Project

Pentatomoidea, Morphological taxonomy, molecular investigations, distribution, host plants, pest control, biodiversity and alien species

Goal: Pentatomidae, Acanthosomatidae, Scutelleridae, Cydnidae, Dinidoridae & Tessaratomidae

Updates
0 new
0
Recommendations
0 new
0
Followers
0 new
60
Reads
0 new
581

Project log

Torsten van der Heyden
added a research item
Reporting the second record of Solenosthedium bilunatum (Lefèbvre, 1827) in Albania, the presence of the species in the country is confirmed. Information on the known distribution of S. bilunatum in Europe is summarized.
Torsten van der Heyden
added a research item
The first record of Dryadocoris apicalis (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1842) for Greece is reported. Information on the known distribution of the species is summarized.
Torsten van der Heyden
added a research item
In the last decades the Asiatic brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855) (BMSB) infested North America and recently Europe, where it was recorded in many countries. The new record from Algeria is recent (2021) and concerns an adult photographed in the city of Skikda at the Mediterranean coast of the country. There is a penetration of pests in Algeria by commercial business, mainly from Spain and Morocco, probably in the area of the port. Skikda is connected to other Mediterranean ports from coast to coast on a daily basis.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
Specimens of Amnestus pusillus were collected in Veneto, Italy, at light. The species is of American origin and, outside its natural range, has been recorded previously from Iran and Asian part of Turkey. The present record is the first for Europe. Key words: Alien species, Burrower Bugs, Amnestus pusillus, Cydnidae, New record, Europe, Italy
Paride Dioli
added a research item
Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) is recorded for the first time in Europe. Collected specimens in 2020 from Albania were identified by comparing the length of their rostrum. This species can acclimatize on two local trees, namely Tilia cordata Miller, 1768 and Ziziphus jujuba Miller, 1768.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
Ellipsocoris kalashiani is recorded for the first time in Apulia (Southern Italy). The specie was described by Carapezza (2009) from Eastern Turkey and Western Armenia, but no records have ever been reported for Europe. Recently, few individuals of this species were found in Alta Murgia National Park (Apulia, Italy), a Special Protection Area (SPA) and Site of Community Importance (SCI), characterized by natural forests and dry grassland habitats, with Mediterranean-steppe vegetation. The specimens were collected in two different localities, about 40 km apart from each other, suggesting a long-standing presence in that area. This study provides the first report of the species for the Italian Heteroptera fauna and several hypotheses about its presence there. However, further investigations are needed in order to clarify some ecological aspects, such as its unknown host plant.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
Abstract: The first report of Phimodera flori Fieber, 1863 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) in the Balkan Peninsula (Mt. Olympus, Greece) is presented. This continental European and Central Asian species is rare in southern Europe where it has been found only at high altitudes of the Alps and the Pyrenees so far. It has been regarded as extinct from the 1970’s in many countries. The species is recorded for the first time for Greece, being Mt. Olympus the southernmost known locality. Key words: Phimodera flori, Hemiptera, Scutelleridae, Mount Olympus, Greece, Balkan Peninsula, new record.
Torsten van der Heyden
added a research item
The presence of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), in mainland Portugal is confirmed. The European and Iberian distribution of the species is summarized. A possible approach to deal with this problematic pest in the country is briefly discussed.
Torsten van der Heyden
added 4 research items
The first records of Dryadocoris apicalis for Albania are reported. Information on the known distribution of the species is summarized.
A record of an adult specimen of Sphaerocoris annulus (FABRICIUS, 1775) in Zambia is reported. Additional information on the distribution and the ecology of this species is given.
Records of Solenosthedium bilunatum (Lefèbvre, 1827) (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) from the Italian island of Ustica and the Spanish island of Ibiza are reported. The European distribution of the species is summarized and discussed.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
The genus Erthesina is recorded for the first time in Europe. It has been observed at least 16 times in Albania since 2017 and since nymphs were found, it means the species is well implanted, can survive in winter, may become invasive and cause damage to crops.
Paride Dioli
added 5 research items
In this paper, new records on some rare Heteroptera (Hemiptera) from East and South East Anatolian Region of Turkey are given.
Polyphagous phytophagous organisms that shelter in man-made objects have a higher chance of becoming invasive fast-spreading pests, going undetected during phytosanitary checks and travelling with any type of goods. However, if the same organisms are also a household nuisance, they could be used in crowdsourcing surveys aimed at their early detection and to track their spread in real time. By participating in these surveys, people can be educated on the destructive potential of invasive species and on sustainable management options. Yet, in order to obtain good-quality data, useful to plant protection stakeholders, a one-to-one approach with people is crucial. The case study is the Italian invasion of Halyomorpha halys, among the most dangerous crop-threatening pests globally. A four-year survey that combined active search and a crowdsourcing approach, made the tracking of its spread and investigation of its spatio-temporal dynamics possible, showing the functionality of coordinated multi-actor approach in data collection. https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bioscience BioScience Pre-Publication-Uncorrected Proof
Silvia Sau
added a research item
La presenza di Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) è stata rilevata per la prima volta alla fine del 2006 nei raccolti di pomodori in Spagna. Si è diffusa in tutta la regione mediterranea con grande rapidità grazie alle condizioni agro-ecologiche favorevoli. Il potenziale impatto di T. absoluta è molto alto sia nelle coltivazioni in serra che in campo. Il parassita procura danni durante l'intero ciclo di crescita dei pomodori, i quali non possono essere destinati né al mercato né alla lavorazione. Senza misure di controllo, il danno potenziale può causare fino al 100% di perdita del raccolto. T. absoluta ha sviluppato una ridotta suscettibilità e resistenza agli insetticidi chimici in precedenza risultati efficaci; inoltre in Sud America è stato riportato il mancato successo da parte degli insetticidi sintetici. A ciò si aggiunge il fatto che le gallerie proteggono le larve dagli insetticidi per contatto. D'altro canto, i pesticidi chimici uccidono i predatori naturali e i parassitoidi, mentre i rischi per la salute e l'ambiente impongono severe restrizioni sull'uso del metodo di controllo dei prodotti chimici da parte dei coltivatori di pomodori destinati all'esportazione nella regione mediterranea. Di conseguenza, è necessario implementare urgentemente un approccio di gestione alternativo per questo parassita. In questo lavoro l'efficacia dei limitatori indigeni Necremnus artynes (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) e Macrolophus pygmaeus (Hemiptera, Miridae) è stata valutata per accertarne il potenziale ruolo di antagonisti naturali nei confronti del parassita. Questo potrebbe rappresentare un eventuale punto di partenza per una tecnica di gestione sostenibile, efficace ed ecologica.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
Polyphagous phytophagous organisms that shelter in man-made objects have a higher chance of becoming invasive fast-spreading pests, going undetected during phytosanitary checks and travelling with any type of goods. However, if the same organisms are also a household nuisance, they could be used in crowdsourcing surveys aimed at their early detection and to track their spread in real time. By participating in these surveys, people can be educated on the destructive potential of invasive species and on sustainable management options. Yet, in order to obtain good-quality data, useful to plant protection stakeholders, a one-to-one approach with people is crucial. The case study is the Italian invasion of Halyomorpha halys, among the most dangerous crop-threatening pests globally. A four-year survey that combined active search and a crowdsourcing approach, made the tracking of its spread and investigation of its spatio-temporal dynamics possible, showing the functionality of coordinated multi-actor approach in data collection. Keywords Invasive species, citizen science, crop and nuisance pest, population abundance, Brown Marmorated Stink Bug
Paride Dioli
added a research item
In the Provinces of Bingöl, Elazığ and Tunceli were collected 13 species belonging to Pentatomidae family and 5 species belonging to Scutelleridae family. Among these species. Vilpianus galii (Wolff, 1802) and Odontotarsus crassus (Kiritshenko, 1966) specimens has been frstly recorded in East Anatolia fauna. They were rare species in the fauna. The behavior of all identified species in agricultural ecosystems needs to be observed.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
The regions in which Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855) occurs in Italy are summarized and ordered chronologically according to the date of the first record. Details and verification about the first Italian record from Liguria (often overlooked), that dates back to 2007 the introduction of H. halys in this country, are also given. First exact localities are listed for the Italian regions of Tuscany, Marche, Latium, Abruzzo, Campania, and Apulia, in which only general occurrence was known so far. We included also additional records from Trentino-Alto Adige, where the presence of H. halys has only recently been reported through a few data. Furthermore first records for Sweden, Central Macedonia (Greece), and Manitoba (Canada) are reported, as well as first intercepted specimens from Iceland.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
In this paper, the presence of a rare species from Turkey, Tshingisella bella Kiritshenko, 1913 is discussed. One specimen was found in the area of Sivrice lake where is present the host plant Astragalus sp.
Paride Dioli
added a project reference
Paride Dioli
added a research item
Halyomorpha halys is an invasive stink bug pest originating from East Asia. In Europe, it was first detected in Switzerland in 2004. It is now present in thirteen countries, and seems to be spreading throughout the continent. In Italy, where it has been recorded since 2012, other than being an urban nuisance, it is causing severe damage in commercial fruit orchards. An integrated approach, using current and previous observational data in space and time and molecular information, was used to identify the genetic diversity of this pest in Europe, its invasion history, and the potential pathways of entry and diffusion. The analysis of 1175 bp of mitochondrial DNA cytochrome c oxidase I and II genes (cox1, cox2) led to the identification of twenty previously unknown haplotypes. The European distribution of H. halys is the result of multiple invasions that are still in progress, and, in some cases, it was possible to identify the specific Asian areas of origin. Moreover, secondary invasions could have occurred among European countries by a bridgehead effect. In Italy, the data were more clearly related to their temporal occurrence, allowing for a clearer reading of the patterns of invasion and dispersion. After having successfully established in localized areas, H. halys further expanded its range by an active dispersion process and/or by jump dispersal events due to passive transport. The multiple introductions from different areas of the native range together with the different patterns of diffusion of H. halys, may hamper the pest management strategies for its containment.
Paride Dioli
added a project reference
Paride Dioli
added a research item
First report of Elasmucha ferrugata (Fabricius, 1787) (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, acanthosomatidae) in Lombardy (Italy) and notes on the distribution of the species in Italy and Europe. Elasmucha ferrugata (F.), is a Shield Bug (Fam. Acanthosomatidae) of which very few locations, throughout Italy, are known. Recently, this species has been found for the first time in Lombardy; after a verification on specimens present in Italian Museums, we found new data on host plants (Ledum palustre) which deserve mention.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
The Asiatic brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855), in the last decade infested North America and, recently, Europe and Italy, where it was recorded in Lombardy. Until 2014, it was not recorded in Valtellina, and, in 2015, fourteen pheromone-baited traps were placed in vineyards and apple orchards. Captures indicated that H. halys climbed rapidly the valley, by flight along “Costiera dei Cech”, Northern Morbegno, and by commercial transports. In one locality (Northern Lake of Como - Sorico) feeding activity caused deformity on pears. The species was recorded also on pomegranate, quince, and pepper. In 2016 the catch of several specimens in Sondrio and Ponte in Valtellina confirmed that the species established in this area.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
Halyomorpha halys is an invasive polyphagous pest with a high negative impact on fruit orchards and other agricultural crops in the USA. In Italy, it was first detected in 2012 in Emilia Romagna, a northern region that is among the major European tree fruit production areas. A specific monitoring programme using active techniques was carried out in pear orchards and adjacent uncultivated areas between 2014 and 2016 to assess the abundance, seasonality and impact of H. halys and other phytophagous Heteroptera in the field. It emerged that just a few years after first discovery, this invasive species already largely outnumbers all the other Heteroptera and that it is a season-long pest for pear crops. Severe yield losses are reported in different farms, especially on the orchard borders, with more than 50% deformed fruits. Mirids are mostly found in the grassy areas and crops, and the other phytophagous Heteroptera, only occasionally detected in the orchard trees, occur mainly on hedges and other crops. Our survey demonstrates for the first time the great damaging potential of H. halys as a new key pest of orchards in southern Europe. The study also identified the patterns of seasonal abundance of adults and nymphs in the orchards and their uncultivated surroundings, providing baseline data for the development of specific strategies for sustainable management.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
The islands of Tinos and Syros in the Cyclades Archipelago, Greece, have a hilly terrain, a mild Mediterranean climate and vegetation adapted to drought conditions. Caper ( Capparis spinosa L.) is highly adapted to arid environments and grows successfully during the Mediterranean summer. In August 2015, we detected serious infestations on wild caper by Eurydema eckerleini (Pentatomidae), which was formerly considered a species endemic to Crete and the Peloponnese, with an isolated report in Turkey. This is the first record of the presence of E. eckerleini in the Cyclades.
Paride Dioli
added 5 research items
Phimodera flori Fieber 1863 (Insecta, Heteroptera, Scutelleridae) new to the Alps between France and Italy. Phimodera flori Fieber 1863, a very rare species included in the "red list" and under highest protection, is reported, for the first time, in Val di Susa (Piemonte) between France and Italy. It calls into question some old records due to misidentification, so a key to the European species of this genus is given. Finally the host plant is quoted. Key words: Heteroptera, Scutelleridae, Phimodera, Val di Susa, Torino, Piemonte, Italy.
The Author studies Pìnthaeus sanguinipes (F.)1781, known on/y from a Iittle number of italian regions: recently it was colleeted in N-E Ita/y (Friuli and Lombardy). Keywords: Heteroptera, Pentatomidae, Asopinae, NE Ita/y.
Paride Dioli
added a research item
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) is a pest of numerous annual and perennial crops. Additional distribution records for H. halys are provided from northern Italy where rice is cultivated, and the presence of adults feeding on panicles gives the first evidence of an association between this pest and rice ( Oryza sativ a L.), a crop not previously recorded as a host plant.
Paride Dioli
added 3 research items
Riassunto. La specie aliena Halyomorpha halys viene segnalata per la prima volta in Spagna, a Girona, e in Sardegna (Italia), a Cagliari. In Europa fu rinvenuta inizialmente in Svizzera nel 2004; per l'Italia è nota fin dal 2012 dove è attualmente assai diffusa nelle regioni settentrionali e presenta segnalazioni sporadiche in alcune aree del centro. Nativa dell'Asia orientale, H. halys è molto polifaga e possiede un elevato potenziale invasivo come agente di danno di moltissime piante da frutto, ortive ed ornamentali. Inoltre è assai fastidiosa in ambito urbano per l'abitudine di svernare in massa entro gli edifici durante le stagioni fredde. Parole chiave: Halyomorpha halys, Pentatomidae, nuovi reperti, specie invasiva, Spagna, Sardegna, Europa. First records in Spain and Sardinia of the alien species Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855), with notes on its distribution in Europe (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae). Abstract. The invasive alien Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys is reported for the first time in Spain, in Girona, and in Sardinia (Italy) in the town of Cagliari. In Europe this species was initially detected in 2004 in Switzerland. In Italy, where it is known since 2012, is currently widespread in Northern regions, with occasional records in central ones. Native to east Asia, H. halys has an extremely high potential as an invasive pest causing serious damage to many fruit, horticultural and ornamentals crops. Besides, it is a very annoying urban nuisance for the mass overwintering aggregations inside buildings. Primera cita para España y Cerdeña de la especie invasora Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855), con apuntes sobre su distribución en Europa (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae). Resumen. La chiche invasora Halyomorpha halys es señalada por primera vez en España, de Gerona y en Cerdeña (Italia), en Cagliari. En Europa esta especie fue detectada inicialmente en Suiza, en 2004. En Italia, donde es conocida desde 2012, está distribuida actualmente en las regiones septentrionales, con citas ocasionales en el centro. H. halys es nativa del este de Asia y tiene un extremadamente alto potencial como plaga invasora causante de serios daños a muchos cultivos frutales, hortícolas y ornamentales. Prime segnalazioni in Spagna e in Sardegna della specie aliena Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855) e note sulla sua distribuzione in Europa (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae)
The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug was detected for the first time in Italian Central Alps in September 2014, at Colico, province of Lecco (Northern Italy). Native to east Asia, and introduced in North America and Central Europe, it has a wide host range and an extremely high potential as an invasive pest of many fruit, horticultural and ornamentals crops. From the results of a citizen science type of survey, it emerged that H. halys is widely distributed in the territory of Emilia Romagna, Lombardia, Liguria, Piemonte and Friuli: it was found in lowlands and hilly areas, but not yet on the mountains of Italian Alps.
Paride Dioli
added 5 research items
Native to Asia, the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) Halyomorpha halys (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) is currently one of the most invasive pests in the world. Extremely polyphagous, once introduced in a new territory, BMSB rapidly becomes a key pest of fruit orchards and other crops. The first detection of BMSB in Italy was in Emilia Romagna in 2012, and now is rapidly dispersing in Northern Italy and in the rest of the country. The detection timely activated a survey that combined active search with citizen science using multimedia channels. Data concerning time and location of the findings and population abundance were collected. The spread of BMSB in Italy was tracked obtaining the current distribution map. To investigate the spatial pattern of dispersal in the early stage of spread, a 116 x 134 km area contain the location of the first detection was considered and divided in 2 x 2 km cells. Rules are specified to define the occupancy of each cell and follow the spread dynamics in a discrete-space and derive a first estimation of the spread rate. Aspects of the temporal population dynamics were investigated estimating the transition probability among different classes of abundance in the cells. Predicting population growth is important since field data in the Northern Italian show that as pest abundance increases the pest becomes a serious threat in fruit orchards. Our findings confirm the potential fast spread of BMSB that could rapidly invade wide areas facilitated by passive transportation at long distance. These preliminary results together with data on phenology, host plants and behaviour collected in the same area could be considered to build more accurate model on the spatial-temporal population dynamics. This model could be used as a tool supporting the design of spread management strategies and guiding crop protection measures.
La ricerca, iniziata quando non era ancora stata istituita la Riserva e proseguita recentemente a seguito di un progetto tra la Comunità montana di Sondrio e l’Università di Milano, intende focalizzare le comunità di Eterotteri viventi nella Riserva Naturale Bosco dei Bordighi; in particolare la finalità del progetto è quella di elaborare e classificare i dati ottenuti dai campionamenti in relazione alle piante ospiti e alla biodiversità dell'ambiente considerato.
Lara Maistrello
added a research item
Riassunto. La specie aliena Halyomorpha halys viene segnalata per la prima volta in Spagna, a Girona, e in Sardegna (Italia), a Cagliari. In Europa fu rinvenuta inizialmente in Svizzera nel 2004; per l'Italia è nota fin dal 2012 dove è attualmente assai diffusa nelle regioni settentrionali e presenta segnalazioni sporadiche in alcune aree del centro. Nativa dell'Asia orientale, H. halys è molto polifaga e possiede un elevato potenziale invasivo come agente di danno di moltissime piante da frutto, ortive ed ornamentali. Inoltre è assai fastidiosa in ambito urbano per l'abitudine di svernare in massa entro gli edifici durante le stagioni fredde. Parole chiave: Halyomorpha halys, Pentatomidae, nuovi reperti, specie invasiva, Spagna, Sardegna, Europa. First records in Spain and Sardinia of the alien species Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855), with notes on its distribution in Europe (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae). Abstract. The invasive alien Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys is reported for the first time in Spain, in Girona, and in Sardinia (Italy) in the town of Cagliari. In Europe this species was initially detected in 2004 in Switzerland. In Italy, where it is known since 2012, is currently widespread in Northern regions, with occasional records in central ones. Native to east Asia, H. halys has an extremely high potential as an invasive pest causing serious damage to many fruit, horticultural and ornamentals crops. Besides, it is a very annoying urban nuisance for the mass overwintering aggregations inside buildings. Primera cita para España y Cerdeña de la especie invasora Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855), con apuntes sobre su distribución en Europa (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae). Resumen. La chiche invasora Halyomorpha halys es señalada por primera vez en España, de Gerona y en Cerdeña (Italia), en Cagliari. En Europa esta especie fue detectada inicialmente en Suiza, en 2004. En Italia, donde es conocida desde 2012, está distribuida actualmente en las regiones septentrionales, con citas ocasionales en el centro. H. halys es nativa del este de Asia y tiene un extremadamente alto potencial como plaga invasora causante de serios daños a muchos cultivos frutales, hortícolas y ornamentales. Prime segnalazioni in Spagna e in Sardegna della specie aliena Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855) e note sulla sua distribuzione in Europa (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae)
Paride Dioli
added 5 research items
Found for the first time in Italy the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae), an extremely polyphagous true bug that can attack fruits, vegetables and ornamentals. Collected by University studing during an insect collection and identified by the Pentatomid specialist. Monitoring is currently being performed to detect its distribution in the Northern Italy territories
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is an agricultural and household pest native of far East. In the last years, it has spread to and established in countries outside its area of origin, most notably in North America (United States and Canada), causing severe economic losses in agricultural crops. Recently, H. halys has been found in Europe (Switzerland, Germany, France, Hungary, and Greece) and since September 2012, it has also been found in Italy. However, the modalities of introduction and spreading of this pest on the Italian territory are unknown. Tracing back the diffusion modes of the species by analyzing the genetic structure and composition of populations in their initial phase of colonization could be useful also in the view to implement better pest control strategies. The present study aimed to identify the potential pathways of entry of H. halys by detecting the genetic diversity of specimens collected from Northern Italy and Canton Ticino (Southern Switzerland). The analyses of 1,175 base pairs of mtDNA cytochrome c oxidase I and II genes (cox1 and cox2) on 42 specimens led to the identification of four combined haplotypes: one, found in Emilia Romagna region, is the same found in China and North America but never observed before in Europe. The other combined haplotypes are new but consistent in part with haplotypes previously found in Switzerland. Present data indicate that the Italian invasion may have occurred from two different pathways, both from Switzerland and from Asia and/or North America.
The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae) was detected for the first time in Italy in September 2012 in the province of Modena (northern Italy) during an insect collection for educational purposes. Native to east Asia, H. halys is listed in the EPPO Alert list given its wide host range and extremely high potential as an invasive pest of many fruit, horticultural and ornamentals crops. Besides, it is also a nuisance pest for its tendency to mass-aggregate inside houses to overwinter. To verify the real presence of this bug in Italy, a “citizen-science” type of survey has been activated since May 2013, involving University students, entomology/nature amateurs and common citizens. Besides, in the province of Modena, the field monitoring that was already active to detect the presence of other bugs (Miridae) considered agents of pear deformity, was also used. From the survey it emerged that H. halys is quite evenly distributed in the territory of Emilia Romagna and other focuses were recorded in Lombardia and Piemonte (Northern Italy). H halys was not detected with sweep-net monitoring in the field.
Paride Dioli
added a project goal
Pentatomidae, Acanthosomatidae, Scutelleridae, Cydnidae, Dinidoridae & Tessaratomidae