about the current psychological practice. Otherwise, psychology as a profession risks losing its identity, shrinking with the pressure that is imposed on it by its different specialties and areas of action. Goals: We characterized the perceptions of Portuguese psychologists about the exclusive goal of psychological intervention, the tasks that are exclusively performed by psychologists and, also, the tasks that are performed by psychologists but which may also be performed by other professionals who are not psychologists. This analysis aimed to reveal if psychologists share a common and clear standing on this matter. Methods: We used a three open-answer question questionnaire, which was specifically designed for this study. Data analysis was performed using thematic categorical content analysis. Results: Our results stress that psychologists lack agreement concerning the three questions under study, which created a significant number of subcategories. Furthermore, we found answers that are clearly incorrect regarding these three issues, as well as a lack of response from a few participants. Discussion: We discuss the potential implications of the results for psychologists' professional practice, as well as for the construction of a solid identity that may promote the general public's trust in psychologists. Also, we reflect on the need to define a single and exclusive goal for psychological intervention, one that is able to integrate the diversity of interventions in the field of psychology.
Private Profile
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Background: Today, psychology benefits from widespread acknowledgement, being taken into account and used in a growing number of spheres of society. Nonetheless, not always does this profession follow such acknowledgment, which becomes a real employability problem for psychologists who are looking for a job in Portugal. Moreover, in an ever more specialized and flexible world in what concerns professional identities and careers, the development of psychology as a profession demands the establishment of guidelines and limits, besides an introspective attitude about the current psychological practice. Otherwise, psychology as a profession risks losing its identity, shrinking with the pressure that is imposed on it by its different specialties and areas of action. Goals: We characterized the perceptions of Portuguese psychologists about the exclusive goal of psychological intervention, the tasks that are exclusively performed by psychologists and, also, the tasks that are performed by psychologists but which may also be performed by other professionals who are not psychologists. This analysis aimed to reveal if psychologists share a common and clear standing on this matter. Methods: We used a three open-answer question questionnaire, which was specifically designed for this study. Data analysis was performed using thematic categorical content analysis. Results: Our results stress that psychologists lack agreement concerning the three questions under study, which created a significant number of subcategories. Furthermore, we found answers that are clearly incorrect regarding these three issues, as well as a lack of response from a few participants. Discussion: We discuss the potential implications of the results for psychologists' professional practice, as well as for the construction of a solid identity that may promote the general public's trust in psychologists. Also, we reflect on the need to define a single and exclusive goal for psychological intervention, one that is able to integrate the diversity of interventions in the field of psychology.
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Miguel Ricou
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A necessidade de compreender o core básico da intervenção psicológica tem ganho relevância nas mais recentes décadas. Este panorama surgiu a partir das numerosas mudanças que ocorreram na formação dos psicólogos, nas perspetivas profissionais, e também, dada a expansão do mercado de trabalho. Tais considerações devem fazer-nos refletir sobre a identidade profissional dos psicólogos no presente e, consequentemente, sobre a identidade da Psicologia como área científica. Assim, o presente poster apresenta uma revisão sistemática da literatura das principais considerações obtidas. Todas as fases envolvidas no desenvolvimento desta revisão sistemática da literatura são sistematizadas e os seus principais resultados são apresentados.
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Questionnaire elaborated specifically for this study. Includes three open answer questions that allowed us to collect information about the way psychologists perceive their professional identity, as well as psychology intervention.
 
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Analysis of the perceptions of Portuguese psychologists in relation to the exclusive goal of psychological intervention.