Research included a quantitative research method (questionnaire). This questionnaire has been made in order to get an insight in the level of knowledge on the crisis management system in the institution, to get an insight in the preparedness for reaction in case of catastrophe and the need to take measures for improvement of the preparedness for crisis management. We had a total number of 19 questions, 3 of them open-ended, other 16 close-ended; the first 6 questions were in line with the general information about the participants, other refer to the specific topic of our research. More specifically, we conducted a questionnaire with 53 people with disabilities (12 visually impaired, 28 hearing impaired , 10 with intellectual disability and 3 physically disabled), and with 90 persons without disabilities (students from primary and secondary mainstream schools).
In this paper we elaborate the preconditions of realisation of the right to protection in situations of disasters in three European countries - N. Macedonia, Spain, and Bulgaria, through overview of crisis management systems in those countries. Thus, regarding prevention, the risk assessment, the planning and the risk awareness raising, were analyzed, separately in each of these countries. Within emergency preparedness, the early warning systems were also analyzed. In addition, one of the research questions was the current emergency response, which was also analyzed in each of these countries. The aim of this paper is to identify the basic indicators of the current situation regarding disaster management, as well as to find out whether there is a need for improvement in some parts, in order to achieve full realization of the right to protection in situation of disaster. The research is based on analysis of the legal frameworks, official reports, and semi-structured interviews with representatives of the relevant state institutions in each of the countries.9 Keywords: Right to protection, crisis management system, prevention, preparedness, response.