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Popular social mobilisation

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Simon Escoffier
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While academics have addressed the interaction between mobilisation and citizenship in a myriad of ways, none of them have used citizenship to explain the sustainability of collective action. Drawing on an ethnographic fieldwork in Santiago de Chile's underprivileged neighbourhoods, this paper provides an analytical framework explaining how neighbourhood activists sustain mobilisation on the basis of citizenship construction despite Chile's transitional and post-transitional stark political exclusion. This article calls this concept 'mobilisational citizenship'. Building on the notion of rights-claiming, mobilisational citizenship explains how durable mobilisation results from the dynamic interaction between four factors: agentic memory, mobilising belonging, mobilising boundaries and decentralised protagonism. Through mobilisational citizenship, local residents politicise their neighbourhood, build autonomous local empowerment and self-define their political incorporation.
Simon Escoffier
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A pesar de una larga historia de movilización social, desde 1990 los pobres urbanos de Chile han sido representados como actores políticos pasivos que sufren de segregación y patologías sociales. Sin embargo, basando en mi investigación en la comuna de Peñalolén de Santiago, sostengo que en algunos casos las personas desprivilegiadas en el Chile urbano han sido capaces de organizar resistencia sostenible, reivindicando su derecho a la ciudad.