The public health crisis of COVID-19 has implied that its prevention behaviors are carried out and has had psychological consequences on citizens. This research compares the relationships between the sociodemographic variables and the mental health and public health variables in the face of COVID-19 in the Mexican population. It was a transversal design of a single stage. A sample of 7,693 adult participants answered an online questionnaire designed ad hoc during June 2020. Results indicate a positive correlation between all public health variables: outcome expectations, self-efficacy, subjective social norm, barriers/facilitators, experience in prevention behaviors and intention of post-confinement prevention behaviors and, mental health variables: anxiety, depression, and resilience. In contrast, there is a negative correlation between the latter. There are more stress and depression symptoms among women and people 16-26 years old. Moreover, comparative analyses show that public health behaviors differ according to gender, educational level, people caretaking, information level, and COVID-19 infection. The regression results reveal that the factor with the highest incidence in the intention of prevention behaviors are outcome expectations, followed by self-efficacy beliefs. Based on our findings, we consider it essential to promote interventions from a health psychology perspective, sensitive to different groups of people, contributing to the development of resilience and reducing the pandemic’s psychological impact.
This research letter presents our study, which sought to evaluate the differences in the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of depression, anxiety, and loneliness between younger and older generations at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. Since the younger generation is generally less accustomed to facing and dealing with adversity and illness, we hypothesized that adolescents and younger adults would have a higher prevalence of depression, anxiety, and loneliness as compared to the older generation. It must be emphasized that this survey was conducted during the first COVID-19 lockdown that occurred in Israel from mid-March 2020 to early May 2020. This was a time when businesses were closed, individuals and families were isolated at home with very limited social contact, and feelings of fear and panic were fueled by the electronic media.
Este libro de investigación tiene como objetivo principal evaluar el impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la salud mental de la población colombiana, a partir del modelo de determinantes sociales de la salud. La información que se reporta en el desarrollo de los próximos ocho capítulos tiene como propósito principal brindar la evidencia necesaria para facilitar la toma de decisiones gubernamentales. Los análisis realizados en este informe nacional se obtuvieron a partir de la base de datos del estudio PSY-COVID, iniciativa científica internacional, liderada por un grupo de investigadores de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB), que buscó evaluar el impacto psicosocial generado por la pandemia de COVID-19 en 30 países. En Colombia, concretamente, esta iniciativa contó con el apoyo del Colegio Colombiano de Psicólogos (COLPSIC), asociación co-promotora del estudio, de 25 entidades aliadas, de 11 coordinadores departamentales y de más de 1.500 agentes de difusión.
The identification of general population groups particularly vulnerable to the impact of COVID-19 lockdown measures on mental health and the development of healthcare policies are priority challenges in the current and future pandemics. This study aimed to identify the personal and social determinants of the impact of COVID-19 lockdown measures on mental health in a large sample of the Colombian population. In this cross-sectional study, an anonymous online survey was answered by 18,061 participants from the general population residing in Colombia during the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak (from 20 May to 20 June 2020). The risk of depression, anxiety, and somatization disorders were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-2), and Somatic Symptom Questionnaire (SSQ-5), respectively. Overall, 35% of participants showed risk of depression, 29% of anxiety, and 31% of somatization. According to the analysis of social determinants of health, the most affected groups were people with low incomes, students, and young adults (18–29 years). Specifically, low-income young females were the most at-risk population group. These findings show how the lockdown measures affected the general population’s mental health in Colombia and highlight some social risk factors in health.
Objectives: The Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4) is a short screening instrument to measure depressive and anxious symptoms. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the online version of the PHQ-4 in a large sample of the general population in Colombia. Methods: Data were collected during the first phase of mobility restrictions occasioned by the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 18'061 adult participants completed the online version of the PHQ-4. The characteristics of the items and subscales were explored. Dimensionality was examined using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), including an examination of factor invariance across gender and age. Reliability indices were computed and known-groups validity was addressed by estimating associations between PHQ-4 scores and socio-demographic characteristics. Results: The CFA showed high fit indices for the expected two-factor structure, being invariant across gender and age. Internal consistency was satisfactory for PHQ-2 (α = .83), GAD-2 (α = .79), and PHQ-4 (α = .86). We observed higher scores on depression (PHQ-2), anxiety (GAD-2), and distress (PHQ-4) in women and young people, and those respondents with lower income, unemployed, and lower level of education. Conclusion: The findings indicate that the PHQ-4 is a reliable and valid screen for depression and anxiety among Colombian people, being recommendable this tool for online surveys.
In this webinar, the results of the PSY-COVID study at the Autonomous University of Barcelona are presented in relation to the impact on mental health (anxiety disorder, depression and somatization), comparing the different clusters of the academic community with each other (students, professors and administration and services staff) and with the general population.
This preprint has been published in Journal of Clinical Medicine: DOI: 10.3390/jcm10225297 ResearchGate link to published version: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/356199784_Social_Inequities_in_the_Impact_of_COVID-19_Lockdown_Measures_on_the_Mental_Health_of_a_Large_Sample_of_the_Colombian_Population_PSY-COVID_Study Link to the paper's webpage in the journal: https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/10/22/5297/htm ABSTRACT Background. The identification of general population groups particularly vulnerable to the impact of COVID-19 lockdown measures on mental health and the development of healthcare policies are priority challenges in the current and future pandemics. Objective. To identify the personal and social determinants of the impact of COVID-19 lockdown measures on mental health in a large sample of the Colombian population. Design. In this cross-sectional study, an anonymous online survey was answered by 18,061 participants from the general population residing in Colombia during the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak (from May 20th to June 20th, 2020). Main outcome measures. Symptoms of depression, anxiety, and somatisation were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-2), and Somatic Symptom Questionnaire (SSQ-5), respectively. Results. Overall, 35% of participants showed symptoms of depression, 29% of anxiety, and 31% of somatization. According to the analysis of social determinants of health, the most affected groups were people with low incomes, students, and young adults. Specifically, low-income young females were the most at-risk population group. Conclusion. These findings show how the lockdown measures impacted on the general population's mental health in Colombia and highlights some social risk factors in health.
The conference presents the preliminary results on mental health from a sample of the population resident in Peru (n = 530) during the mobility restriction measures adopted to control the COVID-19 pandemic.
La comunicación presenta los resultados preliminares sobre salud mental de una muestra de población residente en Perú (n = 530) durante las medidas de restricción demovilidad adoptadas para el control de la pandemia de COVID-19
Second report on the results of the PSY-COVID study in Colombia This document, entitled "Social behavior of the Colombian population during the COVID-19 pandemic," presents descriptive analyses of public health variables.
Segundo informe de resultados del estudio PSY-COVID en Colombia. En este documento, titulado “Comportamiento social de la población colombiana durante la pandemia del COVID-19“, se dan a conocer los análisis descriptivos de las variables de salud pública.
First report on the results of the PSY-COVID study in Colombia. In this document, entitled "Effects on the mental health of the Colombian population during the COVID-19 pandemic", descriptive analyses of mental health variables are presented.
Primer informe de resultados del estudio PSY-COVID en Colombia. En este documento, titulado “Efectos en la salud mental de la población colombiana durante la pandemia del COVID-19“, se dan a conocer los análisis descriptivos de las variables de salud mental.