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Philosophical Critique

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George Katsiaficas
added a research item
Negative Reaction to Black Lives Matter includes Leftist Christian Parenti, who launches a sectarian attack on Herbert Marcuse and Erica Sherover-Marcuse using faulty facts. The New Left of 1968 to 1970 was world-historical, meaning that subsequent movements have very similar forms of insurgencies. Change oneself to change the world is vital to liberation from global capitalism.
George Katsiaficas
added a research item
Idealization of European forms of civil society has prevented Western comprehension of social and political development in other societies. Not so long ago, Euro-American expansionism was driven by now obsolete notions like Manifest Destiny, the White Man’s Burden, and Civilizing Mission (mission civilisatrice). Today, more subtle but no less condescending conceptions of superiority and universal applicability fuel the West’s appetite to universalize its form of “democracy” and “freedom.” The scholarly establishment’s exogenous understanding of civil society is a modern equivalent to antiquated racist categories that justified colonialism and genocide. The original conception of civil society was grounded in the specific historical form it took in Western Europe. A brief survey of Europe’s historical development clarifies its unique character. Following a critical review of Eurocentric theories, especially focused on Jürgen Habermas and Herbert Marcuse, I explore alternative forms of civil society in Korea and the Middle East.